BibTex format

author = {Nicolaou, N and Constandinou, TG},
doi = {10.3389/fninf.2016.00019},
journal = {Frontiers in Neuroinformatics},
title = {A nonlinear causality estimator based on Non-Parametric Multiplicative Regression},
url = {},
volume = {10},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Causal prediction has become a popular tool for neuroscience applications, as it allows the study of relationships between different brain areas during rest, cognitive tasks or brain disorders. We propose a nonparametric approach for the estimation of nonlinear causal prediction for multivariate time series. In the proposed estimator, C-NPMR, Autoregressive modelling is replaced by Nonparametric Multiplicative Regression (NPMR). NPMR quantifies interactions between a response variable (effect) and a set of predictor variables (cause); here, we modified NPMR for model prediction. We also demonstrate how a particular measure, the sensitivity Q, could be used to reveal the structure of the underlying causal relationships. We apply C-NPMR on artificial data with known ground truth (5 datasets), as well as physiological data (2 datasets). C-NPMR correctly identifies both linear and nonlinear causal connections that are present in the artificial data, as well as physiologically relevant connectivity in the real data, and does not seem to be affected by filtering. The Sensitivity measure also provides useful information about the latent connectivity.The proposed estimator addresses many of the limitations of linear Granger causality and other nonlinear causality estimators. C-NPMR is compared with pairwise and conditional Granger causality (linear) and Kernel-Granger causality (nonlinear). The proposed estimator can be applied to pairwise or multivariate estimations without any modifications to the main method. Its nonpametric nature, its ability to capture nonlinear relationships and its robustness to filtering make it appealing for a number of applications.
AU - Nicolaou,N
AU - Constandinou,TG
DO - 10.3389/fninf.2016.00019
PY - 2016///
SN - 1662-5196
TI - A nonlinear causality estimator based on Non-Parametric Multiplicative Regression
T2 - Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 10
ER -