BibTex format

author = {Donaldson, GC and Witt, C and Näyhä, S},
doi = {10.1016/j.puhe.2019.01.008},
journal = {Public Health},
pages = {36--40},
title = {Changes in cold-related mortalities between 1995 and 2016 in South East England},
url = {},
volume = {169},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine trends in cold-related mortalities between 1995 and 2016. STUDY DESIGN: This is a longitudinal mortality study. METHODS: For men and women aged 65-74 years or those older than 85 years in South East England, the relationship between daily mortality (deaths per million population) and outdoor temperatures below 18 °C, with allowance for influenza epidemics, was assessed by linear regression on an annual basis. The regression coefficients were expressed as a percentage of the mortality at 18 °C to adjust for changes in mortality through health care. Trends in 'specific' cold-related mortalities were then examined over two periods, 1977-1994 and 1995-2016. RESULTS: In contrast to the early period, annual trends in cold-related specific mortalities showed no decline between 1995 and 2016. 'Specific' cold-related mortality of women, but not men, in the age group older than 85 years showed a significant increase over the 1995-2016 period, which was different from the trend over the earlier period (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Despite state-funded benefits to help alleviate fuel poverty and public health advice, very elderly women appear to be at increasing risk of cold-related mortality-greater help may be necessary.
AU - Donaldson,GC
AU - Witt,C
AU - Näyhä,S
DO - 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.01.008
EP - 40
PY - 2019///
SN - 0033-3506
SP - 36
TI - Changes in cold-related mortalities between 1995 and 2016 in South East England
T2 - Public Health
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 169
ER -