BibTex format

author = {Corcoran, J and Nagy, PB},
doi = {10.1007/s10921-016-0374-4},
journal = {Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation},
title = {Compensation of the skin effect in low-frequency potential drop measurements},
url = {},
volume = {35},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Potential drop measurements are routinely used in the non-destructive evaluation of component integrity. Potential drop measurements use either direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC), the latter will have superior noise performance due to the ability to perform phase sensitive detection and the reduction of flicker noise. AC measurements are however subject to the skin effect where the current is electromagnetically constricted to the surface of the component. Unfortunately, the skin effect is a function of magnetic permeability, which in ferromagnetic materials is sensitive to a number of parameters including stress and temperature, and consequently in-situ impedance measurements are likely to be unstable. It has been proposed that quasi-DC measurements, which benefit from superior noise performance, but also tend to the skin-effect independent DC measurement, be adopted for in-situ creep measurements for power station components. Unfortunately, the quasi-DC measurement will only tend to the DC distribution and therefore some remnant sensitivity to the skin effect will remain. This paper will present a correction for situations where the remnant sensitivity to the skin effect is not adequately suppressed by using sufficiently low frequency; the application of particular interest being the in-situ monitoring of the creep strain of power station components. The correction uses the measured phase angle to approximate the influence of the skin effect and allow recovery of the DC-asymptotic value of the resistance. The basis of the correction, that potential drop measurements are minimum phase is presented and illustrated on two cases; the creep strain sensor of practical interest and a conducting rod as another common case to illustrate generality. The correction is demonstrated experimentally on a component where the skin effect is manipulated by application of a range of elastic stresses.
AU - Corcoran,J
AU - Nagy,PB
DO - 10.1007/s10921-016-0374-4
PY - 2016///
SN - 1573-4862
TI - Compensation of the skin effect in low-frequency potential drop measurements
T2 - Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation
UR -
UR -
VL - 35
ER -