Browse through all publications from the Institute of Global Health Innovation, which our Patient Safety Research Collaboration is part of. This feed includes reports and research papers from our Centre. 


BibTex format

author = {Khanbhai, M and Symons, J and Flott, K and Harrison-White, S and Spofforth, J and Klaber, R and Manton, D and Darzi, A and Mayer, E},
doi = {10.2196/27887},
journal = {JMIR Human Factors},
pages = {1--14},
title = {Enriching the value of patient experience feedback: interactive dashboard development using co-design and heuristic evaluation},
url = {},
volume = {9},
year = {2022}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Background:There is an abundance of patient experience data held within healthcare organisations but stakeholders and staff are often unable to use the output in a meaningful and timely way to improve care delivery. Dashboards, which use visualised data to summarise key patient experience feedback, have the potential to address these issues.Objective:The aim of this study was to develop a patient experience dashboard with an emphasis on FFT reporting as per the national policy drive. An iterative process involving co-design involving key stakeholders was used to develop the dashboard, followed by heuristic usability testing.Methods:A two staged approach was employed; participatory co-design involving 20 co-designers to develop a dashboard prototype followed by iterative dashboard testing. Language analysis was performed on free-text patient experience data from the Friends and Family Test (FFT) and the themes and sentiment generated was used to populate the dashboard with associated FFT metrics. Heuristic evaluation and usability testing were conducted to refine the dashboard and assess user satisfaction using the system usability score (SUS).Results:Qualitative analysis from the co-design process informed development of the dashboard prototype with key dashboard requirements and a significant preference for bubble chart display. Heuristic evaluation revelated the majority of cumulative scores had no usability problem (n=18), cosmetic problem only (n=7), or minor usability problem (n= 5). Mean SUS was 89.7 (SD 7.9) suggesting an excellent rating.Conclusions:The growing capacity to collect and process patient experience data suggests that data visualisation will be increasingly important in turning the feedback into improvements to care. Through heuristic usability we demonstrated that very large FFT data can be presented into a thematically driven, simple visual display without loss of the nuances and still allow for exploration of the original free-text comments. T
AU - Khanbhai,M
AU - Symons,J
AU - Flott,K
AU - Harrison-White,S
AU - Spofforth,J
AU - Klaber,R
AU - Manton,D
AU - Darzi,A
AU - Mayer,E
DO - 10.2196/27887
EP - 14
PY - 2022///
SN - 2292-9495
SP - 1
TI - Enriching the value of patient experience feedback: interactive dashboard development using co-design and heuristic evaluation
T2 - JMIR Human Factors
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 9
ER -