Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineNational Heart & Lung Institute




+44 (0)20 7594 7940a.amaral Website




G07Emmanuel Kaye BuildingRoyal Brompton Campus





I am an epidemiologist at the National Heart and Lung Institute (NHLI) where I study chronic lung disease and the lung function of populations from around the globe to provide evidence-based information to policy-makers so they can act to prevent chronic lung disease and reduce mortality worldwide.

Blog posts

Scientists question the role of solid fuels in common lung disease. Blog: The Surg; September 17, 2017.

COPD - Son of a TB. Blog: Institute of Global Health Innovation; June 17, 2016.


Chronic airflow obstruction and solid fuels: BOLD study

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Amaral AFS, Patel J, Kato BS, et al., 2018, Airflow Obstruction and Use of Solid Fuels for Cooking or Heating BOLD (Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease) Results, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol:197, ISSN:1073-449X, Pages:595-610

Amaral AFS, Strachan DP, Burney PGJ, et al., 2017, Female Smokers Are at Greater Risk of Airflow Obstruction Than Male Smokers UK Biobank, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol:195, ISSN:1073-449X, Pages:1226-1235

Amaral AFS, Patel J, Gnatiuc L, et al., 2015, Association of pulse wave velocity with total lung capacity: A cross-sectional analysis of the BOLD London study, Respiratory Medicine, Vol:109, ISSN:0954-6111, Pages:1569-1575

Amaral AFS, Coton S, Kato B, et al., 2015, Tuberculosis associates with both airflow obstruction and low lung function: BOLD results, European Respiratory Journal, Vol:46, ISSN:0903-1936, Pages:1104-1112

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