Imperial College London

ProfessorAndrewAmis

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Mechanical Engineering

Professor
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 7062a.amis

 
 
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Assistant

 

Ms Fabienne Laperche +44 (0)20 7594 7033

 
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Location

 

713City and Guilds BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Athwal:2019:10.1007/s00167-018-5094-0,
author = {Athwal, K and Milner, P and Bellier, G and Amis, AA},
doi = {10.1007/s00167-018-5094-0},
journal = {Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy},
pages = {1587--1594},
title = {Posterior capsular release is a biomechanically safe procedure to perform in total knee arthroplasty},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5094-0},
volume = {27},
year = {2019}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - PurposeSurgeons may attempt to strip the posterior capsule from its femoral attachment to overcome flexion contracture in total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, it is unclear if this impacts anterior–posterior (AP) laxity of the implanted knee. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of posterior capsular release on AP laxity in TKA, and compare this to the restraint from the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL).MethodsEight cadaveric knees were mounted in a six degree of freedom testing rig and tested at 0°, 30°, 60° and 90° flexion with ± 150 N AP force, with and without a 710 N axial compressive load. After the native knee was tested, a deep dished cruciate-retaining TKA was implanted and the tests were repeated. The PCL was then cut, followed by releasing the posterior capsule using a curved osteotome.ResultsWith 0 N axial load applied, cutting the PCL as well as releasing the posterior capsule significantly increased posterior laxity compared to the native knee at all flexion angles, and CR TKA states at 30°, 60° and 90° (p < 0.05). However, no significant increase in laxity was found between cutting the PCL and subsequent PostCap release (n.s.). In anterior drawer, there was a significant increase of 1.4 mm between cutting the PCL and PostCap release at 0°, but not at any other flexion angles (p = 0.021). When a 710 N axial load was applied, there was no significant difference in anterior or posterior translation across the different knee states (n.s.).ConclusionsPosterior capsular release only caused a small change in AP laxity compared to cutting the PCL and, therefore, may not be considered detrimental to overall AP stability if performed during TKA surgery.Level of evidenceControlled laboratory study.
AU - Athwal,K
AU - Milner,P
AU - Bellier,G
AU - Amis,AA
DO - 10.1007/s00167-018-5094-0
EP - 1594
PY - 2019///
SN - 0942-2056
SP - 1587
TI - Posterior capsular release is a biomechanically safe procedure to perform in total knee arthroplasty
T2 - Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5094-0
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/63265
VL - 27
ER -