Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Mechanical Engineering




+44 (0)20 7594 7062a.amis




Ms Fabienne Laperche +44 (0)20 7594 7033




713City and Guilds BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Amis, AA and Dowson, D and Wright, V},
doi = {10.1243/EMED_JOUR_1979_008_010_02},
journal = {Engineering in Medicine},
pages = {41--48},
title = {Muscle strengths and musculo-skeletal geometry of the upper limb},
url = {},
volume = {8},
year = {1979}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - A survey of past literature has shown that there is a lack of reliable data for use in prediction of joint forces in the upper limb although this is desirable when developing joint replacements. Upper limb geometry has been analysed, leading to muscle moment arm data at the wrist and elbow. The variation of these moment arms during elbow flexion has also been examined. Analysis of the dimensions of muscles has enabled their relative strengths to be predicted, based on their 'physiological cross-sections'. When used in conjunction with published emg data, this information will enable elbow and wrist joint forces to be estimated more realistically than has previously been possible.
AU - Amis,AA
AU - Dowson,D
AU - Wright,V
DO - 10.1243/EMED_JOUR_1979_008_010_02
EP - 48
PY - 1979///
SN - 0046-2039
SP - 41
TI - Muscle strengths and musculo-skeletal geometry of the upper limb
T2 - Engineering in Medicine
UR -
VL - 8
ER -