Imperial College London

Dr Alexandra Hogan

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Imperial College Research Fellow



+44 (0)20 7594 3946a.hogan Website




Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus






BibTex format

author = {Hogan, A and Jewell, B and Sherrard-Smith, E and Vesga, J and Watson, O and Whittaker, C and Hamlet, A and Smith, J and Ainslie, K and Baguelin, M and Bhatt, S and Boonyasiri, A and Brazeau, N and Cattarino, L and Charles, G and Cooper, L and Coupland, H and Cuomo-Dannenburg, G and Dighe, A and Djaafara, A and Donnelly, C and Dorigatti, I and Eaton, J and van, Elsland S and Fitzjohn, R and Fu, H and Gaythorpe, K and Green, W and Haw, D and Hayes, S and Hinsley, W and Imai, N and Knock, E and Laydon, D and Lees, J and Mangal, T and Mellan, T and Mishra, S and Nedjati, Gilani G and Nouvellet, P and Okell, L and Ower, A and Parag, K and Pickles, M and Stopard, I and Thompson, H and Unwin, H and Verity, R and Vollmer, M and Walters, C and Wang, H and Wang, Y and Whittles, L and Winskill, P and Xi, X and Ferguson, N and Churcher, T and Arinaminpathy, N and Ghani, A and Walker, P and Hallett, T},
doi = {10.25561/78670},
title = {Report 19: The potential impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on HIV, TB and malaria in low- and middle-income countries},
url = {},
year = {2020}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - COVID-19 has the potential to cause disruptions to health services in different ways; through the health system becoming overwhelmed with COVID-19 patients, through the intervention used to slow transmission of COVID-19 inhibiting access to preventative interventions and services, and through supplies of medicine being interrupted. We aim to quantify the extent to which such disruptions in services for HIV, TB and malaria in high burden low- and middle-income countries could lead to additional loss of life. In high burden settings, HIV, TB and malaria related deaths over 5 years may be increased by up to 10%, 20% and 36%, respectively, compared to if there were no COVID-19 epidemic. We estimate the greatest impact on HIV to be from interruption to ART, which may occur during a period of high or extremely high health system demand; for TB, we estimate the greatest impact is from reductions in timely diagnosis and treatment of new cases, which may result from a long period of COVID-19 suppression interventions; for malaria, we estimate that the greatest impact could come from reduced prevention activities including interruption of planned net campaigns, through all phases of the COVID-19 epidemic. In high burden settings, the impact of each type of disruption could be significant and lead to a loss of life-years over five years that is of the same order of magnitude as the direct impact from COVID-19 in places with a high burden of malaria and large HIV/TB epidemics. Maintaining the most critical prevention activities and healthcare services for HIV, TB and malaria could significantly reduce the overall impact of the COVID-19 epidemic.
AU - Hogan,A
AU - Jewell,B
AU - Sherrard-Smith,E
AU - Vesga,J
AU - Watson,O
AU - Whittaker,C
AU - Hamlet,A
AU - Smith,J
AU - Ainslie,K
AU - Baguelin,M
AU - Bhatt,S
AU - Boonyasiri,A
AU - Brazeau,N
AU - Cattarino,L
AU - Charles,G
AU - Cooper,L
AU - Coupland,H
AU - Cuomo-Dannenburg,G
AU - Dighe,A
AU - Djaafara,A
AU - Donnelly,C
AU - Dorigatti,I
AU - Eaton,J
AU - van,Elsland S
AU - Fitzjohn,R
AU - Fu,H
AU - Gaythorpe,K
AU - Green,W
AU - Haw,D
AU - Hayes,S
AU - Hinsley,W
AU - Imai,N
AU - Knock,E
AU - Laydon,D
AU - Lees,J
AU - Mangal,T
AU - Mellan,T
AU - Mishra,S
AU - Nedjati,Gilani G
AU - Nouvellet,P
AU - Okell,L
AU - Ower,A
AU - Parag,K
AU - Pickles,M
AU - Stopard,I
AU - Thompson,H
AU - Unwin,H
AU - Verity,R
AU - Vollmer,M
AU - Walters,C
AU - Wang,H
AU - Wang,Y
AU - Whittles,L
AU - Winskill,P
AU - Xi,X
AU - Ferguson,N
AU - Churcher,T
AU - Arinaminpathy,N
AU - Ghani,A
AU - Walker,P
AU - Hallett,T
DO - 10.25561/78670
PY - 2020///
TI - Report 19: The potential impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on HIV, TB and malaria in low- and middle-income countries
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