Imperial College London

Dr Alexandre Koberle

Faculty of Natural SciencesThe Grantham Institute for Climate Change

Research Fellow







Sherfield BuildingSouth Kensington Campus





Dr Alexandre Köberle is a Research Fellow at the Grantham Institute at Imperial College London. His research focuses on long-term scenarios of socio-environmental change, with special focus on the energy-land-climate nexus to assess potential trade-offs and synergies for concurrent achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). His interdisciplinary work uses energy systems and land use models at national, regional and global scales to investigate potential interlinkages between multiple policy objectives spanning energy use, climate action, agriculture, and nature conservation.

Before joining Imperial College, Dr Köberle was at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and he continues participation in projects begun there, including the ongoing CD-LINKS and COMMIT international projects. At Imperial, he is currently adding to the development of the TIAM-Grantham model through the implementation of the agricultural and land use sectors to better represent land-energy interactions. Dr Köberle is a Lead Author in UNEP’s 6th Global Environment Outlook (GEO6), a Contributing Author on UNEP’s Gap Report, and a Lead Author for the IPCC’s 6th Assessment Report.

At Grantham, Dr Köberle leads Flow of Capital for Climate Action (FlowCCA), a project examining the barriers to low-carbon investments in developing countries and solutions to unlock required flows to meet Paris Agreement objectives. The project is a collaboration with Imperial Business School's Center for Climate Finance & Investment (CCFI) and the school of Economics at Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV) in São Paulo, Brazil, and uses Brazil as a case study to develop a methodology that can be rolled out to other developing countries. In addition, Dr Köberle is a Co-Investigator in PARIS REINFORCE, a Horizon 2020 project looking at low-carbon pathways involving a consortium of international research institutions. 

He has published on a variety of topics involving energy, climate mitigation, climate policy, local air pollution, regional energy integration, land use and deforestation in Brazil and Latin America, bioenergy, global solar potential, energy access, and investment cost of large energy projects.

Dr Köberle holds a DSc in Energy Planning from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a Master’s degree cum laude in Environment and Resource Management from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, and a BSc in Plant Biology and Ecology from the University of California, Davis.




Realmonte G, Hawkes A, Gambhir A, et al., 2019, An inter-model assessment of the role of direct air capture in deep mitigation pathways, Nature Communications, Vol:10, ISSN:2041-1723

Krey V, Guo F, Kolp P, et al., 2019, Looking under the hood: A comparison of techno-economic assumptions across national and global integrated assessment models, Energy, Vol:172, ISSN:0360-5442, Pages:1254-1267

Koberle AC, Portugal-Pereira J, Cunha B, et al., 2019, Brazilian ethanol expansion subject to limitations, Nature Climate Change, Vol:9, ISSN:1758-678X, Pages:209-210

Lap T, Benders R, Köberle A, et al., 2019, Pathways for a Brazilian biobased economy: towards optimal utilization of biomass, Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, ISSN:1932-104X

van den Berg NJ, van Soest HL, Hof AF, et al., 2019, Implications of various effort-sharing approaches for national carbon budgets and emission pathways, Climatic Change, ISSN:0165-0009

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