116 results found
Villette CC, Phillips ATM, 2018, Rate and age-dependent damage elasticity formulation for efficient hip fracture simulations, MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, Vol: 61, Pages: 1-12, ISSN: 1350-4533
Verbruggen SW, Kainz B, Shelmerdine SC, et al., 2018, Altered biomechanical stimulation of the developing hip joint in presence of hip dysplasia risk factors, JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, Vol: 78, Pages: 1-9, ISSN: 0021-9290
Zaharie DT, Phillips ATM, 2018, Pelvic Construct Prediction of Trabecular and Cortical Bone Structural Architecture, JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, Vol: 140, ISSN: 0148-0731
Sperry MM, Phillips ATM, McGregor AH, 2018, Lower back pain and healthy subjects exhibit distinct lower limb perturbation response strategies: a preliminary study, Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, ISSN: 1053-8127
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that inherent differences in movement strategies exist between control subjects and those with a history of lower back pain (LBP). Previous motion analysis studies focus primarily on tracking spinal movements, neglecting the connection between the lower limbs and spinal function. Lack of knowledge surrounding the functional implications of LBP may explain the diversity in success from general treatments currently offered to LBP patients. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the response of healthy controls and individuals with a history of LBP (hLBP) to a postural disturbance. METHODS: Volunteers (n= 26) were asked to maintain standing balance in response to repeated balance disturbances delivered via a perturbation platform while both kinematic and electromyographic data were recorded from the trunk, pelvis, and lower limb. RESULTS: The healthy cohort utilized an upper body-focused strategy for balance control, with substantial activation of the external oblique muscles. The hLBP cohort implemented a lower limb-focused strategy, relying on activation of the semitendinosus and soleus muscles. No significant differences in joint range of motion were identified. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that particular reactive movement patterns may indicate muscular deficits in subjects with hLBP. Identification of these deficits may aid in developing specific rehabilitation programs to prevent future LBP recurrence.
Verbruggen SW, Kainz B, Shelmerdine SC, et al., 2018, Stresses and strains on the human fetal skeleton during development, JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, Vol: 15, ISSN: 1742-5689
Villette CC, Castilho M, Malda J, et al., Heterogeneous design optimisation of tissue engineering scaffolds: in-vitro assessment of a digital design framework, 15th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Publisher: Taylor & Francis, ISSN: 1025-5842
Villette CC, Phillips ATM, 2017, Microscale poroelastic metamodel for efficient mesoscale bone remodelling simulations, BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, Vol: 16, Pages: 2077-2091, ISSN: 1617-7959
Phillips ATM, 2017, Engineering Education, Research, and Design: Breaking In and Out of Liminal Space, JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE, Vol: 143, ISSN: 1052-3928
Favier C, McGregor A, Phillips A, Development of a combined MSK and FEA model of the lower back, 13th Annual Bath Biomechanics Symposium
Verbruggen SW, Oyen ML, Phillips ATM, et al., 2017, Function and failure of the fetal membrane: Modelling the mechanics of the chorion and amnion, PLOS ONE, Vol: 12, ISSN: 1932-6203
Favier C, Phillips A, Musculoskeletal Model of Lumbar Spine and Lower Limb, XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics
Phillips A, 2017, Engineering design, research and education: Breaking in and out of liminal space, Pages: 286-287
Engineering educators, researchers and designers are all stakeholders in the development of undergraduate engineering degrees, which seek to equip graduates with the knowledge and understanding, skills, attitudes and experience required in the profession. These stakeholders are often in conflict when considering the desired learning outcomes for graduate engineers. Breaking in and out of liminal space is presented as the core skill which we wish to pass on to engineering graduates. It provides a focus for constructive discussions on curriculum, activities and assessment on engineering degree courses.
Bellamy L, Phillips A, Ward J, 2017, Optimisation of structural form based on multiple sustainability factors, Pages: 119-120
Structural design and analysis is dependent on optimisation approaches. However, such optimisation is mostly performed for the permanent structure and constructability is rarely considered at the design stages. The goal of the research presented here is to develop a digital design process that encompasses constructability and sustainability factors. The initial process uses common methods for cross-sectional, structural arrangement and structural form optimisation in an automated fashion and facilitates software packages to work together. Further development will enable the process to optimise the structure across construction stages.
Gillie M, Phillips A, 2017, Teaching creative structural design - Seminar, Pages: 33-34
This seminar will examine how teaching structural design to encourage creativity is best approached. It will consist of four short presentations from different perspectives, followed by a facilitated discussion aimed at provoking debate.
Geraldes DM, Modenese L, Phillips ATM, 2016, Consideration of multiple load cases is critical in modelling orthotropic bone adaptation in the femur, BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, Vol: 15, Pages: 1029-1042, ISSN: 1617-7959
Villette CC, Phillips ATM, 2016, Informing phenomenological structural bone remodelling with a mechanistic poroelastic model, BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, Vol: 15, Pages: 69-82, ISSN: 1617-7959
Phillips AT, Impagliazzo J, 2015, Toward an multidisciplinary curriculum in cyberscience
© 2015 IEEE. This conference presentation describes a process for developing a multidisciplinary curriculum in cyberscience. The process presented is a broad-based approach designed to support a four-year undergraduate cyberscience curriculum applicable to diverse institutions of higher learning.
Geraldes D, Phillips A, 2015, The influence of different load cases in orthotropic bone adaptation in the femur, International Society of Biomechanics 2015
Montanino A, Modenese L, Gopalakrishnan A, et al., Smoothing or filtering marker trajectories? The effects on calculated joint moments, XXV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics
Villette CC, Phillips ATM, Zaharie DT, Frangible optimised lower limb surrogate for assessing underbelly blast injury, International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury
Modenese L, Phillips ATM, Bull AMJ, 2015, Letter to the Editor: In Response to "Consistency Among Musculoskeletal Models: Caveat Utilitor", ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, Vol: 43, Pages: 1052-1054, ISSN: 0090-6964
Villette CC, Phillips ATM, Predictive mesoscale structural modelling of bone informed by microscale poroelastic analyses, XXV congress of the International Society of Biomechanics
Zaharie D, Villette C, Phillips A, FRANGIBLE OPTIMISED LOWER LIMB SURROGATE FOR ASSESSING INJURY CAUSED BY UNDERBELLY BLAST, XV International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics
Phillips ATM, Villette CC, Modenese L, 2015, Femoral bone mesoscale structural architecture prediction using musculoskeletal and finite element modelling, International Biomechanics, Vol: 2, Pages: 43-61
© 2015 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. Through much of the anatomical and clinical literature bone is studied with a focus on its structural architecture, while it is rare for bone to be modelled using a structural mechanics as opposed to a continuum mechanics approach in the engineering literature. A novel mesoscale structural model of the femur is presented in which truss and shell elements are used to represent trabecular and cortical bone, respectively. Structural optimisation using a strain-based bone adaptation algorithm is incorporated within a musculoskeletal and finite element modelling framework to predict the structure of the femur subjected to two loading scenarios; a single load case corresponding to the frame of maximum hip joint contact force during walking and a full loading regime consisting of multiple load cases from five activities of daily living. The use of the full loading regime compared to the single load case has a profound influence on the predicted trabecular and cortical structure throughout the femur, with dramatic volume increases in the femoral shaft and the distal femur, and regional increases at the femoral neck and greater trochanter in the proximal femur. The mesoscale structural model subjected to the full loading regime shows agreement with the observed structural architecture of the femur while the structural approach has potential application in bone fracture prediction, prevention and treatment. The mesoscale structural approach achieves the synergistic goals of computational efficiency similar to a macroscale continuum approach and a resolution nearing that of a microscale continuum approach.
Gopalakrishnan A, Modenese L, Phillips ATM, 2014, A novel computational framework for deducing muscle synergies from experimental joint moments, FRONTIERS IN COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE, Vol: 8, Pages: 1-15, ISSN: 1662-5188
Gopalakrishnan A, Phillips ATM, Higginson JS, et al., 2014, Predictive simulations of movement for informing rehabilitation programmes, 12th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Gopalakrishnan A, Modenese L, Phillips ATM, 2014, A dynamic simulation approach for computing muscle synergies from joint moments, 12th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Geraldes DM, Phillips ATM, 2014, A comparative study of orthotropic and isotropic bone adaptation in the femur, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, Vol: 30, Pages: 873-889, ISSN: 2040-7939
Barzan M, Modenese L, Gopalakrishnan A, et al., The effect of footwear on the running kinematics, kinetics and knee internal loads: a preliminary study., 7th World Congress of Biomechanics
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