Imperial College London

Dr Andrew Phillips

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Senior Lecturer
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 6081andrew.phillips Website

 
 
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Assistant

 

Ms Ruth Bello +44 (0)20 7594 6040

 
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Location

 

433Skempton BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

116 results found

Villette CC, Phillips ATM, 2018, Rate and age-dependent damage elasticity formulation for efficient hip fracture simulations, MEDICAL ENGINEERING & PHYSICS, Vol: 61, Pages: 1-12, ISSN: 1350-4533

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Verbruggen SW, Kainz B, Shelmerdine SC, Arthurs OJ, Hajnal JV, Rutherford MA, Phillips ATM, Nowlan NCet al., 2018, Altered biomechanical stimulation of the developing hip joint in presence of hip dysplasia risk factors, JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, Vol: 78, Pages: 1-9, ISSN: 0021-9290

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Zaharie DT, Phillips ATM, 2018, Pelvic Construct Prediction of Trabecular and Cortical Bone Structural Architecture, JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, Vol: 140, ISSN: 0148-0731

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sperry MM, Phillips ATM, McGregor AH, 2018, Lower back pain and healthy subjects exhibit distinct lower limb perturbation response strategies: a preliminary study, Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, ISSN: 1053-8127

BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that inherent differences in movement strategies exist between control subjects and those with a history of lower back pain (LBP). Previous motion analysis studies focus primarily on tracking spinal movements, neglecting the connection between the lower limbs and spinal function. Lack of knowledge surrounding the functional implications of LBP may explain the diversity in success from general treatments currently offered to LBP patients. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the response of healthy controls and individuals with a history of LBP (hLBP) to a postural disturbance. METHODS: Volunteers (n= 26) were asked to maintain standing balance in response to repeated balance disturbances delivered via a perturbation platform while both kinematic and electromyographic data were recorded from the trunk, pelvis, and lower limb. RESULTS: The healthy cohort utilized an upper body-focused strategy for balance control, with substantial activation of the external oblique muscles. The hLBP cohort implemented a lower limb-focused strategy, relying on activation of the semitendinosus and soleus muscles. No significant differences in joint range of motion were identified. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that particular reactive movement patterns may indicate muscular deficits in subjects with hLBP. Identification of these deficits may aid in developing specific rehabilitation programs to prevent future LBP recurrence.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Verbruggen SW, Kainz B, Shelmerdine SC, Hajnal JV, Rutherford MA, Arthurs OJ, Phillips ATM, Nowlan NCet al., 2018, Stresses and strains on the human fetal skeleton during development, JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, Vol: 15, ISSN: 1742-5689

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Villette CC, Castilho M, Malda J, Phillips Aet al., Heterogeneous design optimisation of tissue engineering scaffolds: in-vitro assessment of a digital design framework, 15th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Publisher: Taylor & Francis, ISSN: 1025-5842

CONFERENCE PAPER

Villette CC, Phillips ATM, 2017, Microscale poroelastic metamodel for efficient mesoscale bone remodelling simulations, BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, Vol: 16, Pages: 2077-2091, ISSN: 1617-7959

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Phillips ATM, 2017, Engineering Education, Research, and Design: Breaking In and Out of Liminal Space, JOURNAL OF PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION AND PRACTICE, Vol: 143, ISSN: 1052-3928

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Favier C, McGregor A, Phillips A, Development of a combined MSK and FEA model of the lower back, 13th Annual Bath Biomechanics Symposium

CONFERENCE PAPER

Verbruggen SW, Oyen ML, Phillips ATM, Nowlan NCet al., 2017, Function and failure of the fetal membrane: Modelling the mechanics of the chorion and amnion, PLOS ONE, Vol: 12, ISSN: 1932-6203

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Favier C, Phillips A, Musculoskeletal Model of Lumbar Spine and Lower Limb, XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics

CONFERENCE PAPER

Phillips A, 2017, Engineering design, research and education: Breaking in and out of liminal space, Pages: 286-287

Engineering educators, researchers and designers are all stakeholders in the development of undergraduate engineering degrees, which seek to equip graduates with the knowledge and understanding, skills, attitudes and experience required in the profession. These stakeholders are often in conflict when considering the desired learning outcomes for graduate engineers. Breaking in and out of liminal space is presented as the core skill which we wish to pass on to engineering graduates. It provides a focus for constructive discussions on curriculum, activities and assessment on engineering degree courses.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Bellamy L, Phillips A, Ward J, 2017, Optimisation of structural form based on multiple sustainability factors, Pages: 119-120

Structural design and analysis is dependent on optimisation approaches. However, such optimisation is mostly performed for the permanent structure and constructability is rarely considered at the design stages. The goal of the research presented here is to develop a digital design process that encompasses constructability and sustainability factors. The initial process uses common methods for cross-sectional, structural arrangement and structural form optimisation in an automated fashion and facilitates software packages to work together. Further development will enable the process to optimise the structure across construction stages.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Gillie M, Phillips A, 2017, Teaching creative structural design - Seminar, Pages: 33-34

This seminar will examine how teaching structural design to encourage creativity is best approached. It will consist of four short presentations from different perspectives, followed by a facilitated discussion aimed at provoking debate.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Geraldes DM, Modenese L, Phillips ATM, 2016, Consideration of multiple load cases is critical in modelling orthotropic bone adaptation in the femur, BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, Vol: 15, Pages: 1029-1042, ISSN: 1617-7959

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Verbruggen SW, Loo JHW, Hayat TTA, Hajnal JV, Rutherford MA, Phillips ATM, Nowlan NCet al., 2016, Modeling the biomechanics of fetal movements, BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, Vol: 15, Pages: 995-1004, ISSN: 1617-7959

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Villette CC, Phillips ATM, 2016, Informing phenomenological structural bone remodelling with a mechanistic poroelastic model, BIOMECHANICS AND MODELING IN MECHANOBIOLOGY, Vol: 15, Pages: 69-82, ISSN: 1617-7959

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Phillips AT, Impagliazzo J, 2015, Toward an multidisciplinary curriculum in cyberscience

© 2015 IEEE. This conference presentation describes a process for developing a multidisciplinary curriculum in cyberscience. The process presented is a broad-based approach designed to support a four-year undergraduate cyberscience curriculum applicable to diverse institutions of higher learning.

CONFERENCE PAPER

Geraldes D, Phillips A, 2015, The influence of different load cases in orthotropic bone adaptation in the femur, International Society of Biomechanics 2015

CONFERENCE PAPER

Montanino A, Modenese L, Gopalakrishnan A, Petrone N, Phillips ATMet al., Smoothing or filtering marker trajectories? The effects on calculated joint moments, XXV Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics

CONFERENCE PAPER

Villette CC, Phillips ATM, Zaharie DT, Frangible optimised lower limb surrogate for assessing underbelly blast injury, International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury

CONFERENCE PAPER

Modenese L, Phillips ATM, Bull AMJ, 2015, Letter to the Editor: In Response to "Consistency Among Musculoskeletal Models: Caveat Utilitor", ANNALS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, Vol: 43, Pages: 1052-1054, ISSN: 0090-6964

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Villette CC, Phillips ATM, Predictive mesoscale structural modelling of bone informed by microscale poroelastic analyses, XXV congress of the International Society of Biomechanics

CONFERENCE PAPER

Zaharie D, Villette C, Phillips A, FRANGIBLE OPTIMISED LOWER LIMB SURROGATE FOR ASSESSING INJURY CAUSED BY UNDERBELLY BLAST, XV International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics

CONFERENCE PAPER

Phillips ATM, Villette CC, Modenese L, 2015, Femoral bone mesoscale structural architecture prediction using musculoskeletal and finite element modelling, International Biomechanics, Vol: 2, Pages: 43-61

© 2015 The Author(s). Published by Taylor & Francis. Through much of the anatomical and clinical literature bone is studied with a focus on its structural architecture, while it is rare for bone to be modelled using a structural mechanics as opposed to a continuum mechanics approach in the engineering literature. A novel mesoscale structural model of the femur is presented in which truss and shell elements are used to represent trabecular and cortical bone, respectively. Structural optimisation using a strain-based bone adaptation algorithm is incorporated within a musculoskeletal and finite element modelling framework to predict the structure of the femur subjected to two loading scenarios; a single load case corresponding to the frame of maximum hip joint contact force during walking and a full loading regime consisting of multiple load cases from five activities of daily living. The use of the full loading regime compared to the single load case has a profound influence on the predicted trabecular and cortical structure throughout the femur, with dramatic volume increases in the femoral shaft and the distal femur, and regional increases at the femoral neck and greater trochanter in the proximal femur. The mesoscale structural model subjected to the full loading regime shows agreement with the observed structural architecture of the femur while the structural approach has potential application in bone fracture prediction, prevention and treatment. The mesoscale structural approach achieves the synergistic goals of computational efficiency similar to a macroscale continuum approach and a resolution nearing that of a microscale continuum approach.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gopalakrishnan A, Modenese L, Phillips ATM, 2014, A novel computational framework for deducing muscle synergies from experimental joint moments, FRONTIERS IN COMPUTATIONAL NEUROSCIENCE, Vol: 8, Pages: 1-15, ISSN: 1662-5188

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Gopalakrishnan A, Phillips ATM, Higginson JS, McGregor AHet al., 2014, Predictive simulations of movement for informing rehabilitation programmes, 12th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

CONFERENCE PAPER

Gopalakrishnan A, Modenese L, Phillips ATM, 2014, A dynamic simulation approach for computing muscle synergies from joint moments, 12th International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

CONFERENCE PAPER

Geraldes DM, Phillips ATM, 2014, A comparative study of orthotropic and isotropic bone adaptation in the femur, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR NUMERICAL METHODS IN BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, Vol: 30, Pages: 873-889, ISSN: 2040-7939

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Barzan M, Modenese L, Gopalakrishnan A, Bezodis N, Marcolin G, Petrone N, Phillips Aet al., The effect of footwear on the running kinematics, kinetics and knee internal loads: a preliminary study., 7th World Congress of Biomechanics

CONFERENCE PAPER

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