Imperial College London

Professor Anthony Gordon

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Surgery & Cancer

Chair in Anaesthesia and Critical Care
 
 
 
//

Contact

 

+44 (0)20 3312 6328anthony.gordon

 
 
//

Location

 

ICUQueen Elizabeth the Queen Mother Wing (QEQM)St Mary's Campus

//

Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Lambden:2018:10.1186/s13054-018-2277-5,
author = {Lambden, S and Tomlinson, J and Piper, S and Gordon, AC and Leiper, J},
doi = {10.1186/s13054-018-2277-5},
journal = {Critical Care},
title = {Evidence for a protective role for the rs805305 single nucleotide polymorphism of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 (DDAH2) in septic shock through the regulation of DDAH activity},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13054-018-2277-5},
volume = {22},
year = {2018}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - BackgroundDimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 (DDAH2) regulates the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) through the metabolism of the endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). Pilot studies have associated the rs805305 SNP of DDAH2 with ADMA concentrations in sepsis. This study explored the impact of the rs805305 polymorphism on DDAH activity and outcome in septic shock.MethodsWe undertook a secondary analysis of data and samples collected during the Vasopressin versus noradrenaline as initial therapy in septic shock (VANISH) trial. Plasma and DNA samples isolated from 286 patients recruited into the VANISH trial were analysed. Concentrations of L-Arginine and the methylarginines ADMA and symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) were determined from plasma samples. Whole blood and buffy-coat samples were genotyped for polymorphisms of DDAH2. Clinical data collected during the study were used to explore the relationship between circulating methylarginines, genotype and outcome.ResultsPeak ADMA concentration over the study period was associated with a hazard ratio for death at 28 days of 3.3 (95% CI 2.0–5.4), p < 0.001. Reduced DDAH activity measured by an elevated ADMA:SDMA ratio was associated with a reduced risk of death in septic shock (p = 0.03). The rs805305 polymorphism of DDAH2 was associated with reduced DDAH activity (p = 0.004) and 28-day mortality (p = 0.02). Mean SOFA score and shock duration were also reduced in the less common G:G genotype compared to heterozygotes and C:C genotype patients (p = 0.04 and p = 0.02, respectively).ConclusionsPlasma ADMA is a biomarker of outcome in septic shock, and reduced DDAH activity is associated with a protective effect. The polymorphism rs805305 SNP is associated with reduced mortality, which is potentially mediated by reduced DDAH2 activity.
AU - Lambden,S
AU - Tomlinson,J
AU - Piper,S
AU - Gordon,AC
AU - Leiper,J
DO - 10.1186/s13054-018-2277-5
PY - 2018///
SN - 1364-8535
TI - Evidence for a protective role for the rs805305 single nucleotide polymorphism of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2 (DDAH2) in septic shock through the regulation of DDAH activity
T2 - Critical Care
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13054-018-2277-5
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/65081
VL - 22
ER -