Imperial College London

DrAurelioMalo

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Life Sciences (Silwood Park)

Honorary Lecturer
 
 
 
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Contact

 

aurelio.malo

 
 
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Location

 

Sir Alexander Fleming BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

56 results found

Brouard MJ, Knowles SCL, Dressen S, Coulson T, Malo Aet al., 2020, Factors affecting woodland rodent growth, JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, Vol: 312, Pages: 174-182, ISSN: 0952-8369

Journal article

Expósito-Granados M, Castro AJ, Lozano J, Aznar-Sanchez JA, Carter NH, Requena-Mullor JM, Malo AF, Olszańska A, Morales-Reyes Z, Moleon M, Sánchez-Zapata JA, Cortés-Avizanda A, Fischer J, Martin-Lopez Bet al., 2019, Human-carnivore relations: conflicts, tolerance and coexistence in the American West, Environmental Research Letters, Vol: 14, ISSN: 1748-9326

Carnivore and humans live in proximity due to carnivore recovery efforts and ongoing human encroachment into carnivore habitats globally. The American West is a region that uniquely exemplifies these human-carnivore dynamics, however, it is unclear how the research community here integrates social and ecological factors to examine human-carnivore relations. Therefore, strategies promoting human-carnivore coexistence are urgently needed. We conducted a systematic review on human-carnivore relations in the American West covering studies between 2000 and 2018. We first characterized human-carnivore relations across states of the American West. Second, we analyzed similarities and dissimilarities across states in terms of coexistence, tolerance, number of ecosystem services and conflicts mentioned in literature. Third, we used Bayesian modeling to quantify the effect of social and ecological factors influencing the scientific interest on coexistence, tolerance, ecosystem services and conflicts. Results revealed some underlying biases in human-carnivore relations research. Colorado and Montana were the states where the highest proportion of studies were conducted with bears and wolves the most studied species. Non-lethal management was the most common strategy to mitigate conflicts. Overall, conflicts with carnivores were much more frequently mentioned than benefits. We found similarities among Arizona, California, Utah, and New Mexico according to how coexistence, tolerance, services and conflicts are addressed in literature. We identified percentage of federal/private land, carnivore family, social actors, and management actions, as factors explaining how coexistence, tolerance, conflicts and services are addressed in literature. We provide a roadmap to foster tolerance towards carnivores and successful coexistence strategies in the American West based on four main domains, (1) the dual role of carnivores as providers of both beneficial and detrimental contributions to

Journal article

Lozano J, Olszanska A, Morales-Reyes Z, Castro AA, Malo AF, Moleon M, Sanchez-Zapata JA, Cortes-Avizanda A, von Wehrden H, Dorresteijn I, Kansky R, Fischer J, Martin-Lopez Bet al., 2019, Human-carnivore relations: A systematic review, BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION, Vol: 237, Pages: 480-492, ISSN: 0006-3207

Journal article

Malo AF, Gilbert TC, Riordan P, 2019, Drivers of sex ratio bias in the eastern bongo: lower inbreeding increases the probability of being born male, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Vol: 286, ISSN: 0962-8452

Journal article

Colchero F, Jones OR, Conde DA, Hodgson D, Zajitschek F, Schmidt BR, Malo AF, Alberts SC, Becker PH, Bouwhuis S, Bronikowski AM, De Vleeschouwer KM, Delahay RJ, Dummermuth S, Fernandez-Duque E, Frisenvaenge J, Hesselsoe M, Larson S, Lemaitre J-F, Mcdonald J, Miller DAW, O'donnell C, Packer C, Raboy BE, Reading CJ, Wapstra E, Weimerskirch H, While GM, Baudisch A, Flatt T, Coulson T, Gaillard J-Met al., 2019, The diversity of population responses to environmental change, ECOLOGY LETTERS, Vol: 22, Pages: 342-353, ISSN: 1461-023X

Journal article

Lacy RC, Malo AF, Alaks G, 2018, Maintenance of genetic variation in quantitative traits of a woodland rodent during generations of captive breeding, CONSERVATION GENETICS, Vol: 19, Pages: 789-802, ISSN: 1566-0621

Journal article

Malo AF, Martinez-Pastor F, Garcia-Gonzalez F, Grade J, Ballou JD, Lacy RCet al., 2017, A father effect explains sex-ratio bias, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Vol: 284, ISSN: 0962-8452

Journal article

Pozo RA, Schindler S, Cubaynes S, Cusack JJ, Coulson T, Malo AFet al., 2016, Modeling the impact of selective harvesting on red deer antlers, JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT, Vol: 80, Pages: 978-989, ISSN: 0022-541X

Journal article

Virgos E, Lozano J, Cabezas-Diaz S, Macdonald DW, Zalewski A, Carlos Atienza J, Proulx G, Ripple WJ, Rosalino LM, Santos-Reis M, Johnson PJ, Malo AF, Baker SEet al., 2016, A poor international standard for trap selectivity threatens carnivore conservation, BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION, Vol: 25, Pages: 1409-1419, ISSN: 0960-3115

Journal article

Conde-Gomez R, Malo AF, Alaks G, Lacy RC, Martinez-Pastor Fet al., 2015, Different breeding strategies affect sperm morphometry in Peromyscus leucopus, 19th Annual Conference of the European-Society-for-Domestic-Animal-Reproduction (ESDAR), Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL, Pages: 48-48, ISSN: 0936-6768

Conference paper

Tejedor I, Salamanca J, Malo AF, Bartels P, Martinez-Pastor Fet al., 2014, Within-sample variability of sperm head morphometry in several Alcelaphinae antelopes, 18th Annual Conference of the European-Society-for-Domestic-Animal-Reproduction (ESDAR), Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL, Pages: 96-96, ISSN: 0936-6768

Conference paper

Godsall B, Coulson T, Malo AF, 2014, From physiology to space use: energy reserves and androgenization explain home-range size variation in a woodland rodent, JOURNAL OF ANIMAL ECOLOGY, Vol: 83, Pages: 126-135, ISSN: 0021-8790

Journal article

Lozano J, Malo AF, 2013, RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN HUMAN ACTIVITY AND RICHNESS AND ABUNDANCE OF SOME BIRD SPECIES IN THE PARAGUAY RIVER (PANTANAL, BRAZIL), ARDEOLA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORNITHOLOGY, Vol: 60, Pages: 99-112, ISSN: 0570-7358

Journal article

Lozano J, Malo AF, 2012, Effects of human presence on a bird community formed by 15 species living in the Paraguay River (Pantanal, Brazil)(Submitted)

Journal article

Godsall B, Coulson T, Malo AF, 2012, Relative contributions of individual-level and habitat factors to home range size in a wild rodent (Submitted)

Journal article

Malo AF, Taylor A, Coulson T, 2012, Rhododendron cover biases seed dispersal by rodents: A novel mechanism for refuge-mediated apparent competition (Submitted)

Journal article

Malo AF, Godsall B, Prebble C, Grange Z, McCanddless S, Taylor A, Coulson Tet al., 2012, Positive effects of an invasive shrub on aggregation and abundance of a native small rodent, Behavioural Ecology

Journal article

Lozano J, Malo AF, 2011, Conservation of European wildcat (Felis silvestris) in Mediterranean environments: a reassessment of current threats, Mediterranean Ecosystems: Dynamics, Management and Conservation, Editors: Williams, ISBN: 978-1-61209-146-4

Book chapter

Bonal BS, Corder J, Dickie L, Hejcmanova P, Jaudt U, Jordan M, Kolter L, Kotze A, Leus K, Malo AFet al., 2011, IUCN Technical Guidelines Review on the Management of Ex Situ Populations for Conservation: Why, when and how to establish an ex situ population, CBSG News, 22

Report

Bonal BS, Corder J, Dickie L, Hejcmanova P, Jaudt U, Jordan M, Kolter L, Kotze A, Leus K, Malo AFet al., 2011, IUCN Technical Guidelines Review on the Management of Ex Situ Populations for Conservation: Why, when and how to establish an ex situ population, CBSG news, 22

Report

Malo AF, Martinez-Pastor F, Alaks G, Dubach J, Lacy RCet al., 2010, Effects of genetic captive breeding protocols on sperm quality and fertility, Biology of Reproduction, Vol: 83, Pages: 540-548

Here we use Peromyscus mice from a captive breeding program experiment to test the effects of three genetic breeding protocols -minimizing mean kinship (MK), random breeding (RAN) and selection for docility (DOC)- and inbreeding levels on sperm traits and fertility. Earlier in generation 8 one DOC replicate went extinct, due to poor reproductive success. By generation ten, spermatozoa from DOC mice had higher acrosome and midpiece abnormalities, which were shown to be strong determinants of fertility, as well as lower sperm production and resistance to osmotic stress. We also assessed the determinants of fertility in a comprehensive manner, including male and female components. First, the probability (P) of siring litters is determined by sperm numbers, sperm viability, and midpiece and acrosome abnormalities. Second, the P of siring 1 vs. 2 litters is determined by tail abnormalities. Lastly, the total number of offspring is influenced for by female size and proportion of normal sperm, showing the relative importance of different sperm traits on fertility. On average, males with 20% normal sperm sired one pup per litter and males with 70% normal sperm sired 8 pups per litter. Interestingly, proportion of normal sperm was affected by docility but not by inbreeding at relatively low levels. However, inbreeding depression on sperm motility was detected. In the MK group, the inbreeding depression effect not only affected sperm motility but also fertility: an inbreeding increase of f=0.03 reduced sperm motility by30% and translated into an offspring reduction of 3 pups in second litters. A genetic load of 48 fecundity equivalents was calculated.

Journal article

Eggert LS, Powell DM, Ballou JD, Malo AF, Turner A, Kumer J, Zimmerman C, Fleischer RC, Maldonado JEet al., 2010, Pedigrees and the Study of Wild Populations: The Horses of Assateague Island National Seashore, Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol: 5, Pages: 963-973

Recently, a number of papers have addressed the use of pedigrees in the study of wild populations, highlighting their value in conservation management. We used this approach in our study of the horses (Equus caballus) of Assateague Island National Seashore, one of a small number of free ranging animal populations that have been the subject of long-term studies. This population grew from 28 in 1968 to 175 in 2001, causing negative impacts on the island ecosystem. To minimize these effects, an immunocontraception program was instituted, and numbers are slowly decreasing. However, there is concern that this strategy may negatively affect the genetic health of the herd. We found that while mitochondrial DNA diversity is low, nuclear diversity is comparable to that of established breeds. Genetic data were used to verify and amend maternal pedigrees that had been primarily based on behavioral data. Paternity was inferred using genetic data along with National Park Service records of the historic ranges of stallions. The resulting pedigrees enabled us to examine demography, founder contributions, rates of inbreeding and loss of diversity over recent generations, as well as the level of kinship among horses. We then evaluated the strategy of removing individuals (using non-lethal means) with the highest mean kinship values. While this increased the retained diversity of the founders and decreased the average kinship between individuals, it disproportionately impacted the sizes of the youngest age classes. Our results suggest that a combined strategy of controlled breeding and immunocontraception would be more effective than removing individuals with high mean kinships in preserving the long-term health and viability of the herd.

Journal article

Lozano J, Malo AF, 2010, Determinantes de la densidad de la garcita verdosa (Butorides striatus): Es util como especie indicadora de presion antropica, Iniciacion a la Investigacion, Vol: 5, Pages: 1-5

Journal article

Malo AF, Coulson T, 2009, Heterozygosity-fitness correlations and associative overdominance: new detection method and proof of principle in the Iberian wild boar, MOLECULAR ECOLOGY, Vol: 18, Pages: 2741-2742, ISSN: 0962-1083

Journal article

Malo AF, Gomendio M, Garde JJ, Soler AJ, Vicente J, Gortazar C, Roldan ERSet al., 2009, What does testosterone do for red deer males?, Proceedings of the Royal Society London B, Vol: 276, Pages: 971-980

Journal article

Malo AF, Coulson T, 2009, HFCs and associative overdominance: new detection method and proof of principle in the Iberian wild boar, Molecular Ecology, Vol: 18, Pages: 2741-2742

Journal article

Coulson T, Malo A, 2008, Population biology: Case of the absent lemmings, NATURE, Vol: 456, Pages: 43-44, ISSN: 0028-0836

Journal article

Martinez-Pastor F, Malo AF, Alaks G, Lacy RCet al., 2008, Captive breeding strategies affect sperm traits in Peromyscus leucopus, 16th International Congress on Animal Reproduction, Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC, Pages: 211-211, ISSN: 0936-6768

Conference paper

Coulson T, Malo AF, 2008, Population biology: Case of the absent lemmings, Nature, Vol: 456, Pages: 43-44

Journal article

Ballou JD, Traylor-Holzer K, Turner A, Malo AF, Powell D, Maldonado J, Eggert Let al., 2008, Simulation model for contraception management of the Assateague Island feral horse population using individual-based data, Wildlife Research, Vol: 35, Pages: 502-512

Journal article

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