Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Physics

Research Fellow



+44 (0)20 7594 7651b.appelbe07 Website




740Blackett LaboratorySouth Kensington Campus





I am a Research Fellow in the Centre for Inertial Fusion Studies (CIFS), working in computational High Energy Density Physics. My research covers Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) and Magneto-Inertial Fusion (MIF). For ICF, I model experiments carried out on the NIF laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the OMEGA laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics. For MIF, I study experiments carried out on the Z machine at Sandia National Laboratories.

Research topics that I am currently interested in include:

  • How can we measure the temperature and density of burning plasmas in ICF experiments? 
  • How do magnetic fields affect thermonuclear burn?
  • How can we make efficient, intense neutron sources in the laboratory?
  • How can we use Quantum Computers in Plasma Physics?

Here I am talking with Varsha Krishnan about my life as a Physicist, and here is a blog post about some of my current research.



Patel D, Shah RC, Betti R, et al., 2023, Measuring higher-order moments of neutron-time-of-flight data for cryogenic inertial confinement fusion implosions on OMEGA, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:30, ISSN:1070-664X

Sio H, Moody JD, Pollock BB, et al., 2023, Performance scaling with an applied magnetic field in indirect-drive inertial confinement fusion implosions, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:30, ISSN:1070-664X

Moore AS, Schlossberg DJ, Appelbe BD, et al., 2023, Neutron time of flight (nToF) detectors for inertial fusion experiments, Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol:94, ISSN:0034-6748

Hartouni EP, Moore AS, Crilly AJ, et al., 2023, Evidence for suprathermal ion distribution in burning plasmas, Nature Physics, Vol:19, ISSN:1745-2473, Pages:72-+

Crilly AJ, Appelbe BD, Mannion OM, et al., 2022, Constraints on ion velocity distributions from fusion product spectroscopy, Nuclear Fusion, Vol:62, ISSN:0029-5515

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