Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Physics

Research Associate



+44 (0)20 7594 7651b.appelbe07 Website




740Blackett LaboratorySouth Kensington Campus





I am a Research Associate in the Centre for Inertial Fusion Studies (CIFS), working in computational High Energy Density Physics. My research covers Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) and Magneto-Inertial Fusion (MIF). For ICF, I model experiments carried out on the NIF laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the OMEGA laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics. For MIF, I study experiments carried out on the Z machine at Sandia National Laboratories.

Research topics that I am currently interested in include:

  • How can we measure the temperature and density of burning plasmas in ICF experiments? 
  • How do magnetic fields affect thermonuclear burn?
  • How can we make efficient, intense neutron sources in the laboratory?
  • How can we use Quantum Computers in Plasma Physics?

Here I am talking with Varsha Krishnan about my life as a Physicist!



Sio H, Moody JD, Ho DD, et al., 2021, Diagnosing plasma magnetization in inertial confinement fusion implosions using secondary deuterium-tritium reactions, Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol:92, ISSN:0034-6748

Appelbe B, Velikovich AL, Sherlock M, et al., 2021, Magnetic field transport in propagating thermonuclear burn, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:28, ISSN:1070-664X

Meaney KD, Hoffman NM, Kim Y, et al., 2021, Time resolved ablator areal density during peak fusion burn on inertial confinement fusion implosions, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:28, ISSN:1070-664X

Crilly AJ, Appelbe BD, Mannion OM, et al., 2021, The effect of areal density asymmetries on scattered neutron spectra in ICF implosions, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:28, ISSN:1070-664X

Crilly AJ, Appelbe BD, Mannion OM, et al., 2020, Neutron backscatter edge: A measure of the hydrodynamic properties of the dense DT fuel at stagnation in ICF experiments, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:27, ISSN:1070-664X, Pages:012701-1-012701-11

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