Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Physics

Research Associate



+44 (0)20 7594 7651b.appelbe07 Website




740Blackett LaboratorySouth Kensington Campus





I am a Research Associate in the Centre for Inertial Fusion Studies (CIFS), working in computational High Energy Density Physics. My research covers Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) and Magneto-Inertial Fusion (MIF). For ICF, I model experiments carried out on the NIF laser at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the OMEGA laser at the Laboratory for Laser Energetics. For MIF, I study experiments carried out on the Z machine at Sandia National Laboratories.

Research topics that I am currently interested in include:

  • How can we measure the temperature and density of burning plasmas in ICF experiments? 
  • How do magnetic fields affect thermonuclear burn?
  • How can we make efficient, intense neutron sources in the laboratory?
  • How can we use Quantum Computers in Plasma Physics?

Here I am talking with Varsha Krishnan about my life as a Physicist!



Mannion OM, Crilly AJ, Forrest CJ, et al., 2022, Measurements of the temperature and velocity of the dense fuel layer in inertial confinement fusion experiments, Physical Review E, Vol:105, ISSN:2470-0045

Walsh CA, O'Neill S, Chittenden JP, et al., 2022, Magnetized ICF implosions: Scaling of temperature and yield enhancement, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:29, ISSN:1070-664X

Sio H, Moody JD, Ho DD, et al., 2021, Diagnosing plasma magnetization in inertial confinement fusion implosions using secondary deuterium-tritium reactions, Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol:92, ISSN:0034-6748, Pages:1-5

Appelbe B, Velikovich AL, Sherlock M, et al., 2021, Magnetic field transport in propagating thermonuclear burn, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:28, ISSN:1070-664X, Pages:1-9

Meaney KD, Hoffman NM, Kim Y, et al., 2021, Time resolved ablator areal density during peak fusion burn on inertial confinement fusion implosions, Physics of Plasmas, Vol:28, ISSN:1070-664X

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