Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Life Sciences

Professor of Molecular Membrane Biology



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BibTex format

author = {Byrne, B and Fowler, PA and Templeton, AA},
journal = {Journal of Endocrinology},
pages = {413--422},
title = {The effects of steroidal and non-steroidal ovarian factors on the pituitary responsiveness to gonadotrophin surge attenuating factor.},
volume = {150},
year = {1996}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Primary pituitary cultures from adult female rats were used to investigate the effects of steroidal (oestradiol and progesterone) and non-steroidal (inhibin, follistatin) ovarian hormones on the suppressive actions of the ovarian factor gonadotrophin surge-attenuating factor (GnSAF) in the control of gonadotrophin secretion. The source of GnSAF was a chromatographic preparation from follicular fluid containing four distinct protein bands as resolved on SDS-PAGE. Oestradiol and progesterone added alone had no effect on gonadotrophin secretion but had a wide range of effects on the suppression of both LH and FSH secretion caused by the non-steroidal factors. Oestradiol, progesterone and oestradiol+progesterone enhanced the suppressive actions of GnSAF on GnRH-induced LH secretion (causing 19.3 +/- 5.2% (P < 0.05), 41.9 +/- 3.4% (P < 0.001) and 32.2 +/- 5.3% (P < 0.001) greater suppression than GnSAF alone). Progesterone and oestradiol+progesterone completely abolished the suppression of basal FSH secretion caused by inhibin (causing 157.1 +/- 22.2%, P < 0.001, and 160.9 +/- 11.3%, P < 0.001, stimulation compared with inhibin alone). Separately the steroids had no effect on the suppression of gonadotrophin secretion caused by follistatin. However, in combination, oestradiol+progesterone potentiated the suppressive actions of follistatin on GnRH-induced LH secretion causing 29.9 +/- 5.3% (P < 0.05) greater suppression than follistatin alone. In combination, high-dose follistatin and GnSAF caused 31.1 +/- 6.5% (P < 0.01) greater suppression than GnSAF alone. Thus in combination high-dose follistatin and GnSAF have additive effects on the suppression of GnRH-induced LH secretion. Recombinant human inhibin and GnSAF added in combination had little further effect compared with either alone suggesting that they may have a similar mechanism of action at the pituitary level. These results demonstrate that while FSH secretion in vitro is mainly controlled b
AU - Byrne,B
AU - Fowler,PA
AU - Templeton,AA
EP - 422
PY - 1996///
SP - 413
TI - The effects of steroidal and non-steroidal ovarian factors on the pituitary responsiveness to gonadotrophin surge attenuating factor.
T2 - Journal of Endocrinology
VL - 150
ER -