Imperial College London

Professor Christopher Jackson

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Visiting Professor
 
 
 
//

Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 7450c.jackson Website

 
 
//

Location

 

1.46ARoyal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus

//

Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

335 results found

Evans SL, Jackson CA-L, 2021, Intra-salt structure and strain partitioning in layered evaporites: implications for drilling through Messinian salt in the eastern Mediterranean, PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCE, Vol: 27, ISSN: 1354-0793

Journal article

Abu C, Jackson CA-L, Francis M, 2021, Strike-slip overprinting of initial co-axial shortening within the toe region of a submarine landslide and a model for basal shear surface growth: a case study from the Angoche Basin, offshore Mozambique, Journal of the Geological Society, Pages: jgs2021-032, ISSN: 0016-7649

<jats:p>Submarine landslides (slides) are some of the most voluminous sediment gravity-flows on Earth and they dominate the stratigraphic record of many sedimentary basins. Their general kinematics and internal structure are relatively well-understood. However, how slides increase in volume and internally deform as they evolve, and how these processes relate, in time and space, to the growth of their basal (shear) zone, are poorly understood. We here use three high-resolution 3D seismic surveys from the Angoche Basin, offshore Mozambique to map strain within a shallowly buried, large, and thus seismically well-imaged slide (<jats:italic>c.</jats:italic> 530 km<jats:sup>3</jats:sup>). We document several key kinematic indicators, including broadly NW-trending lateral margins and longitudinal shears bounding and within the slide body, respectively, and broadly NE-trending symmetric pop-up blocks in the slide toe. Approximately 7 km downdip of the slide toe wall, thrusts and related folds also occur within otherwise undeformed slope material, with thrusts detaching downwards onto the downslope continuation of the basal shear zone underlying the slide body. Based on the style, trend and distribution of these features, and their cross-cutting relationships, we propose an emplacement model involving two distinct phases of deformation: (i) bulk shortening, parallel to the overall SE-directed emplacement direction, with contractional shear strains reaching <jats:italic>c</jats:italic>. 8%; and (ii) the development of broadly emplacement direction-parallel shear zones that offset the earlier-formed shortening structures. We infer that the contractional strains basinward of the slide body formed due to cryptic basinward propagation of the basal shear zone <jats:italic>ahead</jats:italic> of, and to accommodate updip sliding and shortening associated with, the entire slide mass. Our study demonstrates the value of using 3D

Journal article

Osagiede EE, Rosenau M, Rotevatn A, Gawthorpe R, Jackson CA-L, Rudolf Met al., 2021, Influence of Zones of Pre-Existing Crustal Weakness on Strain Localization and Partitioning During Rifting: Insights From Analog Modeling Using High-Resolution 3D Digital Image Correlation, TECTONICS, Vol: 40, ISSN: 0278-7407

Journal article

Pan S, Bell RE, Jackson CA-L, Naliboff Jet al., 2021, Evolution of normal fault displacement and length as continental lithosphere stretches, BASIN RESEARCH, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

do Amarante FB, Jackson CA-L, Pichel LM, Scherer CMDS, Kuchle Jet al., 2021, Pre-salt rift morphology controls salt tectonics in the Campos Basin, offshore SE Brazil, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 2837-2861, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Steventon MJ, Jackson CA-L, Johnson HD, Hodgson DM, Kelly S, Omma J, Gopon C, Stevenson C, Fitch Pet al., 2021, Evolution of a sand-rich submarine channel-lobe system, and the impact of mass-transport and transitional-flow deposits on reservoir heterogeneity: Magnus Field, Northern North Sea, PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCE, Vol: 27, ISSN: 1354-0793

Journal article

Cumberpatch ZA, Finch E, Kane IA, Pichel LM, Jackson CA-L, Kilhams BA, Hodgson DM, Huuse Met al., 2021, Halokinetic modulation of sedimentary thickness and architecture: A numerical modelling approach, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 2572-2604, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Evans SL, Jackson CAL, Oppo D, 2021, Taking the Pulse of Salt-Detached Gravity Gliding in the Eastern Mediterranean, TECTONICS, Vol: 40, ISSN: 0278-7407

Journal article

Privat AM-LJ, Hodgson DM, Jackson CA-L, Schwarz E, Peakall Jet al., 2021, Evolution from syn-rift carbonates to early post-rift deep-marine intraslope lobes: The role of rift basin physiography on sedimentation patterns, SEDIMENTOLOGY, Vol: 68, Pages: 2563-2605, ISSN: 0037-0746

Journal article

Erdi A, Jackson CA, 2021, What controls salt‐detached contraction in the translational domain of the outer Kwanza Basin, offshore Angola?, Basin Research, Vol: 33, Pages: 1880-1905, ISSN: 0950-091X

It is now well‐established that base‐salt relief drives complex deformation patterns in the mid‐slope domain of salt‐bearing passive margins, in a location classically thought to be dominated by simple horizontal translation. However, due to a lack of detailed studies drawing on high‐quality, 3D seismic reflection data, our understanding of how base‐salt relief controls four‐dimensional patterns of salt‐related deformation in natural systems remains poor. We here use 3D seismic reflection data from, and structural restorations of the Outer Kwanza Basin, offshore Angola to examine the controls on the evolution of variably oriented salt anticlines, rollers, and walls, and related normal and reverse faults. We show that the complex geometries and kinematics of predominantly contractional salt structures reflect up to 22 km of seaward flow of salt and its overburden across prominent base‐salt relief. More specifically, this contractional deformation occurs where the seaward flow of salt is inhibited due to: (a) it flowing being forced to flow up, landward‐dipping ramps; (b) it encountering thicker, slower‐moving salt near the base of seaward‐dipping ramps; or (c) the formation of primary salt welds at the upper hinge of seaward‐dipping ramps. The rate at which salt and its overburden translates seaward varies along strike due to corresponding variations in the magnitude of base‐salt relief and, at a larger, more regional scale, primary salt thickness. As a result of these along‐strike changes in translation rate, overburden rotation accompanies bulk contraction. Our study improves our understanding of salt‐related deformation on passive margins, highlighting the key role of base‐salt relief, and showing contraction, extension and rotation are fundamental processes controlling the structural style of the mid‐slope translational domains of salt basins.

Journal article

Lathrop BA, Jackson CA-L, Bell RE, Rotevatn Aet al., 2021, Normal Fault Kinematics and the Role of Lateral Tip Retreat: An Example From Offshore NW Australia, TECTONICS, Vol: 40, ISSN: 0278-7407

Journal article

Dowey N, Barclay J, Fernando B, Giles S, Houghton J, Jackson C, Khatwa A, Lawrence A, Mills K, Newton A, Rogers S, Williams Ret al., 2021, A UK perspective on tackling the geoscience racial diversity crisis in the Global North, NATURE GEOSCIENCE, Vol: 14, Pages: 256-259, ISSN: 1752-0894

Journal article

Reeve MT, Magee C, Bastow ID, McDermott C, Jackson CA-L, Bell RE, Prytulak Jet al., 2021, Nature of the cuvier abyssal plain crust, offshore NW Australia, Journal of the Geological Society, Vol: 178, Pages: 1-17, ISSN: 0016-7649

Magnetic stripes have long been assumed to be indicative of oceanic crust. However, continental crust heavily intruded by magma can also record magnetic stripes. We re-evaluate the nature of the Cuvier Abyssal Plain (CAP), offshore NW Australia, which hosts magnetic stripes and has previously been defined as oceanic crust. We show that chemical data from a basalt within the CAP, previously described as an enriched mid-ocean ridge basalt, could equally be interpreted to contain evidence of contamination by continental material. We also recognize seaward-dipping reflector sequences in seismic reflection data across the CAP. Borehole data from overlying sedimentary rocks suggests that these seaward-dipping reflectors were emplaced in a shallow water (<200 m depth) or subaerial environment. Our results indicate that the CAP may not be unambiguous oceanic crust, but may instead consist of a spectrum of heavily intruded continental crust through to fully oceanic crust. If the CAP represents such a continent–ocean transition zone, then the adjacent unambiguous oceanic crust would be located >500 km further offshore NW Australia than currently thought. This would impact plate tectonic reconstructions, as well as heat flow and basin modelling studies. Our work also supports the growing consensus that magnetic stripes cannot, by themselves, be used to determine crustal affinity.

Journal article

Magee C, Jackson CA-L, 2021, Can we relate the surface expression of dike-induced normal faults to subsurface dike geometry?, GEOLOGY, Vol: 49, Pages: 366-371, ISSN: 0091-7613

Journal article

Tillmans F, Gawthorpe RL, Jackson CA-L, Rotevatn Aet al., 2021, Syn-rift sediment gravity flow deposition on a Late Jurassic fault-terraced slope, northern North Sea, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1844-1879, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Duffy OB, Dooley TP, Hudec MR, Fernandez N, Jackson CA-L, Soto JIet al., 2021, Principles of shortening in salt basins containing isolated minibasins, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 2089-2117, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Oppo D, Evans S, Iacopini D, Kabir SMM, Maselli V, Jackson CA-Let al., 2021, Leaky salt: Pipe trails record the history of cross-evaporite fluid escape in the northern Levant Basin, Eastern Mediterranean, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1798-1819, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Magee C, Pichel LM, Madden-Nadeau AL, Jackson CAL, Mohriak Wet al., 2021, Salt-magma interactions influence intrusion distribution and salt tectonics in the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1820-1843, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Wu N, Jackson CA-L, Johnson HD, Hodgson DM, Clare MA, Nugraha HD, Li Wet al., 2021, The formation and implications of giant blocks and fluid escape structures in submarine lateral spreads, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1711-1730, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Jackson CA-L, McAndrew AE, Hodgson DM, Dreyer Tet al., 2021, REPEATED DEGRADATION AND PROGRADATION OF A SUBMARINE SLOPE OVER GEOLOGICAL TIMESCALES, JOURNAL OF SEDIMENTARY RESEARCH, Vol: 91, Pages: 116-145, ISSN: 1527-1404

Journal article

Norcliffe J, Magee C, Jackson CAL, Kopping J, Lathrop Bet al., 2021, Fault inversion contributes to ground deformation above inflating igneous sills, Volcanica, Vol: 4, Pages: 1-21

Space for magma is commonly generated by uplift of the overburden and free surface. If this deformation is elastic, we can invert the shape and kinematics of ground movement to model the geometry and dynamics of underlying intrusions. However, magma emplacement can be spatially accommodated by viscoelastic and/or plastic host rock deformation, although few studies have quantified the contributions of these processes. We restore ground deformation above a sill, imaged in 3D seismic reflection data, and show that: (i) where uplift equalled sill thickness, host rock bending accommodated intrusion; but (ii) where sill thickness exceeded uplift, normal fault inversion and overburden compaction generated space for intrusion. Our results support work showing intrusion-induced ground deformation may be restricted if multiple deformation processes accompany emplacement. We also demonstrate intrusion-induced uplift can drive fault inversion, meaning the present pattern of displacement on the faults surface may not reflect its tectonic growth history.

Journal article

Cumberpatch ZA, Kane IA, Soutter EL, Hodgson DM, Jackson CA-L, Kilhams BA, Poprawski Yet al., 2021, INTERACTIONS BETWEEN DEEP-WATER GRAVITY FLOWS AND ACTIVE SALT TECTONICS, JOURNAL OF SEDIMENTARY RESEARCH, Vol: 91, Pages: 34-65, ISSN: 1527-1404

Journal article

Chiarella D, Yarbrough J, Jackson CA-L, 2020, Using alt text to make science Twitter more accessible for people with visual impairments, NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, Vol: 11, ISSN: 2041-1723

Journal article

Fazlikhani H, Aagotnes SS, Refvem MA, Hamilton-Wright J, Bell RE, Fossen H, Gawthorpe RL, Jackson CA-L, Rotevatn Aet al., 2020, Strain migration during multiphase extension, Stord Basin, northern North Sea rift, Basin Research, Vol: 33, Pages: 1474-1496, ISSN: 0950-091X

In regions experiencing multiple phases of extension, rift-related strain can vary along and across the basin during and between each phase, and the location of maximum extension can differ between the rift phase. Despite having a general understanding of multiphase rift kinematics, it remains unclear why the rift axis migrates between extension episodes. The role pre-existing structures play in influencing fault and basin geometries during later rifting events is also poorly understood. We study the Stord Basin, northern North Sea, a location characterised by strain migration between two rift episodes. To reveal and quantify the rift kinematics, we interpreted a dense grid of 2D seismic reflection profiles, produced time-structure and isochore (thickness) maps, collected quantitative fault kinematic data and calculated the amount of extension (β-factor). Our results show that the locations of basin-bounding fault systems were controlled by pre-existing crustal-scale shear zones. Within the basin, Permo-Triassic Rift Phase 1 (RP1) faults mainly developed orthogonal to the E-W extension direction. Rift faults control the locus of syn-RP1 deposition, whilst during the inter-rift stage, areas of clastic wedge progradation are more important in controlling sediment thickness trends. The calculated amount of RP1 extension (β-factor) for the Stord Basin is up to β = 1.55 (±10%, 55% extension). During the subsequent Middle Jurassic-Early Cretaceous Rift Phase 2 (RP2), however, strain localised to the west along the present axis of the South Viking Graben, with the Stord Basin being almost completely abandoned. Rift axis migration during RP2 is interpreted to be related to changes in lithospheric strength profile, possibly related to the ultraslow extension (<1 mm/year during RP1), the long period of tectonic quiescence (ca. 50 myr) between RP1 and RP2 and possible underplating. Our results highlight the very heterogeneous nature of temporal and lat

Journal article

Pichel LM, Jackson CA-L, 2020, The enigma of the Albian Gap: spatial variability and the competition between salt expulsion and extension, JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol: 177, Pages: 1129-1148, ISSN: 0016-7649

Journal article

Nugraha HD, Jackson CA-L, Johnson HD, Hodgson DMet al., 2020, Lateral variability in strain along the toewall of a mass transport deposit: a case study from the Makassar Strait, offshore Indonesia, JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, Vol: 177, Pages: 1261-1279, ISSN: 0016-7649

Journal article

Steventon MJ, Jackson CA-L, Hodgson DM, Johnson HDet al., 2020, LATERAL VARIABILITY OF SHELF-EDGE AND BASIN-FLOOR DEPOSITS, SANTOS BASIN, OFFSHORE BRAZIL, JOURNAL OF SEDIMENTARY RESEARCH, Vol: 90, Pages: 1198-1221, ISSN: 1527-1404

Journal article

Barrett BJ, Hodgson DM, Jackson CA-L, Lloyd C, Casagrande J, Collier RELet al., 2020, Quantitative analysis of a footwall-scarp degradation complex and syn-rift stratigraphic architecture, Exmouth Plateau, NW Shelf, offshore Australia, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1135-1169, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Howlett DM, Gawthorpe RL, Ge Z, Rotevatn A, Jackson CA-Let al., 2020, Turbidites, topography and tectonics: Evolution of submarine channel-lobe systems in the salt-influenced Kwanza Basin, offshore Angola, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1076-1110, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

This data is extracted from the Web of Science and reproduced under a licence from Thomson Reuters. You may not copy or re-distribute this data in whole or in part without the written consent of the Science business of Thomson Reuters.

Request URL: http://wlsprd.imperial.ac.uk:80/respub/WEB-INF/jsp/search-html.jsp Request URI: /respub/WEB-INF/jsp/search-html.jsp Query String: respub-action=search.html&id=00426946&limit=30&person=true