Imperial College London

Professor Christopher Jackson

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Visiting Professor
 
 
 
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Contact

 

c.jackson Website

 
 
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Location

 

1.46ARoyal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

372 results found

Erdi A, Jackson CA-L, 2022, Salt-Detached Strike-Slip Faulting, Outer Kwanza Basin, Offshore Angola, TECTONICS, Vol: 41, ISSN: 0278-7407

Journal article

Zhang Y, Jackson C, Zahasky C, Nadhira A, Krevor Set al., 2022, European carbon storage resource requirements of climate change mitigation targets, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROL, Vol: 114, ISSN: 1750-5836

Journal article

Dobb EM, Magee C, Jackson CA-L, Lathrop B, Köpping Jet al., 2022, Impact of igneous intrusion and associated ground deformation on the stratigraphic record, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Vol: 525, ISSN: 0305-8719

Journal article

Redpath D, Jackson CA, Bell RE, 2022, Mechanical stratigrpahy controls normal fault growth and dimensions, outer Kwanza basin, offshore Angola, Tectonics, Vol: 41, ISSN: 0278-7407

Mechanical stratigraphy controls the growth patterns and dimensions of relatively small normal faults, yet how it influences the development of much larger structures remains unclear. Here, we use 3D seismic reflection data from the Outer Kwanza Basin, offshore Angola to constrain the geometry and kinematics of several normal faults formed in a deep-water clastic succession. The faults are up to 6.3-km long and 1.9-km tall and have up to 44 m of throw. Aspect ratios and lower-tip throw gradients are greater for faults that terminate downward at a c. 100 m thick, mass-transport complex (MTC; up to 5.2 and 0.12) than for those that offset it (up to 2.7 and 0.01). Faults that offset the MTC invariably have >30 m of throw. Based on their geometric properties and throw patterns, we interpret that the faults nucleated above the MTC and propagated down toward it. Upon encountering this unit, which we infer behaved in a more ductile manner than encasing strata, tip propagation was halted until tip stresses were sufficiently high (corresponding to minimum throw of c. 30 m) to breach it. Faults with smaller throw were unable to breach the MTC. We argue that using only geometric criteria to determine fault growth patterns can mask the significant control mechanical stratigraphy has on fault kinematics. Mechanical stratigraphy is therefore a key control on the growth of large, seismic-scale normal faults, in a similar way to that observed for far smaller structures

Journal article

Reeve MT, Magee C, Jackson CA-L, Bell RE, Bastow IDet al., 2022, Stratigraphic record of continental breakup, offshore NW Australia, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 34, Pages: 1220-1243, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Alghuraybi A, Bell RE, Jackson CA-L, 2021, The geometric and temporal evolution of fault-related folds constrain normal fault growth patterns, Barents Sea, offshore Norway, Basin Research, Vol: 34, ISSN: 0950-091X

Extensional growth folds form ahead of the tips of propagating normal faults. These folds can accommodate a considerable amount of extensional strain and they may control rift geometry. Fold-related surface deformation may also control the sedimentary evolution of syn-rift depositional systems. Thus, by examining the stratigraphic record, we can constrain the four-dimensional evolution of extensional growth folds, which in turn provides a record of fault growth and broader rift history. Here, we use high-quality 3D seismic reflection and borehole data from the SW Barents Sea, offshore northern Norway to determine the geometric and temporal evolution of extensional growth folds associated with a large, long-lived, basement-rooted fault. We show that the fault grew via the linkage of four segments, and that fault growth was associated with the formation of fault-parallel and fault-perpendicular folds that accommodated a substantial portion (10%–40%) of the total extensional strain. Several periods of fault-propagation folding occurred in response to the periodic burial of the fault, with individual folding events (ca. 25 and 32 Myr) lasting a considered part of the ca. 130 Myr rift period. Our study supports previous suggestions that continuous (i.e. folding) as well as discontinuous (i.e. faulting) deformation must be explicitly considered when assessing total strain in an extensional setting. We also show that changes in the architecture of growth strata record alternating periods of folding and faulting and that the margins of rift-related depocentres may be characterised by basinward-dipping monoclines as opposed to fault-bound scarps. Our findings have broader implications for our understanding of the structural, physiographic and tectonostratigraphic evolution of rift basins.

Journal article

Martinez-Donate A, Privat AM-LJ, Hodgson DM, Jackson CA-L, Kane IA, Spychala YT, Duller RA, Stevenson C, Keavney E, Schwarz E, Flint SSet al., 2021, Substrate Entrainment, Depositional Relief, and Sediment Capture: Impact of a Submarine Landslide on Flow Process and Sediment Supply, FRONTIERS IN EARTH SCIENCE, Vol: 9

Journal article

Evans SL, Jackson CA-L, 2021, Intra-salt structure and strain partitioning in layered evaporites: implications for drilling through Messinian salt in the eastern Mediterranean, PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCE, Vol: 27, ISSN: 1354-0793

Journal article

Osagiede EE, Rosenau M, Rotevatn A, Gawthorpe R, Jackson CA-L, Rudolf Met al., 2021, Influence of Zones of Pre-Existing Crustal Weakness on Strain Localization and Partitioning During Rifting: Insights From Analog Modeling Using High-Resolution 3D Digital Image Correlation, TECTONICS, Vol: 40, ISSN: 0278-7407

Journal article

Pichel LM, Jackson CA-L, Peel F, Ferrer Oet al., 2021, The Merluza Graben: How a Failed Spreading Center Influenced Margin Structure, and Salt Deposition and Tectonics in the Santos Basin, Brazil, TECTONICS, Vol: 40, ISSN: 0278-7407

Journal article

Pan S, Bell RE, Jackson CA-L, Naliboff Jet al., 2021, Evolution of normal fault displacement and length as continental lithosphere stretches, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 34, Pages: 121-140, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Elliott GM, Jackson CA-L, Gawthorpe RL, Wilson P, Sharp IR, Michelsen Let al., 2021, Tectono-stratigraphic development of a salt-influenced rift margin: Halten Terrace, offshore Mid-Norway, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 3295-3320, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

do Amarante FB, Jackson CA-L, Pichel LM, Scherer CMDS, Kuchle Jet al., 2021, Pre-salt rift morphology controls salt tectonics in the Campos Basin, offshore SE Brazil, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 2837-2861, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Kolawole F, Phillips TB, Atekwana EA, Jackson CA-Let al., 2021, Structural Inheritance Controls Strain Distribution During Early Continental Rifting, Rukwa Rift, FRONTIERS IN EARTH SCIENCE, Vol: 9

Journal article

Steventon MJ, Jackson CA-L, Johnson HD, Hodgson DM, Kelly S, Omma J, Gopon C, Stevenson C, Fitch Pet al., 2021, Evolution of a sand-rich submarine channel-lobe system, and the impact of mass-transport and transitional-flow deposits on reservoir heterogeneity: Magnus Field, Northern North Sea, PETROLEUM GEOSCIENCE, Vol: 27, ISSN: 1354-0793

Journal article

Cumberpatch ZA, Finch E, Kane IA, Pichel LM, Jackson CA-L, Kilhams BA, Hodgson DM, Huuse Met al., 2021, Halokinetic modulation of sedimentary thickness and architecture: A numerical modelling approach, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 2572-2604, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Evans SL, Jackson CAL, Oppo D, 2021, Taking the Pulse of Salt-Detached Gravity Gliding in the Eastern Mediterranean, TECTONICS, Vol: 40, ISSN: 0278-7407

Journal article

Privat AM-LJ, Hodgson DM, Jackson CA-L, Schwarz E, Peakall Jet al., 2021, Evolution from syn-rift carbonates to early post-rift deep-marine intraslope lobes: The role of rift basin physiography on sedimentation patterns, SEDIMENTOLOGY, Vol: 68, Pages: 2563-2605, ISSN: 0037-0746

Journal article

Erdi A, Jackson CA, 2021, What controls salt‐detached contraction in the translational domain of the outer Kwanza Basin, offshore Angola?, Basin Research, Vol: 33, Pages: 1880-1905, ISSN: 0950-091X

It is now well‐established that base‐salt relief drives complex deformation patterns in the mid‐slope domain of salt‐bearing passive margins, in a location classically thought to be dominated by simple horizontal translation. However, due to a lack of detailed studies drawing on high‐quality, 3D seismic reflection data, our understanding of how base‐salt relief controls four‐dimensional patterns of salt‐related deformation in natural systems remains poor. We here use 3D seismic reflection data from, and structural restorations of the Outer Kwanza Basin, offshore Angola to examine the controls on the evolution of variably oriented salt anticlines, rollers, and walls, and related normal and reverse faults. We show that the complex geometries and kinematics of predominantly contractional salt structures reflect up to 22 km of seaward flow of salt and its overburden across prominent base‐salt relief. More specifically, this contractional deformation occurs where the seaward flow of salt is inhibited due to: (a) it flowing being forced to flow up, landward‐dipping ramps; (b) it encountering thicker, slower‐moving salt near the base of seaward‐dipping ramps; or (c) the formation of primary salt welds at the upper hinge of seaward‐dipping ramps. The rate at which salt and its overburden translates seaward varies along strike due to corresponding variations in the magnitude of base‐salt relief and, at a larger, more regional scale, primary salt thickness. As a result of these along‐strike changes in translation rate, overburden rotation accompanies bulk contraction. Our study improves our understanding of salt‐related deformation on passive margins, highlighting the key role of base‐salt relief, and showing contraction, extension and rotation are fundamental processes controlling the structural style of the mid‐slope translational domains of salt basins.

Journal article

Lathrop BA, Jackson CA-L, Bell RE, Rotevatn Aet al., 2021, Normal Fault Kinematics and the Role of Lateral Tip Retreat: An Example From Offshore NW Australia, TECTONICS, Vol: 40, ISSN: 0278-7407

Journal article

Dowey N, Barclay J, Fernando B, Giles S, Houghton J, Jackson C, Khatwa A, Lawrence A, Mills K, Newton A, Rogers S, Williams Ret al., 2021, A UK perspective on tackling the geoscience racial diversity crisis in the Global North, NATURE GEOSCIENCE, Vol: 14, Pages: 256-259, ISSN: 1752-0894

Journal article

Reeve MT, Magee C, Bastow ID, McDermott C, Jackson CA-L, Bell RE, Prytulak Jet al., 2021, Nature of the cuvier abyssal plain crust, offshore NW Australia, Journal of the Geological Society, Vol: 178, Pages: 1-17, ISSN: 0016-7649

Magnetic stripes have long been assumed to be indicative of oceanic crust. However, continental crust heavily intruded by magma can also record magnetic stripes. We re-evaluate the nature of the Cuvier Abyssal Plain (CAP), offshore NW Australia, which hosts magnetic stripes and has previously been defined as oceanic crust. We show that chemical data from a basalt within the CAP, previously described as an enriched mid-ocean ridge basalt, could equally be interpreted to contain evidence of contamination by continental material. We also recognize seaward-dipping reflector sequences in seismic reflection data across the CAP. Borehole data from overlying sedimentary rocks suggests that these seaward-dipping reflectors were emplaced in a shallow water (<200 m depth) or subaerial environment. Our results indicate that the CAP may not be unambiguous oceanic crust, but may instead consist of a spectrum of heavily intruded continental crust through to fully oceanic crust. If the CAP represents such a continent–ocean transition zone, then the adjacent unambiguous oceanic crust would be located >500 km further offshore NW Australia than currently thought. This would impact plate tectonic reconstructions, as well as heat flow and basin modelling studies. Our work also supports the growing consensus that magnetic stripes cannot, by themselves, be used to determine crustal affinity.

Journal article

Magee C, Jackson CA-L, 2021, Can we relate the surface expression of dike-induced normal faults to subsurface dike geometry?, GEOLOGY, Vol: 49, Pages: 366-371, ISSN: 0091-7613

Journal article

Tillmans F, Gawthorpe RL, Jackson CA-L, Rotevatn Aet al., 2021, Syn-rift sediment gravity flow deposition on a Late Jurassic fault-terraced slope, northern North Sea, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1844-1879, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Duffy OB, Dooley TP, Hudec MR, Fernandez N, Jackson CA-L, Soto JIet al., 2021, Principles of shortening in salt basins containing isolated minibasins, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 2089-2117, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Oppo D, Evans S, Iacopini D, Kabir SMM, Maselli V, Jackson CA-Let al., 2021, Leaky salt: Pipe trails record the history of cross-evaporite fluid escape in the northern Levant Basin, Eastern Mediterranean, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1798-1819, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Magee C, Pichel LM, Madden-Nadeau AL, Jackson CAL, Mohriak Wet al., 2021, Salt-magma interactions influence intrusion distribution and salt tectonics in the Santos Basin, offshore Brazil, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1820-1843, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

Wu N, Jackson CA-L, Johnson HD, Hodgson DM, Clare MA, Nugraha HD, Li Wet al., 2021, The formation and implications of giant blocks and fluid escape structures in submarine lateral spreads, BASIN RESEARCH, Vol: 33, Pages: 1711-1730, ISSN: 0950-091X

Journal article

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