Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Chemical Engineering

Professor of Clean Energy Technologies



+44 (0)20 7594 1601c.markides Website




404ACE ExtensionSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Ramos, Cabal A and Guarracino, I and Mellor, A and Alonso, Álvarez D and Childs, P and Ekins, Daukes N and Markides, CN},
doi = {10.13140/RG.2.2.10473.29280},
publisher = {Grantham Institute, Imperial College London},
title = {Solar-Thermal and Hybrid Photovoltaic-Thermal Systems for Renewable Heating},
url = {},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Headlines Heat constitutes about half of total global energy demand. Solar heat offers key advantages over other renewable sources for meeting this demand through distributed, integrated systems. Solar heat is a mature sustainable energy technology capable of mass deployment. There is significant scope for increasing the installed solar heat capacity in Europe. Only a few European countries are close to reaching the EU target of 1 m2 of solar-thermal installations per person. One key challenge for the further development of the solar-thermal market arises from issues related to the intermittency of the solar resource, and the requirement for storage and/or backup systems. The former increases investment costs and limits adaptability. An analysis of EU countries with good market development, suggests that obligation schemes are the best policy option for maximising installations. These do not present a direct cost to the public budget, and determine the growth of the local industry in the long term. Solar-thermal collectors can be combined with photovoltaic (PV) modules to produce hybrid PV-thermal (PV-T) collectors. These can deliver both heat and electricity simultaneously from the same installed area and at a higher overall efficiency compared to individual solar-thermal and PV panels installed separately. Hybrid PV-T technology provides a particularly promising solution when roof space is limited or when heat and electricity are required at the same time.
AU - Ramos,Cabal A
AU - Guarracino,I
AU - Mellor,A
AU - Alonso,Álvarez D
AU - Childs,P
AU - Ekins,Daukes N
AU - Markides,CN
DO - 10.13140/RG.2.2.10473.29280
PB - Grantham Institute, Imperial College London
PY - 2017///
TI - Solar-Thermal and Hybrid Photovoltaic-Thermal Systems for Renewable Heating
UR -
UR -
UR -
ER -