99 results found
Szypicyn J, Papavassiliou C, Papandroulidakis G, et al., 2020, Memristor-enabled reconfigurable integrated circuits
© 2020 IEEE. The holy grail of analogue integrated circuit design is adjustable analogue delay element. Of course, all analogue circuits are filters. Internal delays impose overall low-pass character to all circuits so that broadband amplifiers are lowpass filters, while high-pass amplifiers are in fact band-pass filters.
Inductor coils are integrated in many wearable garments for EM wave screening, heating and health monitoring. This paper presents a critical evaluation of the inductor characteristics of circular weft knitted coils for applications in e-textiles. Inductors are knitted using circular needles with thin insulated metal wire and yarn knitted together. The resulting helical coils are characterized as a function of number of turns, coil diameter, needle size, and insulated metal wire material. The results are compared to wound coils. Simulations of the knitted and wound coils show close agreement with the experimental results and confirm a higher inductance for the knits compared to the wound coils with the same pitch between turns. The parasitic coil capacitance is higher in the knit due to the vertical legs of the stitches, absent in wound coils. Knits with thin Cu and Litz wires result in flexible and wearable textile coils.
Zhang L, Zhang L, Liu S, et al., 2019, Low-level control technology of micro autonomous underwater vehicle based on intelligent computing, CLUSTER COMPUTING-THE JOURNAL OF NETWORKS SOFTWARE TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS, Vol: 22, Pages: S8569-S8580, ISSN: 1386-7857
Zhang L, Zhang L, Papavassiliou C, et al., 2018, Intelligent Computing for Extended Kalman Filtering SOC Algorithm of Lithium-Ion Battery, WIRELESS PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS, Vol: 102, Pages: 2063-2076, ISSN: 0929-6212
Zhang L, Liu Z, Papavassiliou C, et al., 2018, Formation path control method for group coordination based on fuzzy logic control method, CLUSTER COMPUTING-THE JOURNAL OF NETWORKS SOFTWARE TOOLS AND APPLICATIONS, Vol: 21, Pages: 855-868, ISSN: 1386-7857
Zhang L, Zhang L, Wang B, et al., 2018, Hybrid Prediction Method for the Electromagnetic Interference Characteristics of Printed Circuit Boards Based on the Equivalent Dipole Model and the Finite-Difference Time Domain Method, IEEE ACCESS, Vol: 6, Pages: 6520-6529, ISSN: 2169-3536
In this paper, we propose a hybrid modeling method for analyzing the electromagnetic compatibility characteristics of printed circuit boards (PCBs). The method uses an equivalent magnetic dipole array deduced from near-field scanning results obtained at a certain height over the PCB surface under test and the finite-difference time domain (FDTD) algorithm. The array of dipoles can simulate the PCB electromagnetic emissions, including the ground plane effect at a particular high frequency; the equivalent dipole array can then be imported into the FDTD calculation space for calculating the electromagnetic fields generated by the dipole array. In our experiment, we obtained the tangential magnetic field distribution of the PCB surface using near-field scanning, from where the tangential magnetic field component, orientation, and the magnitude and phase of the dipoles could be deduced. We used the proposed method to model two different modules on a highly integrated circuit. The results of the proposed method and those obtained by near-field scanning are nearly the same, which demonstrates the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed method. We therefore conclude that the proposed modeling approach presents a new technique for studying the electromagnetic interference of PCBs.
von Rosenberg W, Chanwimalueang T, Goverdovsky V, et al., 2017, Hearables: feasibility of recording cardiac rhythms from head and in-ear locations, Royal Society Open Science, Vol: 4, ISSN: 2054-5703
Mobile technologies for the recording of vital signs and neural signals are envisaged to underpin the operation of future health services. For practical purposes, unobtrusive devices are favoured, such as those embedded in a helmet or incorporated onto an earplug. However, these locations have so far been underexplored, as the comparably narrow neck impedes the propagation of vital signals from the torso to the head surface. To establish the principles behind electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings from head and ear locations, we first introduce a realistic three-dimensional biophysics model for the propagation of cardiac electric potentials to the head surface, which demonstrates the feasibility of head-ECG recordings. Next, the proposed biophysics propagation model is verified over comprehensive real-world experiments based on head- and in-ear-ECG measurements. It is shown both that the proposed model is an excellent match for the recordings, and that the quality of head- and ear-ECG is sufficient for a reliable identification of the timing and shape of the characteristic P-, Q-, R-, S- and T-waves within the cardiac cycle. This opens up a range of new possibilities in the identification and management of heart conditions, such as myocardial infarction and atrial fibrillation, based on 24/7 continuous in-ear measurements. The study therefore paves the way for the incorporation of the cardiac modality into future ‘hearables’, unobtrusive devices for health monitoring.
Zhang L, Zhang L, Liu S, et al., 2017, Three-Dimensional Underwater Path Planning Based on Modified Wolf Pack Algorithm, IEEE ACCESS, Vol: 5, Pages: 22783-22795, ISSN: 2169-3536
Goverdovsky V, von Rosenberg W, Nakamura T, et al., 2017, Hearables: multimodal physiological in-ear sensing, Scientific Reports, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2045-2322
Future health systems require the means to assess and track the neural and physiological function of a user over long periods of time, and in the community. Human body responses are manifested through multiple, interacting modalities – the mechanical, electrical and chemical; yet, current physiological monitors (e.g. actigraphy, heart rate) largely lack in cross-modal ability, are inconvenient and/or stigmatizing. We address these challenges through an inconspicuous earpiece, which benefits from the relatively stable position of the ear canal with respect to vital organs. Equipped with miniature multimodal sensors, it robustly measures the brain, cardiac and respiratory functions. Comprehensive experiments validate each modality within the proposed earpiece, while its potential in wearable health monitoring is illustrated through case studies spanning these three functions. We further demonstrate how combining data from multiple sensors within such an integrated wearable device improves both the accuracy of measurements and the ability to deal with artifacts in real-world scenarios.
Serb A, Papavassiliou C, Prodromakis T, 2017, A memristor-CMOS hybrid architecture concept for on-line template matching, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 2651-2654, ISSN: 0271-4302
Berdan R, papavassiliou C, Khiat A, et al., 2016, Live demonstration: characterization of RRAM crossbar arrays at a click of a button, 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 1443-1443
We demonstrate a desktop platform which has the ability of fully characterizing RRAM crossbar arrays while not compromising on ease-of-use. The setup consists of our bespoke PCB system connected to a local PC (laptop), on which a Pyhton interface allows the user to directly interact with individual RRAM cells packaged in either crossbar or stand-alone configurations. The platform is capable of current-compliant forming among other exotic pulsing schemes, used for exposing IV and switching characteristics or utilising the devices for a wide range of applications. These operations can be applied on one, or several cells, in an automated fashion, drastically accelerating data acquisition.
Seimeni MA, Gkonis PK, Kaklamiani DI, et al., 2016, Resource management in OFDMA heterogeneous network, 2016 Wireless Telecommunications Symposium (WTS), Publisher: IEEE
In this study, a Long Term Evolution Advanced (LTEa) ??? based multi-user Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) heterogeneous network has been simulated and a resource allocation strategy has been proposed. The strategy under consideration can inherently mitigate electromagnetic interference, hence increases the mean number of terminals, and requires no channel state information (CSI). To evaluate the performance of the network platform and the proposed strategy, the system is studied for different network orientations. According to the results, the platform is a good reality simulator, whereas owning to the proposed Radio Resource Management (RRM) algorithm the mean capacity can reach a 12-fold increase especially for highly noisy operating environments.
Goverdovsky V, Yates DC, Willerton M, et al., 2016, Modular Software-Defined Radio Testbed for Rapid Prototyping of Localization Algorithms, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol: 65, Pages: 1577-1584, ISSN: 1557-9662
A fully synchronized modular multichannel software-defined radio (SDR) testbed has been developed for the rapid prototyping and evaluation of array processing algorithms. Based on multiple universal software radio peripherals, this testbed is low cost, wideband, and highly reconfigurable. The testbed can be used to develop new techniques and algorithms in a variety of areas including, but not limited to, direction finding, source triangulation, and wireless sensor networks. A combination of hardware and software techniques is presented, which is shown to successfully remove the inherent phase and frequency uncertainties that exist between the individual SDR peripherals. The adequacy of the developed techniques is demonstrated through the application of the testbed to super-resolution direction finding algorithms, which rely on accurate phase synchronization.
Serb A, Redman-White W, Papavassiliou C, et al., 2015, Practical Determination of Individual Element Resistive States in Selectorless RRAM Arrays, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, Vol: 63, Pages: 827-835, ISSN: 1549-8328
Three distinct methods of reading multi-level cross-point resistive states from selector-less RRAM arrays are implemented in a physical system and compared for read-out accuracy. They are: the standard, direct measurement method and two methods that attempt to enhance accuracy by computing cross-point resistance on the basis of multiple measurements. Results indicate that the standard method performs as well as or better than its competitors. SPICE simulations are then performed with controlled amounts of non-idealities introduced in the system in order to test whether any technique offers particular resilience against typical practical imperfections such as crossbar line resistance. We conclude that even though certain non-idealities are shown to be minimized by different circuit-level read-out strategies, line resistance within the crossbar remains an outstanding challenge.
Berdan R, Serb A, Khiat A, et al., 2015, A mu-Controller-Based System for Interfacing Selectorless RRAM Crossbar Arrays, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol: 62, Pages: 2190-2196, ISSN: 1557-9646
Selectorless crossbar arrays of resistive randomaccessmemory (RRAM), also known as memristors, conductlarge sneak currents during operation, which can significantlycorrupt the accuracy of cross-point analog resistance (Mt)measurements. In order to mitigate this issue, we havedesigned, built, and tested a memristor characterization andtesting (mCAT) instrument that forces redistribution of sneakcurrents within the crossbar array, dramatically increasing Mtmeasurement accuracy. We calibrated the mCAT using acustom-made 32 × 32 discrete resistive crossbar array, and subsequentlydemonstrated its functionality on solid-state TiO2−xRRAM arrays, on wafer and packaged, of the same size. Ourplatform can measure standalone Mt in the range of 1 kto 1 M with <1% error. For our custom resistive crossbar,90% of devices of the same resistance range were measuredwith <10% error. The platform’s limitations have been quantifiedusing large-scale nonideal crossbar simulations.
Serb A, Redman-White W, Papavassiliou C, et al., 2015, Limitations and precision requirements for read-out of passive, linear, selectorless RRAM arrays, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 189-192, ISSN: 0271-4302
Goverdovsky V, Looney D, Kidmose P, et al., 2015, Co-Located Multimodal Sensing: A Next Generation Solution for Wearable Health, IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, Vol: 15, Pages: 138-145, ISSN: 1530-437X
Salaoru I, Khiat A, Li Q, et al., 2014, Origin of the OFF state variability in ReRAM cells, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D-APPLIED PHYSICS, Vol: 47, ISSN: 0022-3727
Li Q, Khiat A, Salaoru I, et al., 2014, Memory Impedance in TiO2 based Metal-Insulator-Metal Devices, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol: 4, ISSN: 2045-2322
Berdan R, Khiat A, Papavassiliou C, et al., 2014, Qualitative SPICE modeling accounting for volatile dynamics of TiO2 memristors, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 2033-2036, ISSN: 0271-4302
Wizenberg R, Khiat A, Berdan R, et al., 2014, Applications of Solid-State Memristors in Tunable Filters, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 2269-2272, ISSN: 0271-4302
Serb A, Berdan R, Khiat A, et al., 2014, Memristors as synapse emulators in the context of event-based computation, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 2085-2088, ISSN: 0271-4302
Berdan R, Lim C, Khiat A, et al., 2014, A Memristor SPICE Model Accounting for Volatile Characteristics of Practical ReRAM, IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, Vol: 35, Pages: 135-137, ISSN: 0741-3106
Serb A, Berdan R, Khiat A, et al., 2014, Live demonstration: A versatile, low-cost platform for testing large ReRAM cross-bar arrays., IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 441-441, ISSN: 0271-4302
Chen W, Papavassiliou C, 2013, Asynchronous sigma-delta modulator with noise shaping, ELECTRONICS LETTERS, Vol: 49, Pages: 1520-1521, ISSN: 0013-5194
Goverdovsky V, Yates D, Papavassiliou C, 2013, Ultra-low power transmitter trade-offs for super-resolution tracking of rodents, IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks (WiSNet), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 37-39, ISSN: 2330-7900
Chen W, Papavassiliou C, 2013, A New Decoding Solution for the Asynchronous Sigma Delta Modulator, 9th Conference on Ph D Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 49-52
Chen W, Papavassiliou C, 2013, A Low Power 10-bit Time-to-Digital Converter Utilizing Vernier Delay Lines, UKSim-AMSS 15th International Conference on Computer Modelling and Simulation (UKSim), Publisher: IEEE, Pages: 774-779
Prodromakis T, Peh BP, Papavassiliou C, et al., 2011, A Versatile Memristor Model With Non-linear Dopant Kinetics, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, Vol: 58, Pages: 3099-3105, ISSN: 0018-9383
Prodromakis T, Konstantinidis G, Papavassiliou C, et al., 2010, Interfacial polarisation on gallium arsenide membranes, Micro & Nano Letters, IET, Vol: 5, Pages: 178-180, ISSN: 1750-0443
An investigation on the dielectric properties of gallium arsenide membranes is presented. Particularly, the authors exploit the interfacial polarisation effect of microstrip and coplanar transmission lines on multilayered membrane structures. Such structures are in favour with the Maxwell-Wagner polarisation, which can be used for resembling the dielectric characteristics of high-k materials. The authors demonstrate a technique for attaining large slowing factors while the corresponding dielectric losses are significantly reduced.
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