Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesCentre for Environmental Policy

Senior Lecturer



+44 (0)20 7594 9339caroline.howe




205Weeks BuildingSouth Kensington Campus





Caroline is a Senior Lecturer in Environmental Social Science. Her research is highly interdisciplinary and focuses on exploring the relationship between people and nature and how these relationships influence the outcome and success of sustainable development policies through the underpinning interactions between biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human well-being. She is a Lead Author on the IPBES (Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) Nexus Assessment 2022-24 and a Contributing Author on the Global Assessment on Ecosystem Services 2017-2018, as well as a co-author for the ESPA (Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation) textbook on Ecosystem Services and Human Wellbeing: Trade-Offs and Governance and an invited speaker at the UN on Mainstreaming Biodiversity in the Context of Human Security and Well-being. She has lead a GCRF British Academy Sustainable Development Programme exploring the role the concepts of dignity and heritage play in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Tanzanian Pastoralist communities.

Caroline is leading the M.O.U. between Imperial College and the United Nations Environmental Management Group (UNEMG), which focuses on the role that Imperial College can play in providing scientific support to the UN on issues surrounding biodiversity and human well-being and the SDGs, and the role of the UN EMG in facilitating the implementation of policy outcomes from Imperial College research. Caroline has also participated in the Manchester Soapbox Science Event, a public engagement event aimed at raising the profile of women in science. In 2019, she Chaired the Athena SWAN Committee within CEP and lead a successful application for a Bronze Award, She is also a member of the Imperial College FoNS Diversity and Equality Committee. In her teaching roles she is the Deputy Director of the the MSc in Environmental Technology. She currently supervises 8 PhD students.

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Crees JJ, Collins AC, Stephenson PJ, et al., 2016, A comparative approach to assess drivers of success in mammalian conservation recovery programs, Conservation Biology, Vol:30, ISSN:0888-8892, Pages:694-705

Milner-Gulland EJ, Sainsbury K, Burgess N, et al., 2015, Exploring stakeholder perceptions of conservation outcomes from alternative income generating activities in Tanzanian villages adjacent to Eastern Arc mountain forests., Biological Conservation, Vol:191, ISSN:0006-3207, Pages:20-28

Howe C, Suich H, Vira B, et al., 2014, Creating win-wins from trade-offs? Ecosystem services for human well-being: A meta-analysis of ecosystem service trade-offs and synergies in the real world, Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions, Vol:28, ISSN:0959-3780, Pages:263-275

Howe C, Suich H, van Gardingen P, et al., 2013, Elucidating the pathways between climate change, ecosystem services and poverty alleviation, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol:5, ISSN:1877-3435, Pages:102-107

Damerell P, Howe C, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2013, Child-orientated environmental education influences adult knowledge and household behaviour, Environmental Research Letters, Vol:8, ISSN:1748-9326, Pages:1-7

Howe C, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2013, Response to Cunningham, S. and King, L. (2013), Animal Conservation, Vol:16, Pages:139-140

Howe C, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2012, The view from the office is not all bad: Conservation evaluation as a ’sexy’ research goal, Animal Conservation, Vol:15, ISSN:1367-9430, Pages:231-232

Howe C, Obgenova O, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2012, Evaluating the effectiveness of a public awareness campaign as a conservation intervention: The saiga antelope Saiga tatarica in Kalmykia, Russia, Oryx, Vol:46, Pages:269-277

Howe C, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2012, Evaluating indices of conservation success: A comparative analysis of outcome- and output-based indices, Animal Conservation, Vol:15, ISSN:1367-9430, Pages:217-226

Howe C, Medzhidov R, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2011, Evaluating the relative effectiveness of alternative conservation interventions in influencing stated behavioural intentions: The saiga antelope in Kalmykia (Russia), Environmental Conservation, Vol:38, Pages:37-44

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