2 results found
Kacperczyk MT, Pagnotta E, 2019, Chasing Private Information, The Review of Financial Studies, Vol: 32, Pages: 4997-5047, ISSN: 0893-9454
Using over 5000 equity and option trades unequivocally based on nonpublic information about firm fundamentals, we find that commonly used asymmetric information proxies (AIPs) display abnormal values on days with informed trading. Volatility and trading volume are abnormally high, whereas illiquidity is low, both in equity and option markets. Daily returns reflect the sign of private signals but, on average, bid–ask spreads are 10% and 20% lower when informed investors are present in stock and option markets. Market makers’ learning under event uncertainty and the use of limit orders by informed investors help explain these findings. We characterize cross-sectional responses based on the duration of private information and find that informed traders select days with high uninformed volume to trade. Evidence from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Whistleblower Reward Program and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) involvement address potential selection concerns.
Pagnotta ES, Philippon T, 2018, Competing on speed, Econometrica, Vol: 86, Pages: 1067-1115, ISSN: 0012-9682
We analyze trading speed and fragmentation in asset markets. In our model, trading venuesmake technological investments and compete for investors who choose where and how muchto trade. Faster venues charge higher fees and attract speed-sensitive investors. Competitionamong venues increases investor participation, trading volume, and allocative efficiency, butentry and fragmentation can be excessive, and speeds are generically inefficient. Regulationsthat protect transaction prices (e.g., Securities and Exchange Commission trade-through rule)lead to greater fragmentation. Our model sheds light on the experience of European and U.S.markets since the implementation of Markets in Financial Instruments Directive and RegulationNational Markets System.
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