Imperial College London

Dr Florence Gschwend

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Chemical Engineering

Honorary Research Fellow



f.gschwend12 Website




329Bone BuildingSouth Kensington Campus





Florence Gschwend is an Honorary Research Fellow in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial College and co-founder and CEO of Lixea Limited. She received her BSc in Chemistry from the University of Basel, Switzerland. After internships at the West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland, and Syngenta in Basel,  Switzerland, she moved to London to do an MRes in Green Chemistry at Imperial College London where she worked on ionic liquid droplets as mircroreactors under the supervision of Dr. Jason Hallett and Dr. Phil Miller. From September 2013 to June 2017 she worked on her PhD project at the Chemical Engineering Department and the Grantham Institute under the supervision of Dr. Jason Hallett and Dr. Paul Fennell on the use of CCA-treated waste wood as a raw material for biorefining using ionic liquids. As part of her PhD she also spent two months at JBEI where she worked on hydrothermal treatment of algae residue and lignin together with Dr. Anthe George. Since finishing her PhD she has co-founded Lixea to commercialise the ionic liquid based biomass fractionation process she worked on during her PhD.



Malaret F, Gschwend FJV, Lopes JM, et al., 2020, Eucalyptus Red Grandis pretreatment with protic ionic liquids: effect of severity and influence of sub/super-critical CO2 atmosphere on pretreatment performance, Rsc Advances: an International Journal to Further the Chemical Sciences, Vol:10, ISSN:2046-2069, Pages:16050-16060

Gschwend F, Chambon C, Biedka M, et al., 2019, Quantitative glucose release from softwood after pretreatment with low-cost ionic liquids, Green Chemistry, Vol:21, ISSN:1463-9262, Pages:692-703

Gschwend FJV, Brandt-Talbot A, Malaret FJ, et al., 2018, Rapid pretreatment of Miscanthus using the low-cost ionic liquid triethylammonium hydrogen sulfate at elevated temperatures, Green Chemistry, Vol:20, ISSN:1463-9262, Pages:3486-3498


Hallett J, Fennell P, Gschwend F, et al., 2018, Process for the extraction of metal pollutants from treated cellulosic biomass, CN108291033 (A)

More Publications