Imperial College London

Dr Fred Richards

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Imperial College Research Fellow



+44 (0)20 7594 7402f.richards19 CV




2.54Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus






I am interested in understanding the surface expression of deep Earth dynamics and structure. My past research has focused on constraining and modelling the impacts of mantle convection on surface elevations and landscape evolution. This work has helped to reconcile numerical models and observations of this so-called ‘dynamic’ topography, while revealing that convectively driven vertical motions may occur at rates of up to 100 m per million years. These fast-evolving perturbations have significant implications across the Earth Sciences as they may destabilise polar ice sheets, alter ocean circulation via closure of ocean gateways, and control locations of resource-bearing sedimentary basins. My current work aims to integrate geological and geophysical observations with numerical models to better constrain dynamic topography and glacial isostatic adjustment in order to assess their impact on polar ice mass change and palaeo-sea level estimates. These outputs will serve as useful tie points to calibrate ice sheet models, reducing uncertainty in projections of future sea-level rise.

Topics of Interest:

Mantle dynamics, glacial isostatic adjustment, marine geophysics, geology, sea-level change, ice dynamics, palaeoclimate, mineral resources, inverse theory, igneous and metamorphic petrology, geomorphology, basin analysis, stratigraphy. 

Academic Positions and Education:

2019 – Present: Imperial College Research Fellow, Department of Earth Science and Engineering, Imperial College London.

2018 – 2019: Schmidt Science Fellow, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University.

2014 – 2018: PhD, Bullard Laboratories, Department of Earth Sciences. University of Cambridge.

2010 – 2014: MEarthSci, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford.



Richards FD, Hoggard MJ, Cowton LR, et al., 2018, Reassessing the thermal structure of oceanic lithosphere with revised global inventories of basement depths and heat flow measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol:123, ISSN:2169-9313, Pages:9136-9161

Richards FD, Kalnins LM, Watts AB, et al., 2018, The morphology of the Tasmantid seamounts: interactions between tectonic inheritance and magmatic evolution, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol:19, ISSN:1525-2027, Pages:3870-3891

Richards FD, Hoggard MJ, White NJ, 2016, Cenozoic epeirogeny of the Indian peninsula, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol:17, ISSN:1525-2027, Pages:4920-4954

Thesis Dissertations

Richards F, 2019, Global Analysis of Predicted and Observed Dynamic Topography

More Publications