38 results found
Garriga C, Goff M, Paterson E, et al., 2021, Clinical and molecular associations with outcomes at two years after acute knee injury: a longitudinal study in the Knee Injury Cohort at the Kennedy (KICK), The Lancet Rheumatology, Vol: 3, Pages: e648-e658, ISSN: 2665-9913
Background: Joint Injury is a major risk factor for osteoarthritis (OA) and an opportunity to prospectively examine its early processes. We investigated whether predefined baseline factors including demographic, clinical factors and protein analytes in knee synovial fluid (sf/SF) and in plasma/serum were associated with clinically relevant outcomes at two years after knee injury.Methods: This was a longitudinal cohort study (REC10/H0805/39;NCT02667756) with 150 individuals aged 16-50 recruited within 8 weeks of a clinically significant acute knee injury (effusion and structural injury on MRI), which was typically being treated surgically. Twelve SF and four plasma/serum biomarkers were measured by immunoassay as the exposures of interest. Primary outcome was “Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score” (KOOS)4. X-ray/3T-MRI knees were taken at baseline and two years. Linear and logistic regression models adjusting for predefined covariates assessed associations with 2year KOOS4 and secondary endpoints including new symptomatic (regular knee symptoms), tibio-femoral radiographic OA (TFROA, Kellgren Lawrence Grade 2 or more on an X-ray) respectively. Findings: Baseline KOOS4, medium/large knee effusion and moderate/severe SF blood staining and their interaction significantly predicted 2year KOOS4 (Coeff. -20·5 [95% confidence interval -34·8, -6·18]. Of the predefined markers, only sfMCP-1 and sfIL-6 -showed independent associations with 2year KOOS4 (-0.015[0.027,-0.004] and -0.0005[-0.0009,-0.0001] per change in 1 pg/ml units respectively), jointly with the interaction of effusion and blood staining accounting for 39% of outcome variability. New TFROA at two years was associated with baseline meniscal tear (OR5·7[1·25,25·92]). 13/22(59·1%) with new TFROA had no NHANES frequent knee symptoms. Only 3month medium/large effusion was associated with new symptomatic TFROA at two years (OR14·0[1·86
Sofat N, Watt FE, Lyn Tan A, 2021, Development of medical therapeutics in osteoarthritis: time for action to improve patient care, Rheumatology, Vol: 60, Pages: 3487-3489, ISSN: 1462-0324
Watt FE, Wise EM, 2021, Osteoarthritis and associated comorbidities: new answers and more questions, Rheumatology, ISSN: 1462-0324
Watt FE, Gulati M, Brewer G, et al., 2021, The relationship of hand osteoarthritis symptom onset with menopause and menopausal hormonal therapy-results of a retrospective secondary care study, The Virtual 2021 OARSI World Congress on Osteoarthritis, Publisher: Elsevier, Pages: S283-S283, ISSN: 1063-4584
Purpose: Hand osteoarthritis (OA) is more common in women and previous studies have noted its incidence increases around the time of the menopause. More recently, there has been a report in a large primary care dataset of increased incidence of hand OA following cessation of menopausal hormonal therapy (MHT). We set out to describe the temporal relationship between menopause, use of MHT and the onset of hand symptoms in a population of women with hand OA in a secondary care (rheumatology) setting. Our objectives were: i) to explore if there was a temporal relationship between the onset of menopause and the onset of hand OA symptoms; ii) to describe if current or previous use of MHT was associated with the timing of onset of hand OA symptoms; iii) To examine if cessation of MHT was associated with onset of hand OA symptoms.Methods: This was a retrospective review of UK NHS medical records (UK IRAS ethics #282499). Sequential females aged 18 years and older referred to specialist hand OA clinic in London, UK 2007-2015 with a diagnosis of Hand OA by accepted clinical criteria were included; exclusions were other forms of arthritis or causes of hand pain. Predefined outcome measures were reported age of onset of hand symptoms, reported age of Final Menstrual Period (FMP); predefined variables were use of systemic estrogen-containing MHT (subgroups current, previous, never users) and menopausal status (premenopausal, post-menopausal [at least one year post FMP]; peri-menopausal period defined as FMP+/- 4 years). These variables, age and other demographics were from the usual healthcare records, with all predefined variables recorded by standardised proforma used routinely in this setting. Descriptive statistics and linear regression modelling (coefficient, 95% CI are given) were carried out in STATA IC.Results: 82/98 females were post-menopausal, with mean age at FMP of 50. In these post-menopausal women, median time from FMP to hand symptom onset was 3 years (range -25
Mason D, Englund M, Watt FE, 2021, Prevention of posttraumatic osteoarthritis at the time of injury: Where are we now, and where are we going?, JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH, Vol: 39, Pages: 1152-1163, ISSN: 0736-0266
Watt FE, 2021, Posttraumatic osteoarthritis: what have we learned to advance osteoarthritis?, Curr Opin Rheumatol, Vol: 33, Pages: 74-83
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current thinking in the study of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) is overviewed: the osteoarthritis which follows acute joint injury. The review particularly highlights important publications in the last 18 months, also reflecting on key older literature, in terms of what have we have we learned and have yet to learn from PTOA, which can advance the osteoarthritis field as a whole. RECENT FINDINGS: PTOA is a mechanically driven disease, giving insight into mechanical drivers for osteoarthritis. A mechanosensitive molecular tissue injury response (which includes activation of pain, degradative and also repair pathways) is triggered by acute joint injury and seen in osteoarthritis. Imaging features of PTOA are highly similar to osteoarthritis, arguing against it being a different phenotype. The inflammatory pathways activated by injury contribute to early joint symptoms. However, later structural changes appear to be dissociated from traditional measures of synovial inflammation. SUMMARY: PTOA remains an important niche in which to understand processes underlying osteoarthritis and seek interventional targets. Whether PTOA has true molecular or clinical differences to osteoarthritis as a whole remains to be understood. This knowledge is important for a field where animal modelling of the disease relies heavily on the link between injury and osteoarthritis.
Garriga C, Goff M, Leyland K, et al., 2020, PREDICTIVE FACTORS FOR PATIENT REPORTED SYMPTOMS AND RADIOGRAPHIC STRUCTURAL CHANGE AT 2 YEARS AFTER ACUTE KNEE INJURY, OARSI World Congress on Osteoarthritis - Promoting Clinical and Basic Research in Osteoarthritis, Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD, Pages: S322-S323, ISSN: 1063-4584
Watt FE, Hamid B, Garriga C, et al., 2020, The molecular profile of synovial fluid changes upon joint distraction and is associated with clinical response in knee osteoarthritis., Osteoarthritis Cartilage, Vol: 28, Pages: 324-333
OBJECTIVE: Surgical knee joint distraction (KJD) leads to clinical improvement in knee osteoarthritis (OA) and also apparent cartilage regeneration by magnetic resonance imaging. We investigated if alteration of the joint's mechanical environment during the 6 week period of KJD was associated with a molecular response in synovial fluid, and if any change was associated with clinical response. METHOD: 20 individuals undergoing KJD for symptomatic radiographic knee OA had SF sampled at baseline, midpoint and endpoint of distraction (6 weeks). SF supernatants were measured by immunoassay for 10 predefined mechanosensitive molecules identified in our previous pre-clinical studies. The composite Knee injury and OA Outcome Score-4 (KOOS4) was collected at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: 13/20 (65%) were male with mean age 54°±°5yrs. All had Kellgren-Lawrence grade ≥2 knee OA. 6/10 analytes showed statistically significant change in SF over the 6 weeks distraction (activin A; TGFβ-1; MCP-1; IL-6; FGF-2; LTBP2), P < 0.05. Of these, all but activin A increased. Those achieving the minimum clinically important difference of 10 points for KOOS4 over 6 months showed greater increases in FGF-2 and TGFβ-1 than non-responders. An increase in IL-8 during the 6 weeks of KJD was associated with significantly greater improvement in KOOS4 over 12 months. CONCLUSION: Detectable, significant molecular changes are observed in SF following KJD, that are remarkably consistent between individuals. Preliminary findings appear to suggest that increases in some molecules are associated with clinically meaningful responses. Joint distraction may provide a potential opportunity in the future to define regenerative biomarker(s) and identify pathways that drive intrinsic cartilage repair.
Stucker S, Chen J, Watt FE, et al., 2020, Bone Angiogenesis and Vascular Niche Remodeling in Stress, Aging, and Diseases., Front Cell Dev Biol, Vol: 8, ISSN: 2296-634X
The bone marrow (BM) vascular niche microenvironments harbor stem and progenitor cells of various lineages. Bone angiogenesis is distinct and involves tissue-specific signals. The nurturing vascular niches in the BM are complex and heterogenous consisting of distinct vascular and perivascular cell types that provide crucial signals for the maintenance of stem and progenitor cells. Growing evidence suggests that the BM niche is highly sensitive to stress. Aging, inflammation and other stress factors induce changes in BM niche cells and their crosstalk with tissue cells leading to perturbed hematopoiesis, bone angiogenesis and bone formation. Defining vascular niche remodeling under stress conditions will improve our understanding of the BM vascular niche and its role in homeostasis and disease. Therefore, this review provides an overview of the current understanding of the BM vascular niches for hematopoietic stem cells and their malfunction during aging, bone loss diseases, arthritis and metastasis.
Ruiz-Romero C, Lam MPY, Nilsson P, et al., 2019, Mining the Proteome Associated with Rheumatic and Autoimmune Diseases., J Proteome Res, Vol: 18, Pages: 4231-4239
A steady increase in the incidence of osteoarthritis and other rheumatic diseases has been observed in recent decades, including autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, and Sjögren's syndrome. Rheumatic and autoimmune diseases (RADs) are characterized by the inflammation of joints, muscles, or other connective tissues. In addition to often experiencing debilitating mobility and pain, RAD patients are also at a higher risk of suffering comorbidities such as cardiovascular or infectious events. Given the socioeconomic impact of RADs, broad research efforts have been dedicated to these diseases worldwide. In the present work, we applied literature mining platforms to identify "popular" proteins closely related to RADs. The platform is based on publicly available literature. The results not only will enable the systematic prioritization of candidates to perform targeted proteomics studies but also may lead to a greater insight into the key pathogenic processes of these disorders.
Watt FE, Blauwet MB, Fakhoury A, et al., 2019, Tropomyosin-related kinase A (TrkA) inhibition for the treatment of painful knee osteoarthritis: results from a randomized controlled phase 2a trial., Osteoarthritis Cartilage, Vol: 27, Pages: 1590-1598
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the TrkA inhibitor, ASP7962, for treatment of painful knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Phase 2a, double-blind, placebo- and naproxen-controlled, double-dummy, parallel-group study. Adults with knee osteoarthritis were randomized (2:2:1) to ASP7962 (100 mg), placebo, or naproxen (500 mg) twice daily (BID) for 4 weeks. Primary endpoint: change from baseline to Week 4 in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) pain subscale score. Secondary endpoints: change from baseline to Weeks 1, 2, and End of Treatment (EoT) in WOMAC pain subscale score; change from baseline to Weeks 1, 2, 4, and EoT in WOMAC physical function and stiffness subscales, walking pain and WOMAC total scores; and change from baseline in daily average pain score. RESULTS: 215 participants were randomized (ASP7962 100 mg BID, n = 85; placebo, n = 87; naproxen 500 mg BID, n = 43). No significant difference was observed between ASP7962 and placebo in change from baseline to Week 4 in WOMAC pain subscale score (-0.14; 90% 2-sided CI: -0.62, 0.34; P = 0.316); a significant difference was observed between naproxen and placebo (-0.67; 80% 2-sided CI: -1.12, -0.23; P = 0.027). No differences were observed between ASP7962 and placebo in change from baseline in any WOMAC subscale score; statistically significant changes were observed between naproxen and placebo (P ≤ 0.01, all time points for all WOMAC endpoints). ASP7962 was safe and well-tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Four-week treatment with ASP7962 (100 mg BID) did not improve pain or physical function in individuals with painful knee osteoarthritis. ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02611466; EudraCT Number, 2014-004996-22.
Watt FE, Corp N, Kingsbury SR, et al., 2019, Towards prevention of post-traumatic osteoarthritis: report from an international expert working group on considerations for the design and conduct of interventional studies following acute knee injury, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, Vol: 27, Pages: 23-33, ISSN: 1063-4584
OBJECTIVE: There are few guidelines for clinical trials of interventions for prevention of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), reflecting challenges in this area. An international multi-disciplinary expert group including patients was convened to generate points to consider for the design and conduct of interventional studies following acute knee injury. DESIGN: An evidence review on acute knee injury interventional studies to prevent PTOA was presented to the group, alongside overviews of challenges in this area, including potential targets, biomarkers and imaging. Working groups considered pre-identified key areas: eligibility criteria and outcomes, biomarkers, injury definition and intervention timing including multi-modality interventions. Consensus agreement within the group on points to consider was generated and is reported here after iterative review by all contributors. RESULTS: The evidence review identified 37 studies. Study duration and outcomes varied widely and 70% examined surgical interventions. Considerations were grouped into three areas: justification of inclusion criteria including the classification of injury and participant age (as people over 35 may have pre-existing OA); careful consideration in the selection and timing of outcomes or biomarkers; definition of the intervention(s)/comparator(s) and the appropriate time-window for intervention (considerations may be particular to intervention type). Areas for further research included demonstrating the utility of patient-reported outcomes, biomarkers and imaging outcomes from ancillary/cohort studies in this area, and development of surrogate clinical trial endpoints that shorten the duration of clinical trials and are acceptable to regulatory agencies. CONCLUSIONS: These considerations represent the first international consensus on the conduct of interventional studies following acute knee joint trauma.
Marshall M, Watt FE, Vincent TL, et al., 2018, Hand osteoarthritis: clinical phenotypes, molecular mechanisms and disease management., Nat Rev Rheumatol, Vol: 14, Pages: 641-656
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent condition, and the hand is the most commonly affected site. Patients with hand OA frequently report symptoms of pain, functional limitations and frustration in undertaking everyday activities. The condition presents clinically with changes to the bone, ligaments, cartilage and synovial tissue, which can be observed using radiography, ultrasonography or MRI. Hand OA is a heterogeneous disorder and is considered to be multifactorial in aetiology. This Review provides an overview of the epidemiology, presentation and burden of hand OA, including an update on hand OA imaging (including the development of novel techniques), disease mechanisms and management. In particular, areas for which new evidence has substantially changed the way we understand, consider and treat hand OA are highlighted. For example, genetic studies, clinical trials and careful prospective imaging studies from the past 5 years are beginning to provide insights into the pathogenesis of hand OA that might uncover new therapeutic targets in the disease.
Kingsbury SR, Tharmanathan P, Keding A, et al., 2018, Hydroxychloroquine Effectiveness in Reducing Symptoms of Hand Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Trial., Ann Intern Med, Vol: 168, Pages: 385-395
Background: Synovitis is believed to play a role in producing symptoms in persons with hand osteoarthritis, but data on slow-acting anti-inflammatory treatments are sparse. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine versus placebo as an analgesic treatment of hand osteoarthritis. Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with 12-month follow-up. (ISRCTN registry number: ISRCTN91859104). Setting: 13 primary and secondary care centers in England. Participants: Of 316 patients screened, 248 participants (82% women; mean age, 62.7 years) with symptomatic (pain ≥4 on a 0- to 10-point visual analogue scale) and radiographic hand osteoarthritis were randomly assigned and 210 (84.7%) completed the 6-month primary end point. Intervention: Hydroxychloroquine (200 to 400 mg) or placebo (1:1) for 12 months with ongoing usual care. Measurements: The primary end point was average hand pain during the previous 2 weeks (on a 0- to 10-point numerical rating scale [NRS]) at 6 months. Secondary end points included self-reported pain and function, grip strength, quality of life, radiographic structural change, and adverse events. Baseline ultrasonography was done. Results: At 6 months, mean hand pain was 5.49 points in the placebo group and 5.66 points in the hydroxychloroquine group, with a treatment difference of -0.16 point (95% CI, -0.73 to 0.40 point) (P = 0.57). Results were robust to adjustments for adherence, missing data, and use of rescue medication. No significant treatment differences existed at 3, 6, or 12 months for any secondary outcomes. The percentage of participants with at least 1 joint with synovitis was 94% (134 of 143) on grayscale ultrasonography and 59% on power Doppler. Baseline structural damage or synovitis did not affect treatment response. Fifteen serious adverse events were reported (7 in the hydroxychloroquine group [3 defined as possibly related] and 8 in the placebo group). Limitation: Hydroxychloro
Watt FE, 2018, Musculoskeletal pain and menopause., Post Reprod Health, Vol: 24, Pages: 34-43
Musculoskeletal pain, arthralgia and arthritis are all more common in women, and their frequency increases with age and in some appears to be associated with the onset of menopause. The clinical assessment, investigation and management of women presenting with musculoskeletal pain, arthralgia or arthritis at the time of menopause are reviewed. Common causes of arthralgia and arthritis in this population are discussed. The epidemiological and trials evidence for the effects of hormone replacement therapy on musculoskeletal pain and arthritis (primarily from RCTs of HRT for other menopausal symptoms) are discussed. Lastly, the possible underlying aetiological roles of sex hormones including estrogen, and their deficiency, in predisposing to musculoskeletal pain and arthritis are overviewed. Although the association appears strong, a causal link between estrogen deficiency and musculoskeletal pain or different types of arthritis is lacking; there have been few studies specifically within this group of symptomatic patients, and there is much still to understand about musculoskeletal pain and arthritis at the time of the menopause, and about how we might prevent or treat this.
Watt FE, 2018, Osteoarthritis biomarkers: year in review., Osteoarthritis Cartilage, Vol: 26, Pages: 312-318
OBJECTIVE: To summarise important findings from biomarker studies relevant to osteoarthritis (OA), published between April 2016 and March 2017; to consider these findings in the context of new discoveries and technologies, and clinical and scientific need in OA. DESIGN: Studies were selected by PubMed search, conducted between 01/04/2016 and 01/03/2017. MeSH terms [biomarker] AND [OA] were used; the search was restricted to Human, English language and Full Text Available publications, which yielded 50 eligible publications. Any biomarker was considered, including non-proteins and other clinical measurements. RESULTS: Three main areas are overviewed: 1) Studies examining highly validated biomarkers, in the FNIH OA Biomarkers Consortium and elsewhere, particularly their ongoing application and validation. Control reference intervals, work on predictive validity and other longitudinal studies examining prognostic value of biomarkers in large cohorts are reviewed. 2) Novel studies relating to biomarkers of inflammation are discussed, including complement, the performance of markers of so-called 'cold inflammation' and results from clinical trials including biomarkers. 3) Discovery studies, including whole blood RNA, proteomics and metabolomics are reviewed, with an emphasis on new technologies. CONCLUSIONS: Discovery, characterisation and qualification of various biomarkers is ongoing; several novel protein and non-protein candidate biomarkers have been reported this year. Biomarkers provide us with an opportunity to better diagnose and stratify the disease, via established panels or new discovery approaches. Improving quality of sampling and testing, and measuring large numbers of markers simultaneously in large cohorts would seem likely to identify new clinically applicable biomarkers, which are still much needed in this disease.
Kingsbury SR, Tharmanathan P, Keding A, et al., 2017, Hydroxychloroquine in hand OA; results of the UK HERO trial (vol 25, pg S3, 2017), OSTEOARTHRITIS AND CARTILAGE, Vol: 25, Pages: 2147-2147, ISSN: 1063-4584
Kingsbury SR, Tharmanathan P, Keding A, et al., 2017, HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE IN HAND OA; RESULTS OF THE UK HERO TRIAL, World Congress of the Osteoarthritis-Research-Society-International (OARSI) on Osteoarthritis, Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD, Pages: S3-S4, ISSN: 1063-4584
Watt FE, Gulati M, 2017, New Drug Treatments for Osteoarthritis: What is on the Horizon?, Eur Med J Rheumatol, Vol: 2, Pages: 50-58
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, yet has historically lagged far behind rheumatoid arthritis in terms of drug development. Despite the many challenges presented by clinical trials in OA, improvements in our understanding of disease pathogenesis and a move to treat pain, as well as underlying disease process, mean there are now many new pharmacological therapies currently in various stages of clinical trials. The medical need for these therapies and the evidence for recent tissue and molecular targets are reviewed. Current therapeutic examples in each area are discussed, including both novel therapeutics and existing agents which may be repurposed from other disease areas. Some challenges remain, but opportunities for improving symptoms and disease process in OA in the clinic with new pharmacological agents would appear to be on the close horizon.
Watt FE, Paterson E, Freidin A, et al., 2016, Acute Molecular Changes in Synovial Fluid Following Human Knee Injury: Association With Early Clinical Outcomes, ARTHRITIS & RHEUMATOLOGY, Vol: 68, Pages: 2129-2140, ISSN: 2326-5191
Kingsbury SR, Corp N, Watt FE, et al., 2016, Harmonising data collection from osteoarthritis studies to enable stratification: recommendations on core data collection from an Arthritis Research UK clinical studies group, RHEUMATOLOGY, Vol: 55, Pages: 1394-1402, ISSN: 1462-0324
Felson DT, Redmond AC, Chapman GJ, et al., 2016, Recommendations for the conduct of efficacy trials of treatment devices for osteoarthritis: a report from a working group of the Arthritis Research UK Osteoarthritis and Crystal Diseases Clinical Studies Group, RHEUMATOLOGY, Vol: 55, Pages: 320-326, ISSN: 1462-0324
Watt FE, 2016, Hand osteoarthritis, menopause and menopausal hormone therapy, MATURITAS, Vol: 83, Pages: 13-18, ISSN: 0378-5122
Nazareth R, Cashman P, Parlier P, et al., 2015, Semi-automation of knee cartilage thickness estimation in Magnetic Resonance Images with metal artefact, Osteoarthritis Research Society International
Kingsbury SR, Tharmanathan P, Arden NK, et al., 2015, Pain reduction with oral methotrexate in knee osteoarthritis, a pragmatic phase iii trial of treatment effectiveness (PROMOTE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, TRIALS, Vol: 16, ISSN: 1745-6215
Watt FE, Kennedy DL, Carlisle KE, et al., 2014, Night-time immobilization of the distal interphalangeal joint reduces pain and extension deformity in hand osteoarthritis, Rheumatology, Vol: 53, Pages: 1142-1149, ISSN: 1462-0332
Objective. DIP joint OA is common but has few cost-effective, evidence-based interventions. Pain anddeformity [radial or ulnar deviation of the joint or loss of full extension (extension lag)] frequently lead tofunctional and cosmetic issues. We investigated whether splinting the DIP joint would improve pain,function and deformity.Methods. A prospective, radiologist-blinded, non-randomized, internally controlled trial of custom splintingof the DIP joint was carried out. Twenty-six subjects with painful, deforming DIP joint hand OA gavewritten, informed consent. One intervention joint and one control joint were nominated. A custom guttersplint was worn nightly for 3 months on the intervention joint, with clinical and radiological assessment atbaseline, 3 and 6 months. Differences in the change were compared by the Wilcoxon signed rank test.Results. The median average pain at baseline was similar in the intervention (6/10) and control joints(5/10). Average pain (primary outcome measure) and worst pain in the intervention joint were significantlylower at 3 months compared with baseline (P = 0.002, P = 0.02). Differences between intervention andcontrol joint average pain reached significance at 6 months (P = 0.049). Extension lag deformity was significantlyimproved in intervention joints at 3 months and in splinted joints compared with matchedcontralateral joints (P = 0.016).Conclusion. Short-term night-time DIP joint splinting is a safe, simple treatment modality that reduces DIPjoint pain and improves extension of the digit, and does not appear to give rise to non-compliance,increased stiffness or joint restriction.
Chong K-W, Chanalaris A, Burleigh A, et al., 2013, Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 Drives Changes in Gene Expression Following Injury to Murine Cartilage In Vitro and In Vivo, ARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATISM, Vol: 65, Pages: 2346-2355, ISSN: 0004-3591
Strollo R, Ponchel F, Malmstrom V, et al., 2013, Autoantibodies to Posttranslationally Modified Type II Collagen as Potential Biomarkers for Rheumatoid Arthritis, ARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATISM, Vol: 65, Pages: 1702-1712, ISSN: 0004-3591
Watt FE, Kennedy D, Carlisle K, et al., 2013, NIGHT-TIME SPLINTING OF THE DISTAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT REDUCES PAIN AND IMPROVES EXTENSION AT THE JOINT: RESULTS FROM THE SPLINT-OA STUDY, World Congress of the Osteoarthritis-Research-Society-International (OARSI), Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD, Pages: S25-S26, ISSN: 1063-4584
Kingsbury SR, Tharmanathan P, Adamson J, et al., 2013, Hydroxychloroquine effectiveness in reducing symptoms of hand osteoarthritis (HERO): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial, TRIALS, Vol: 14, ISSN: 1745-6215
This data is extracted from the Web of Science and reproduced under a licence from Thomson Reuters. You may not copy or re-distribute this data in whole or in part without the written consent of the Science business of Thomson Reuters.