Imperial College London

Professor Fang Xie

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Materials

Professor of Functional Materials



+44 (0)20 7594 9693f.xie Website




1.03Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus





Professor Fang Xie joined the Department of Materials at Imperial College London in November 2008 as a post-doctoral researcher.  She is currently professor in the same department.  Her research concerns novel nanomaterials synthesis and fabrication and their applications in energy and life sciences.  Metal and semiconducting nanoparticles are prepared by both bottom-up and top-down methods such as colloidal lithography, nanoimprint lithography, and wet chemical synthesis/self-assembly. 

Potential Ph.D. Students

Please get in touch if your research interests align with the broad area of my group.  It would be great if you could state clearly how you intend to fund your study (through a specific scholarship scheme you plan to apply to, or being self-funded).

Here is a useful search tool for Postgraduate scholarships:

Postgraduate scholarships

Funding opportunities for international students (Non-UK, Non-EU) can be found from the link below:

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Morfill C, Pankratova S, Machado P, et al., 2022, Nanostars Carrying Multifunctional Neurotrophic Dendrimers Protect Neurons in Preclinical In Vitro Models of Neurodegenerative Disorders, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol:14, ISSN:1944-8244, Pages:47445-47460

Tian T, Xu J, Xiong Y, et al., 2022, Cu-functionalised porous boron nitride derived from a metal–organic framework, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol:10, ISSN:2050-7488, Pages:20580-20592

Xu J, Morton W, Jones D, et al., 2022, Significant quantum yield enhancement for near infrared fluorescence dyes by silica templated silver nanorods, Applied Physics Reviews, Vol:9, ISSN:1931-9401

Yallop M, Wang Y, Masuda S, et al., 2022, Quantifying impacts of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on natural assemblages of riverine phytobenthos and phytoplankton in an outdoor setting, Science of the Total Environment, Vol:831, ISSN:0048-9697

Zhang H, Geng S, Ouyang M, et al., 2022, A self-reconstructed bifunctional electrocatalyst of pseudo-amorphous nickel carbide @ iron oxide network for seawater splitting., Advanced Science, Vol:9, ISSN:2198-3844, Pages:1-15

Zhang H, Li P, Zhou H, et al., 2022, Unravelling the synergy of oxygen vacancies and gold nanostars in hematite for the electrochemical and photoelectrochemical oxygen evolution reaction, Nano Energy, Vol:94, ISSN:2211-2855, Pages:1-10

Zhang H, Geng S, Ouyang M, et al., 2022, Using metal cation to control the microstructure of cobalt oxide in energy conversion and storage applications, Small, Vol:18, ISSN:1613-6810, Pages:1-13

Sundaresan SM, Fothergill SM, Tabish TA, et al., 2021, Aptamer biosensing based on metal enhanced fluorescence platform: A promising diagnostic tool, Applied Physics Reviews, Vol:8, ISSN:1931-9401, Pages:1-14

Primc D, Indrizzi L, Tervoort E, et al., 2021, Synthesis of Cu3N and Cu3N-Cu2O multicomponent mesocrystals: non-classical crystallization and nanoscale Kirkendall effect, Nanoscale, Vol:13, ISSN:2040-3364, Pages:17521-17529

Zhang H, Li P, Chen S, et al., 2021, Anodic transformation of a core-shell Prussian Blue analogue to a bifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol:31, ISSN:1616-301X

Gomez-Gonzalez MA, Koronfel MA, Pullin H, et al., 2021, Nanoscale chemical imaging of nanoparticles under real-world wastewater treatment conditions, Advanced Sustainable Systems, Vol:5, ISSN:2366-7486

Zhang H, Jiang Q, Hadden JHL, et al., 2021, Pd ion-exchange and ammonia etching of a Prussian blue analogue to produce a high-performance water-splitting catalyst, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol:31, ISSN:1616-301X, Pages:1-15

Song W, Stein Scholtis E, sherrel P, et al., 2020, Electronic Structure Influences on the Formation of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase, Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN:1754-5692

Joyce C, Fothergill SM, Xie F, 2020, Recent advances in gold-based metal enhanced fluorescence platforms for diagnosis and imaging in the near-infrared, Materials Today Advances, Vol:7, ISSN:2590-0498

Jiang Q, xiangyu X, Riley DJ, et al., 2020, Harvesting the lost photon by plasmonic enhanced hematite-upconversion nanocomposite for water splitting, Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol:153, ISSN:0021-9606, Pages:011102-1-011102-6

Rodrigues RL, Xie F, Porter AE, et al., 2020, Geometry-induced protein reorientation on the spikes of plasmonic gold nanostars, Nanoscale Advances, Vol:2, ISSN:2516-0230, Pages:1144-1151

Song W, Jiang Q, Xie X, et al., 2019, Synergistic storage of lithium ions in defective anatase/rutile TiO2 for high-rate batteries, Energy Storage Materials, Vol:22, ISSN:2405-8297, Pages:441-449

Gu Y, Li J, Wang L, et al., 2019, Template-Free Cu Electrodeposition to Prepare Cu-Micro-Brush Electrodes for Electrochemical CO<sub>2</sub> Reduction, Chemistryselect, Vol:4, ISSN:2365-6549, Pages:10995-11001

Butburee T, Sun Z, Centeno A, et al., 2019, Improved CO<sub>2</sub> photocatalytic reduction using a novel 3-component heterojunction (vol 62, pg 426, 2019), Nano Energy, Vol:63, ISSN:2211-2855

Butburee T, Sun Z, Centeno A, et al., 2019, Improved CO<inf>2</inf> photocatalytic reduction using a novel 3-component heterojunction, Nano Energy, Vol:62, ISSN:2211-2855, Pages:426-433

Ruenraroengsak P, Kiryushko D, Theodorou IG, et al., 2019, Frizzled-7-targeted delivery of zinc oxide nanoparticles to drug-resistant breast cancer cells, Nanoscale, Vol:11, ISSN:2040-3364, Pages:12858-12870

Pang JS, Theodorou IG, Centeno A, et al., 2019, Tunable three-dimensional plasmonic arrays for large near-infrared fluorescence enhancement, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol:11, ISSN:1944-8244, Pages:23083-23092

Song W, Liu X, Wu B, et al., 2019, Sn@C evolution from yolk-shell to core-shell in carbon nanofibers with suppressed degradation of lithium storage, Energy Storage Materials, Vol:18, ISSN:2405-8297, Pages:229-237

Theodorou I, Ruenraroengsak P, Carter D, et al., 2019, Towards multiplexed near-infrared cellular imaging using gold nanostar arrays with tunable fluorescence enhancement, Nanoscale, Vol:11, ISSN:2040-3364, Pages:2079-2088

Jiang Q, Ji C, Riley DJ, et al., 2019, Boosting the efficiency of photoelectrolysis by the addition of non-noble plasmonic metals: Al & Cu, Nanomaterials, Vol:9, ISSN:2079-4991

Fothergill S, Joyce C, Xie F, 2018, Metal enhanced fluorescence biosensing: from ultra-violet towards second near-infrared window, Nanoscale, Vol:10, ISSN:2040-3364, Pages:20914-20929

Theodorou I, Jiang Q, Malms L, et al., 2018, Fluorescence enhancement from single gold nanostars: towards ultra-bright emission in the first and second near-infrared biological windows, Nanoscale, Vol:10, ISSN:2040-3364, Pages:15854-15864

Qin H, Wu D, Sathian J, et al., 2018, Tuning the upconversion photoluminescence lifetimes of NaYF4:Yb3+, Er3+ through lanthanide Gd3+ doping, Scientific Reports, Vol:8, ISSN:2045-2322

Wang T, Centeno A, Darvill D, et al., 2018, Tuneable fluorescence enhancement over nanostructured ZnO arrays with controlled morphology, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol:21, ISSN:1463-9076, Pages:14828-14834

Riley DJ, Song W, Xie F, et al., 2018, Co3O4 hollow nanospheres doped with ZnCo2O4 via thermal vapor mechanism for fast lithium storage., Energy Storage Materials, Vol:14, ISSN:2405-8297, Pages:324-334

Centeno A, Rahmah Aid S, Xie F, 2018, Infra-Red Plasmonic Sensors, Chemosensors, Vol:6, ISSN:2227-9040

Jawad ZAR, Theodorou I, Jiao LR, et al., 2017, Highly Sensitive Plasmonic Detection of the Pancreatic Cancer Biomarker CA 19-9, Scientific Reports, Vol:7, ISSN:2045-2322

Song W, Brugge R, Theodorou IG, et al., 2017, Enhancing Distorted Metal Organic Framework Derived ZnO as Anode Material for Lithium Storage by the Addition of Ag2S Quantum Dots., ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol:9, ISSN:1944-8244, Pages:37823-37831

Theodorou I, Jawad Z, Jiang Q, et al., 2017, Gold Nanostar Substrates for Metal Enhanced Fluorescence through the First and Second Near-Infrared Windows, Chemistry of Materials, Vol:29, ISSN:1520-5002, Pages:6916-6926

Qin H, Shamso A, Centeno A, et al., 2017, Enhancing the upconversion photoluminescence of hexagonal phase NaYF4:Yb3+, Er3+ nanoparticles by mesoporous gold films, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol:19, ISSN:1463-9076, Pages:19159-19167

Riley DJ, Song W, Lischner, et al., 2017, Tuning the Double Layer of Graphene Oxide through Phosphorus Doping for Enhanced Supercapacitance, Acs Energy Letters, Vol:2, ISSN:2380-8195, Pages:1144-1149

Pang J, Theodorou I, Centeno A, et al., 2016, Gold nanodisc arrays as near infrared metal-enhanced fluorescence platforms with tuneable enhancement factors, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol:5, ISSN:2050-7534, Pages:917-925

Theodorou IG, Jawad Z, Qin H, et al., 2016, Significant metal enhanced fluorescence of Ag2S quantum dots in the second near-infrared window, Nanoscale, Vol:8, ISSN:2040-3372, Pages:12869-12873

Song W, Chen J, Xiaobo J, et al., 2016, Dandelion-shape TiO2/Multi-layer Graphene Composed of TiO2(B) Fibrils and Anatase TiO2 Pappi Utilizing Triphase Boundaries for Lithium Storage, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol:4, ISSN:2050-7496, Pages:8762-8768

Zhang X, Wu X, Centeno A, et al., 2016, Significant broadband photocurrent enhancement by Au-CZTS core-shell nanostructured photocathodes, Scientific Reports, Vol:6, ISSN:2045-2322

Jawad Z, Xie F, Jiao LR, 2015, Applications of Nanotechnology in the Management of Cancer Miniature Technology, Great Potential, Jama Surgery, Vol:150, ISSN:2168-6254, Pages:1184-1185

Wu X, Zhang X, Price D, et al., 2015, Broadband plasmon photocurrent generation from Au nanoparticles/ mesoporous TiO2 nanotube electrodes, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol:138, ISSN:0927-0248, Pages:80-85

Wang T, Costan J, Centeno A, et al., 2015, Broadband enhanced fluorescence using Zinc-Oxide nanoflower arrays, Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol:3, ISSN:2050-7534, Pages:2656-2663

Donchev E, Pang JS, Gammon PM, et al., 2014, The rectenna device: From theory to practice (a review), Mrs Energy and Sustainability, Vol:1

Wu X, Scott K, Xie F, et al., 2014, A reversible water electrolyser with porous PTFE based OH− conductive membrane as energy storage cells, Journal of Power Sources, Vol:246, ISSN:0378-7753, Pages:225-231

Centeno A, Ahmed B, Reehal H, et al., 2013, Diffuse Scattering from Hemispherical Nanoparticles at the Air-Silicon Interface, Nanotechnology, Vol:24

Xie F, Pang J, Centeno A, et al., 2013, Nanoscale control of Ag nanostructures for plasmonic fluorescence enhancement of near-infrared dyes, Nano Research, Vol:6, ISSN:1998-0124, Pages:495-510

Xie F, Centeno A, Zou B, et al., 2013, Tunable synthesis of ordered Zinc Oxide nanoflower-like arrays, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol:395, ISSN:0021-9797, Pages:85-90

Xie F, Centeno A, Ryan MR, et al., 2013, Au nanostructures by colloidal lithography: from quenching to extensive fluorescence enhancement, J. Mater. Chem. B, Vol:1, Pages:536-543

Price D, Centeno A, Xie F, 2013, Plasmonic Fluorescence enhancement by metal nanostructures: shaping the future of bionanotechnology, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

Centeno A, Xie F, Alford N, 2013, Predicting the fluorescent enhancement rate by Au and Ag nanospheres using FDTD analysis, Iet Nanobiotechnology

Deng W, Xie F, Goldys E, 2013, Metal-enhanced fluorescence in the life sciences: here, now and beyond, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

Centeno A, Xie F, Alford N, 2011, Light absorption and field enhancement in two-dimensional arrays of closely spaced silver nanoparticles, Journal of the Optical Society of America B - Optical Physics, Vol:28, ISSN:0740-3224, Pages:325-330

Xie F, Drozdowicz-Tomsia K, Shtoyko T, et al., 2010, Silver and gold nanoparticle coated membranes applied to protein dot blots, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol:13, ISSN:1388-0764, Pages:613-624

Drozdowicz-Tomsia K, Xie F, Goldys EM, 2010, Deposition of Silver Dentritic Nanostructures on Silicon for Enhanced Fluorescence, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol:114, ISSN:1932-7447, Pages:1562-1569

Drozdowicz-Tomsia K, Xie F, Calander N, et al., 2009, Depolarized light scattering from colloidal gold nanoparticles, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol:468, ISSN:0009-2614, Pages:69-74

Xie F, Drozdowicz-Tomsia K, Goldys EM, 2008, A method to assess modifications of fluorophore radiative rate by plasmonic structures, Chemical Physics Letters, Vol:466, ISSN:0009-2614, Pages:186-188

Xie F, Baker MS, Goldys EM, 2008, Enhanced Fluorescence Detection on Homogeneous Gold Colloid Self-Assembled Monolayer Substrates, Chemistry of Materials, Vol:20, ISSN:0897-4756, Pages:1788-1797

Goldys EM, Drozdowicz-Tomsia K, Xie F, et al., 2007, Fluorescence Amplification by Electrochemically Deposited Silver Nanowires with Fractal Architecture, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol:129, ISSN:0002-7863, Pages:12117-12122

Goldys EM, Barnett A, Xie F, et al., 2007, Plasmon-enhanced fluorescence near metallic nanostructures: biochemical applications, Applied Physics A - Materials Science & Processing, Vol:89, ISSN:0947-8396, Pages:265-271

Goldys EM, Xie F, 2007, Metallic Nanomaterials for Sensitivity Enhancement of Fluorescence Detection, Sensors, Vol:8, Pages:886-896

Xie F, Goldys E, Baker M, 2007, Amplified protein sensing using deep purple fluorophores on homogeneous Au substrates, Biofactors, Vol:30, Pages:249-253

Xie F, Baker MS, Goldys EM, 2006, Homogeneous Silver-Coated Nanoparticle Substrates for Enhanced Fluorescence Detection, Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol:110, ISSN:1520-6106, Pages:23085-23091


Liu L, Xie F, Meng X, et al., 2017, Environmentally benign nanomaterial synthesis mediated by culture broths, Biocatalysis and Nanotechnology, Editor(s): Grunwald, Pan Stanford Publishing Pte. Ltd, Pages:89-120, ISBN:9781351767552

Xie F, Deng W, Goldys E, 2017, Compatibility of Metal –Induced Fluorescence Enhancement with Applications in Analytical Chemistry and Biosensing, Surface Plasmon Enhanced, Coupled and Controlled Fluorescence, Editor(s): Geddes, Wiley, Pages:13-36, ISBN:978-1-118-02793-6


Gao Z, Xie H, Xie F, 2009, Detectable threading intercalator, US Patent 7,576,205

Gao Z, Xu G, Ying J, et al., 2009, Electrically non-conductive, nanoparticulate membrane, US Patent 7,563,588

Gao Z, Xie F, 2007, DNA threading intercalators, US Patent 7,902,362

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