Imperial College London

Professor Gareth Collins

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Professor of Planetary Science



+44 (0)20 7594 1518g.collins Website




4.83Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Smith, RC and Hill, J and Mouradian, SL and Piggott, MD and Collins, GS},
doi = {10.1016/j.ocemod.2020.101674},
journal = {Ocean Modelling},
pages = {1--56},
title = {A new methodology for performing large scale simulations of tsunami generated by deformable submarine slides},
url = {},
volume = {153},
year = {2020}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Large tsunamis can be generated by submarine slides, but these events are rare on human timescales and challenging to observe. Experiments and numerical modelling offer methods to understand the mechanisms by which they generate waves and what the potential hazard might be. However, to fully capture the complex waveform generated by a submarine slide, the slide dynamics must also be accurately modelled. It is computationally difficult to model both a three-dimensional submarine slide whilst simultaneously simulating oceanic-scale tsunamis. Past studies have either coupled localised models of the slide generation to oceanic-scale tsunami simulations or simplified the slide dynamics. Here, we present a new methodology of model coupling that generates the wave in the ocean-scale model via boundary-condition coupling of a two-dimensional dynamic slide simulation. We verify our coupling methodology by comparing model results to a previous simulation of a tsunamigenic slide in the Gulf of Mexico. We then examine the effect of slide deformation on the risk posed by hypothetical submarine slides around the UK. We show the deformable submarine slide simulations produce larger waves than the solid slide simulations due to the details of acceleration and velocity of the slide, although lateral spreading is not modelled. This work offers a new methodology for simulating oceanic-scale tsunamis caused by submarine slides using the output of a two–dimensional, multi-material simulation as input into a three–dimensional ocean model. This facilitates future exploration of the tsunami risk posed by tsunamigenic submarine slides that affect coastlines not normally prone to tsunamis.
AU - Smith,RC
AU - Hill,J
AU - Mouradian,SL
AU - Piggott,MD
AU - Collins,GS
DO - 10.1016/j.ocemod.2020.101674
EP - 56
PY - 2020///
SN - 1463-5003
SP - 1
TI - A new methodology for performing large scale simulations of tsunami generated by deformable submarine slides
T2 - Ocean Modelling
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 153
ER -