Imperial College London

ProfessorGeoffreyMaitland

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Chemical Engineering

Professor of Energy Engineering
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 1830g.maitland Website

 
 
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Assistant

 

Mrs Sarah Payne +44 (0)20 7594 5567

 
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Location

 

401ACE ExtensionSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Peng:2015:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.03.012,
author = {Peng, C and Crawshaw, JP and Maitland, GC and Trusler, JPM},
doi = {10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.03.012},
journal = {Chemical Geology},
pages = {74--85},
title = {Kinetics of calcite dissolution in CO2-saturated water at temperatures between (323 and 373) K and pressures up to 13.8 MPa},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.03.012},
volume = {403},
year = {2015}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - We report measurements of the calcite dissolution rate in CO2-saturated water at pressures ranging from (6.0 to 13.8) MPa and temperatures from (323 to 373) K. The rate of calcite dissolution in HCl(aq) at temperatures from (298 to 353) K was also measured at ambient pressure with pH between 2.0 and 3.3. A specially-designed batch reactor system, implementing a rotating disc technique, was used to obtain the dissolution rate at the solid/liquid interface of a single crystal, free of mass transfer effects. We used vertical scanning interferometry to examine the texture of the calcite surface produced by the experiment and the results suggested that at far-from-equilibrium conditions, the measured calcite dissolution rate was independent of the initial defect density due to the development of a dynamic dissolution pattern which became steady-state shortly after the onset of dissolution. The results of this study indicate that the calcite dissolution rate under surface-reaction-controlled conditions increases with the increase of temperature from (323 to 373) K and CO2 partial pressure from (6.0 to 13.8) MPa. Fitting the conventional first order transition state kinetic model to the observed rate suggested that, although sufficient to describe calcite dissolution in CO2-free HCl(aq), this model clearly underestimate the calcite dissolution rate in the (CO2 + H2O) system over the range of conditions studied. A kinetic model incorporating both pH and the activity of CO2(aq) has been developed to represent the dissolution rates found in this study. We report correlations for the corresponding reaction rate coefficients based on the Arrhenius equation and compare the apparent activation energies with values from the literature. The results of this study should facilitate more rigorous modelling of mineral dissolution in deep saline aquifers used for CO2 storage.
AU - Peng,C
AU - Crawshaw,JP
AU - Maitland,GC
AU - Trusler,JPM
DO - 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.03.012
EP - 85
PY - 2015///
SN - 1872-6836
SP - 74
TI - Kinetics of calcite dissolution in CO2-saturated water at temperatures between (323 and 373) K and pressures up to 13.8 MPa
T2 - Chemical Geology
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.03.012
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/23568
VL - 403
ER -