107 results found
Scadding GK, Scadding GW, 2022, Biologics for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, Vol: 149, Pages: 895-897, ISSN: 0091-6749
Scadding G, 2022, Real world evidence of long-term benefits from allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) Comment, LANCET REGIONAL HEALTH-EUROPE, Vol: 13, ISSN: 2666-7762
Scadding GK, Scadding GW, 2022, Innate and adaptive immunity in allergic airway disease., Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol, Vol: 22, Pages: 10-15
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article explores recent findings on the involvement of innate immunity in allergic airways disease, concentrating on allergic rhinitis. RECENT FINDINGS: We speculate on the ways in which environmental influences act to initiate inflammation and on how these may have altered in recent decades. Improved understanding of the mechanisms involved may reveal future possibilities for therapy. SUMMARY: The complex nature of immunity - both innate and acquired - in airways disease has implications for prevention and for therapy and requires further elucidation.
Gauvreau GM, Davis BE, Scadding G, et al., 2022, Allergen Provocation Tests in Respiratory Research: Building on 50 Years of Experience., Eur Respir J
Allergen provocation test is an established model of allergic airway diseases, including asthma and allergic rhinitis, allowing the study of allergen-induced changes in respiratory physiology and inflammatory mechanisms in sensitised individuals as well as their associations. In the upper airways, allergen challenge is focused on the clinical and pathophysiological sequelae of the early allergic response and applied both as a diagnostic tool and in research settings. In contrast, the bronchial allergen challenge has almost exclusively served as a research tool in specialised research settings with a focus on the late asthmatic response and the underlying type 2 inflammation. The allergen-induced late asthmatic response is also characterised by prolonged airway narrowing, increased non-specific airway hyperresponsiveness and features of airway remodelling including the small airways, and hence, allows the study of several key mechanisms and features of asthma. In line with these characteristics, the allergen challenge has served as a valued tool to study the crosstalk of the upper and lower airways and in proof of mechanism studies of drug development. In recent years, several new insights into respiratory phenotypes and endotypes including the involvement of the upper and small airways, innovative biomarker sampling methods and detection techniques, refined lung function testing as well as targeted treatment options, further shaped the applicability of the allergen provocation test in precision medicine. These topics, along with descriptions of subject populations and safety, in line with the updated GINA2021, will be addressed in this paper.
Verani L, Skypala IJ, Gunawardana N, et al., 2021, Crustacean allergy in clinical practice: a retrospective study comparing diagnostic modalities, Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 1673-1673, ISSN: 0954-7894
Shamji MH, Larson D, Eifan A, et al., 2021, Differential induction of allergen-specific IgA responses following timothy grass subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy, JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, Vol: 148, Pages: 1061-+, ISSN: 0091-6749
Han JK, Bachert C, Fokkens W, et al., 2021, Mepolizumab for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (SYNAPSE): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial., Lancet Respir Med, Vol: 9, Pages: 1141-1153
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps affects approximately 2-4% of the general population, and long-term use of systemic corticosteroids is associated with adverse effects. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of mepolizumab in adults with recurrent, refractory severe bilateral chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. METHODS: SYNAPSE was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase 3 trial done at 93 centres, mainly hospitals, in 11 countries. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older with recurrent, refractory, severe, bilateral nasal polyp symptoms (nasal obstruction symptom visual analogue scale [VAS] score of >5), were eligible for repeat nasal surgery (overall symptoms VAS score >7 and endoscopic nasal polyps score of ≥5, with a minimum score of 2 in each nasal cavity) despite standard of care treatment, and had to have at least one nasal surgery in the past 10 years. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1), using permuted block design, to receive either 100 mg mepolizumab subcutaneously or placebo once every 4 weeks, in addition to standard of care (mometasone furoate intranasal spray for at least 8 weeks before screening and during the study, saline nasal irrigations, systemic corticosteroids or antibiotics, or both), as required, for 52 weeks. Site staff, the central study team, and patients were masked to study treatment and absolute blood eosinophil counts. The coprimary endpoints were change from baseline in total endoscopic nasal polyp score at week 52 and in mean nasal obstruction VAS score during weeks 49-52, assessed in the intention-to-treat population (ITT). This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03085797. FINDINGS: From May 25, 2017, to Dec 12, 2018, 854 patients were screened for eligibility. 414 patients were randomly assigned with 407 included in the ITT population; 206 received mepolizumab and 201 received placebo. Total endoscopic nasal polyp score signi
Turner P, 2021, Identifying key priorities for research to protect the consumer with food hypersensitivity: a UK Food Standards Agency Priority Setting Exercise, Clinical and Experimental Allergy, Vol: 51, Pages: 1322-1330, ISSN: 0954-7894
IntroductionFood hypersensitivity (FHS), including food allergy, coeliac disease and food intolerance, is a major public health issue. The Food Standards Agency (FSA), an independent UK Government department working to protect public health and consumers’ wider interests in food, sought to identify research priorities in the area of FHS.MethodsA priority setting exercise was undertaken, using a methodology adapted from the James Lind Alliance—the first such exercise with respect to food hypersensitivity. A UK-wide public consultation was held to identify unanswered research questions. After excluding diagnostics, desensitization treatment and other questions which were out of scope for FSA or where FSA was already commissioning research, 15 indicative questions were identified and prioritized by a range of stakeholders, representing food businesses, patient groups, health care and academia, local authorities and the FSA.Results295 responses were received during the public consultation, which were categorized into 70 sub-questions and used to define 15 key evidence uncertainties (‘indicative questions’) for prioritization. Using the JLA prioritization framework, this resulted in 10 priority uncertainties in evidence, from which 16 research questions were developed. These could be summarized under the following 5 themes: communication of allergens both within the food supply chain and then to the end consumer (ensuring trust in allergen communication); the impact of socio-economic factors on consumers with FHS; drivers of severe reactions; mechanism(s) underlying loss of tolerance in FHS; and the risks posed by novel allergens/processing.DiscussionIn this first research prioritization exercise for food allergy and FHS, key priorities identified to protect the food-allergic public were strategies to help allergic consumers to make confident food choices, prevention of FHS and increasing understanding of socio-economic impacts. Diagnosis and trea
Scadding GK, Scadding GW, 2021, Innate and Adaptive Immunity: ILC2 and Th2 Cells in Upper and Lower Airway Allergic Diseases, JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY-IN PRACTICE, Vol: 9, Pages: 1851-1857, ISSN: 2213-2198
Eifan A, Scadding G, Durham S, et al., 2021, Comparison of nasal allergen challenges with dissolved Timothy Grass pollen tablets and aqueous extract, Allergy, Vol: 76, Pages: 1543-1545, ISSN: 0105-4538
Sharif H, Acharya S, Dhondalay GKR, et al., 2021, Altered chromatin landscape in circulating T follicular helper and regulatory cells following grass pollen subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Vol: 147, Pages: 663-676, ISSN: 0091-6749
BACKGROUND: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is a disease-modifying treatment that induces long-term T cell tolerance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of circulating CXCR5+PD-1+T follicular helper (cTFH) and T follicular regulatory (TFR) cells following grass pollen subcutaneous (SCIT) and sublingual (SLIT) immunotherapy and the accompanying changes in their chromatin landscape. METHODS: Phenotype and function of cTFH cells were initially evaluated in grass pollen-allergics (GPA, n= 28) and non-atopic controls (NAC, n=13) by mathematical algorithms developed to manage high-dimensional data and cell culture, respectively. cTFH and TFR cells were further enumerated in NAC (n=12), GPA (n=14), SCIT (n=10) and SLIT (n=8)-treated groups. Chromatin accessibility in cTFH and TFR cells was assessed by ATAC-seq to investigate epigenetic mechanisms underlying the differences between NAC, GPA, SCIT and SLIT. RESULTS: cTFH cells were shown to be distinct from TH2 and TH2A cell subsets, capable of secreting IL-4 and IL-21. Both cytokines synergistically promoted B cell class switching to IgE and plasma cell differentiation. Grass pollen allergen induced cTFH cell proliferation in GPA but not in NAC (P<.05). cTFH cells were higher in GPA compared to NAC and were lower in SCIT and SLIT (P<.01). Time-dependent induction of IL-4, IL-21 and IL-6 were observed in nasal mucosa following intranasal allergen challenge in GPA but not in SCIT and SLIT groups. TFR and IL-10+ cTFH cells were induced in SCIT and SLIT (all, P<.01). ATAC-seq analyses revealed differentially accessible chromatin regions in all groups. CONCLUSION: For the first time, we showed dysregulation of cTFH cells in GPA compared to NAC, SCIT and SLIT and induction of TFR and IL-10+ cTFH cells following SCIT and SLIT. Changes in the chromatin landscape were observed following AIT in cTFH and TFR cells.
Sharif H, Fear D, Laisuan W, et al., 2020, IL-10+T follicular helper cells (CXCR5+PD-1+CD4+TFH10) promote immune tolerance and regulate b cell function following allergen immunotherapy: A proof-of-concept cross-sectional study, European-Academy-of-Allergology-and-Clinical-Immunology Digital Congress (EAACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 46-46, ISSN: 0105-4538
Parkin R, Laisuan W, Sanver D, et al., 2020, Evaluating a method validation to deplete, purify and determine the function of IgG4, IgA1 and IgA2 antibodies induced following sublingual immunotherapy in patients with allergic rhinitis, European-Academy-of-Allergology-and-Clinical-Immunology Digital Congress (EAACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 131-131, ISSN: 0105-4538
Larson D, Patel P, Salapatek AM, et al., 2020, Nasal allergen challenge and environmental exposure chamber challenge: A randomized trial comparing clinical and biological responses to cat allergen, JOURNAL OF ALLERGY AND CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, Vol: 145, Pages: 1585-1597, ISSN: 0091-6749
Marone G, Granata F, Pucino V, et al., 2019, The Intriguing Role of Interleukin 13 in the Pathophysiology of Asthma, FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY, Vol: 10, ISSN: 1663-9812
Yi Y, Sharif H, Krasner-Macleod S, et al., 2019, Immunomodulation of CD4+CXCR5+PD-1+T follicular helper (Tfh) and CD4+CXCR5+PD-1+FoxP3+T follicular regulatory (Tfr) cell responses in grass pollen allergy, Congress of the European-Academy-of-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (EAACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 199-199, ISSN: 0105-4538
Lenormand M, Layhadi JA, Hu J, et al., 2019, Epigenetic changes in SATB1 gene in FoxP3+regulatory T cells reflect immune tolerance status during grass pollen subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy, Congress of the European-Academy-of-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (EAACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 63-64, ISSN: 0105-4538
Vila-Nadal G, Gunawardana N, Rey-Garcia H, et al., 2019, Successful intravaginal graded human seminal plasma desensitization in a Can F5 sensitized patient, Congress of the European-Academy-of-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (EAACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 706-707, ISSN: 0105-4538
Sharif H, Acharya S, Dhondalay GK, et al., 2019, Altered chromatin landscape in T follicular cells in seasonal allergic rhinitis and following allergen-specific immunotherapy, Congress of the European-Academy-of-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (EAACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 64-65, ISSN: 0105-4538
Garcia RH, Donovan J, Scadding G, et al., 2019, Is Pru p 3 a relevant test for lipid transfer protein allergy in a Northern European population?, Congress of the European-Academy-of-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (EAACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 142-142, ISSN: 0105-4538
Hull JH, Walsted ES, Feary J, et al., 2019, Continuous laryngoscopy during provocation in the assessment of inducible laryngeal obstruction, Laryngoscope, Vol: 129, Pages: 1863-1866, ISSN: 0023-852X
Heffler E, Brussino L, Del Giacco S, et al., 2019, New drugs in early-stage clinical trials for allergic rhinitis, EXPERT OPINION ON INVESTIGATIONAL DRUGS, Vol: 28, Pages: 267-273, ISSN: 1354-3784
Shamji MH, Layhadi JA, Achkova D, et al., 2019, Role of interleukin-35 in sublingual allergy immunotherapy, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Vol: 143, Pages: 1131-1142.e4, ISSN: 0091-6749
BACKGROUND: Grass pollen-specific immunotherapy involves immunomodulation of allergen-specific T helper 2 cell (Th2) responses and induction of IL-10+ and/or TGF-β+CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (iTregs). IL-35+CD4+CD25+Foxp3- T (iTR35) cells have been reported as a novel subset of iTregs with modulatory characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanisms underlying the induction and maintenance of immunological tolerance induced by IL-35 and iTR35 cells. METHODS: The biological effects of IL-35 was assessed on Group II innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s), dendritic cells (DCs) primed with TSLP, IL-25 and IL-33, B and Th2 cells by flow cytometry and qRT-PCR. Grass pollen-driven Th2 cell proliferation and cytokine production was measured by [3H]-thymidine and Luminex MagPix, respectively. iTr35 cells were quantified in grass pollen allergics (SAR, n=16), sublingual immunotherapy-treated patients (SLIT, n=16) and non-atopic controls (NAC, n=16). RESULTS: SAR had elevated proportions of ILC2s (P=.002), IL5+ (P=.042), IL13+ (P=.042) and IL5+IL13+ILC2s (P=.003) compared to NAC. IL-35 inhibited IL-5 and IL-13 production by ILC2s in the presence of IL-25 or IL-33 (P=.031) and allergen-driven Th2 cytokines by Teff cells. IL-35 inhibited CD40L, IL-4 and IL-21-mediated IgE production by B cells (P=.015), allergen-driven T cell proliferation (P=.001) and Th2 cytokine production by primed DCs. iTR35 cells suppressed Th2 cell proliferation and cytokine production. In addition, allergen-driven IL-35 levels and iTR35 cells were elevated in SLIT (all, P<.001) and NAC (all, P<.001) compared to SAR. CONCLUSION: IL-35 and iTR35 cells are potential novel immune-regulators induced by SLIT. The clinical relevance of SLIT may be underscored by the restoration of protective iTR35 cells.
Muluk NB, Cingi C, Scadding GK, et al., 2019, Chronic Rhinosinusitis-Could Phenotyping or Endotyping Aid Therapy?, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF RHINOLOGY & ALLERGY, Vol: 33, Pages: 83-93, ISSN: 1945-8924
Layhadi JA, Achkova D, Kouser L, et al., 2018, Interleukin-35 regulates type II-mediated responses elicited by innate lymphoid cells in allergic diseases, Annual Meeting of the British-Society-for-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (BSACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 1548-1549, ISSN: 0954-7894
Layhadi J, Hu J, van Dijck A, et al., 2018, SATB1 expression and methylation reflect FOXP3(+) regulatory T cell activity during grass pollen immunotherapy, Annual Meeting of the British-Society-for-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (BSACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 1549-1549, ISSN: 0954-7894
Garcia HR, Gunawardana N, Wheeler K, et al., 2018, Can component resolved diagnosis predict the outcome of oral food challenge to hazelnut?, Annual Meeting of the British-Society-for-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (BSACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 1547-1547, ISSN: 0954-7894
Penagos M, Eifan AO, Durham SR, et al., 2018, Duration of allergen immunotherapy for long-term efficacy in allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, Current Treatment Options in Allergy, Vol: 5, Pages: 275-290, ISSN: 2196-3053
RationaleSubcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy are effective for allergic rhinitis. An important question is whether allergen immunotherapy provides a sustained clinical effect after treatment cessation. In view of potential side effects, cost and the necessary patient commitment, long-term benefit is an important consideration for the recommendation of immunotherapy over standard pharmacotherapy.Purpose of reviewIn this review, we analyse the existing evidence for long-term effects of both routes of administration in the context of double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised clinical trials that included a follow-up phase of at least 1 year after treatment cessation.Recent findingsOverall, evidence suggests that 3 years of either subcutaneous or sublingual immunotherapy result in clinical benefit and immunological changes consistent with allergen-specific tolerance sustained for at least 2–3 years after treatment cessation.SummaryThe data presented here support recommendations in international guidelines that both routes of administration should be continued for a minimum of 3 years. Gaps in the evidence remain regarding the long-term efficacy of immunotherapy for perennial rhinitis and studies performed in children.
Rey-Garcia H, Gunawardana N, Wheeler K, et al., 2018, The predictive value of allergy tests in the diagnosis of peanut allergy in adults, Congress of the European-Academy-of-Allergy-and-Clinical-Immunology (EAACI), Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 422-422, ISSN: 0105-4538
This data is extracted from the Web of Science and reproduced under a licence from Thomson Reuters. You may not copy or re-distribute this data in whole or in part without the written consent of the Science business of Thomson Reuters.