Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Physics

Research Associate







729Blackett LaboratorySouth Kensington Campus





Publication Type

6 results found

Tear GR, Chapman DJ, Proud WG, Ottley PR, Cullis IG, Gould PJ, Jones AWet al., 2018, The use of PDV to understand damage in rocket motor propellants, 20th Biennial Conference of the Topical-Group of the American-Physical-Society (APS) on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (SCCM), Publisher: AIP Publishing, ISSN: 1551-7616

Photonic Doppler Velocimetry (PDV) has been fielded on small scale fragment impact experiments on double base propellant. A 130 mm block of propellant was impacted with a 20 mm diameter cylinder at 1003 ± 10 m s-1 and four PDV probes recorded rear surface motion at different radial distances between 10 mm and 60 mm from impact centre. The PDV was fielded alongside high speed video diagnostics using a dichroic mirror which reflected visible light whilst transmitting the 1550 nm wavelength which the PDV operated at. The rear surface velocity was compared to 2D numerical simulations of the experiment and found to be in good agreement. Additional material moving at up to 2 km s-1 was detected at break out.

Conference paper

Nguyen T-TN, Tear GR, Masouros SD, Proud WGet al., 2018, Fragment Penetrating Injury to Long Bones, 20th Biennial Conference of the Topical-Group of the American-Physical-Society (APS) on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (SCCM), Publisher: AMER INST PHYSICS, ISSN: 0094-243X

Conference paper

Tear G, Cohen A, Magnus D, Sory D, Proud Wet al., 2018, Damage characterisation for cement and concrete using microwave induced damage, International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Publisher: MDPI, ISSN: 2504-3900

Damage leading to failure in concrete and related materials is a complex behavior. Whilst many numerical approaches are available for simulating the degradation of material strength, it is difficult to discriminate between these models experimentally in the high strain rate ballistic impact regime. An experimental method has been developed to determine when local material failure has occurred, and whether the failure can be classed as fracture or granular flow. This method is tested on Kolsky bar and ballistic impact experiments. Comparison with numerical simulations is presented.

Conference paper

Tear GR, Chapman DJ, Eakins D, Proud Wet al., 2017, Birefringence measurements in single crystal sapphire and calcite shocked along the a axis, Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, Publisher: AIP Publishing, ISSN: 1551-7616

Calcite and sapphire were shock compressed along the ⟨101⎯⎯0⟩ direction (a axis) in a plate impact configuration. Polarimetery and Photonic Doppler Velocimetery (PDV) were used to measure the change in birefringence with particle velocity in the shock direction. Results for sapphire agree well with linear photoelastic theory and current literature showing a linear relationship between birefringence and particle velocity up to 310 m s−1. A maximum change in birefringence of 5% was observed. Calcite however showed anomolous behaviour with no detectable change in birefringence (less than 0.1%) over the range of particle velocities studied (up to 75 m s−1).

Conference paper

Tear GR, Proud WG, 2017, Predicting the Optical Behaviour of Shock Compressed Dielectrics, 19th Biennial American-Physical-Society (APS) Conference on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter (SCCM), Publisher: AMER INST PHYSICS, ISSN: 0094-243X

Conference paper

Tear GR, Eakins DE, Chapman DJ, Proud WGet al., 2014, Technique to measure change in birefringence under shock compression, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol: 500, ISSN: 1742-6588

A technique has been developed to measure the change in birefringence along the axis of shock propagation, probing the relative refractive indices of the material perpendicular to shock propagation. Experiments were performed on calcite single crystals and the results compared to previous literature studies on calcite quasi-static behaviour. Interface velocities are determined using fibre based homodyne Photon Doppler Velocimetry (PDV) operating at 1550 nm whilst the birefringence technique uses free space 532 nm optics. A change in birefringence of Δn = 0.0029 ± 0.0001 was observed. This was higher than the predicted change found using a hydrostatic model based on previous studies.

Journal article

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