Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Aeronautics

Research Postgraduate







210City and Guilds BuildingSouth Kensington Campus





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Zhu H, 2021, Real-time prognostics of engineered systems under time varying external conditions based on the COX PHM and VARX hybrid approach, Sensors, Vol: 21, ISSN: 1424-8220

In spite of the development of the Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) during past decades, the reliability prognostics of engineered systems under time-varying external conditions still remains a challenge in such a field. When considering the challenge mentioned above, a hybrid method for predicting the reliability index and the Remaining Useful Life (RUL) of engineered systems under time-varying external conditions is proposed in this paper. The proposed method is competent in reflecting the influence of time-varying external conditions on the degradation behaviour of engineered systems. Based on a subset of the Commercial Modular Aero-Propulsion System Simulation (C-MAPSS) dataset as case studies, the Cox Proportional Hazards Model (Cox PHM) with time-varying covariates is utilised to generate the reliability indices of individual turbofan units. Afterwards, a Vector Autoregressive model with Exogenous variables (VARX) combined with pairwise Conditional Granger Causality (CGC) tests for sensor selections is defined to model the time-varying influence of sensor signals on the reliability indices of different units that have been previously generated by the Cox PHM with time-varying covariates. During the reliability prediction, the Fourier Grey Model (FGM) is employed with the time series models for long-term forecasting of the external conditions. The results show that the method that is proposed in this paper is competent for the RUL prediction as compared with baseline approaches.

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