Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Photochemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5321j.durrant Website




Miss Lisa Benbow +44 (0)20 7594 5883




G22CMolecular Sciences Research HubWhite City Campus






BibTex format

author = {Selim, S and Francàs, L and García-Tecedor, M and Corby, S and Blackman, C and Gimenez, S and Durrant, JR and Kafizas, A},
doi = {10.1039/c8sc04679d},
journal = {Chemical Science},
title = {WO3/BiVO4: impact of charge separation at the timescale of water oxidation},
url = {},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The four hole oxidation of water has long been considered the kinetic bottleneck for overall solar-driven water splitting, and thus requires the formation of long-lived photogenerated holes to overcome this kinetic barrier. However, photogenerated charges are prone to recombination unless they can be spatially separated. This can be achieved by coupling materials with staggered conduction and valence band positions, providing a thermodynamic driving force for charge separation. This has most aptly been demonstrated in the WO3/BiVO4 junction, in which quantum efficiencies for the water oxidation reaction can approach near unity. However, the charge carrier dynamics in this system remain elusive over timescales relevant to water oxidation (μs–s). In this work, the effect of charge separation on carrier lifetime, and the voltage dependence of this process, is probed using transient absorption spectroscopy and transient photocurrent measurements, revealing sub-μs electron transfer from BiVO4 to WO3. The interface formed between BiVO4 and WO3 is shown to overcome the “dead-layer effect” encountered in BiVO4 alone. Moreover, our study sheds light on the role of the WO3/BiVO4 junction in enhancing the efficiency of the water oxidation reaction, where charge separation across the WO3/BiVO4 junction improves both the yield and lifetime of holes present in the BiVO4 layer over timescales relevant to water oxidation.
AU - Selim,S
AU - Francàs,L
AU - García-Tecedor,M
AU - Corby,S
AU - Blackman,C
AU - Gimenez,S
AU - Durrant,JR
AU - Kafizas,A
DO - 10.1039/c8sc04679d
PY - 2019///
SN - 2041-6520
TI - WO3/BiVO4: impact of charge separation at the timescale of water oxidation
T2 - Chemical Science
UR -
UR -
ER -