Imperial College London

ProfessorJaspalKooner

Faculty of MedicineNational Heart & Lung Institute

Professor Clinical Cardiology
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 3313 4751j.kooner

 
 
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Location

 

Hammersmith HospitalHammersmith Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

190 results found

Gerber RT, ASP S, Sachdev B, Tang K, Khamis R, Watson G, Patterson T, Badhusha N, Kooner JSet al., 2015, Reproducibilty of the syntax score in a real world setting: implications for the choice of contemporary revascularisation strategy, BCS, Pages: A20-A21

Conference paper

Yaghootkar H, Scott RA, White CC, Zhang W, Speliotes E, Munroe PB, Ehret GB, Bis JC, Fox CS, Walker M, Borecki IB, Knowles JW, Yerges-Armstrong L, Ohlsson C, Perry JRB, Chambers JC, Kooner JS, Franceschini N, Langenberg C, Hivert M-F, Dastani Z, Richards JB, Semple RK, Frayling TMet al., 2014, Genetic evidence for a normal-weight "metabolically obese" phenotype linking insulin resistance, hypertension, coronary artery disease, and type 2 diabetes, Diabetes, Vol: 63, Pages: 4369-4377, ISSN: 0012-1797

The mechanisms that predispose to hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD), and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in individuals of normal weight are poorly understood. In contrast, in monogenic primary lipodystrophy—a reduction in subcutaneous adipose tissue—it is clear that it is adipose dysfunction that causes severe insulin resistance (IR), hypertension, CAD, and T2D. We aimed to test the hypothesis that common alleles associated with IR also influence the wider clinical and biochemical profile of monogenic IR. We selected 19 common genetic variants associated with fasting insulin–based measures of IR. We used hierarchical clustering and results from genome-wide association studies of eight nondisease outcomes of monogenic IR to group these variants. We analyzed genetic risk scores against disease outcomes, including 12,171 T2D cases, 40,365 CAD cases, and 69,828 individuals with blood pressure measurements. Hierarchical clustering identified 11 variants associated with a metabolic profile consistent with a common, subtle form of lipodystrophy. A genetic risk score consisting of these 11 IR risk alleles was associated with higher triglycerides (β = 0.018; P = 4 × 10−29), lower HDL cholesterol (β = −0.020; P = 7 × 10−37), greater hepatic steatosis (β = 0.021; P = 3 × 10−4), higher alanine transaminase (β = 0.002; P = 3 × 10−5), lower sex-hormone-binding globulin (β = −0.010; P = 9 × 10−13), and lower adiponectin (β = −0.015; P = 2 × 10−26). The same risk alleles were associated with lower BMI (per-allele β = −0.008; P = 7 × 10−8) and increased visceral-to-subcutaneous adipose tissue ratio (β = −0.015; P = 6 × 10−7). Individuals carrying ≥17 fasting insulin–raising alleles (5.5% population) were slimmer (0.30 kg/m2) but at increased risk of T2D (odds ratio [OR] 1.46; per-allele P = 5

Journal article

Wood AR, Esko T, Yang J, Vedantam S, Pers TH, Gustafsson S, Chun AY, Estrada K, Luan J, Kutalik Z, Amin N, Buchkovich ML, Croteau-Chonka DC, Day FR, Duan Y, Fall T, Fehrmann R, Ferreira T, Jackson AU, Karjalainen J, Lo KS, Locke AE, Maegi R, Mihailov E, Porcu E, Randall JC, Scherag A, Vinkhuyzen AAE, Westra H-J, Winkler TW, Workalemahu T, Zhao JH, Absher D, Albrecht E, Anderson D, Baron J, Beekman M, Demirkan A, Ehret GB, Feenstra B, Feitosa MF, Fischer K, Fraser RM, Goel A, Gong J, Justice AE, Kanoni S, Kleber ME, Kristiansson K, Lim U, Lotay V, Lui JC, Mangino M, Leach IM, Medina-Gomez C, Nalls MA, Nyholt DR, Palmer CD, Pasko D, Pechlivanis S, Prokopenko I, Ried JS, Ripke S, Shungin D, Stancakova A, Strawbridge RJ, Sung YJ, Tanaka T, Teumer A, Trompet S, van der Laan SW, van Setten J, Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk JV, Wang Z, Yengo L, Zhang W, Afzal U, Arnloev J, Arscott GM, Bandinelli S, Barrett A, Bellis C, Bennett AJ, Berne C, Blueher M, Bolton JL, Boettcher Y, Boyd HA, Bruinenberg M, Buckley BM, Buyske S, Caspersen IH, Chines PS, Clarke R, Claudi-Boehm S, Cooper M, Daw EW, De Jong PA, Deelen J, Delgado G, Denny JC, Dhonukshe-Rutten R, Dimitriou M, Doney ASF, Doerr M, Eklund N, Eury E, Folkersen L, Garcia ME, Geller F, Giedraitis V, Go AS, Grallert H, Grammer TB, Graessler J, Groenberg H, de Groot LCPGM, Groves CJ, Haessler J, Hall P, Haller T, Hallmans G, Hannemann A, Hartman CA, Hassinen M, Hayward C, Heard-Costa NL, Helmer Q, Hemani G, Henders AK, Hillege HL, Hlatky MA, Hoffmann W, Hoffmann P, Holmen O, Houwing-Duistermaat JJ, Illig T, Isaacs A, James AL, Jeff J, Johansen B, Johansson A, Jolley J, Juliusdottir T, Junttila J, Kho AN, Kinnunen L, Klopp N, Kocher T, Kratzer W, Lichtner P, Lind L, Lindstroem J, Lobbens S, Lorentzon M, Lu Y, Lyssenko V, Magnusson PKE, Mahajan A, Maillard M, McArdle WL, McKenzie CA, McLachlan S, McLaren PJ, Menni C, Merger S, Milani L, Moayyeri A, Monda KL, Morken MA, Mueller G, Mueller-Nurasyid M, Musk AW, Narisu N, Nauck M, Nolte IM, Noet al., 2014, Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height, Nature Genetics, Vol: 46, Pages: 1173-1186, ISSN: 1546-1718

Using genome-wide data from 253,288 individuals, we identified 697 variants at genome-wide significance that together explained one-fifth of the heritability for adult height. By testing different numbers of variants in independent studies, we show that the most strongly associated ~2,000, ~3,700 and ~9,500 SNPs explained ~21%, ~24% and ~29% of phenotypic variance. Furthermore, all common variants together captured 60% of heritability. The 697 variants clustered in 423 loci were enriched for genes, pathways and tissue types known to be involved in growth and together implicated genes and pathways not highlighted in earlier efforts, such as signaling by fibroblast growth factors, WNT/β-catenin and chondroitin sulfate–related genes. We identified several genes and pathways not previously connected with human skeletal growth, including mTOR, osteoglycin and binding of hyaluronic acid. Our results indicate a genetic architecture for human height that is characterized by a very large but finite number (thousands) of causal variants.

Journal article

Xi B, Takeuchi F, Meirhaeghe A, Kato N, Chambers JC, Morris AP, Cho YS, Zhang W, Mohlke KL, Kooner JS, Shu XO, Pan H, Tai ES, Pan H, Wu J-Y, Zhou D, Chandak GRet al., 2014, Associations of genetic variants in/near body mass index-associated genes with type 2 diabetes: a systematic meta-analysis, CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, Vol: 81, Pages: 702-710, ISSN: 0300-0664

Journal article

Chen L, Kostadima M, Martens JHA, Canu G, Garcia SP, Turro E, Downes K, Macaulay IC, Bielczyk-Maczynska E, Coe S, Farrow S, Poudel P, Burden F, Jansen SBG, Astle WJ, Attwood A, Bariana T, de Bono B, Breschi A, Chambers JC, Choudry FA, Clarke L, Coupland P, van der Ent M, Erber WN, Jansen JH, Favier R, Fenech ME, Foad N, Freson K, van Geet C, Gomez K, Guigo R, Hampshire D, Kelly AM, Kerstens HHD, Kooner JS, Laffan M, Lentaigne C, Labalette C, Martin T, Meacham S, Mumford A, Nuernberg S, Palumbo E, van der Reijden BA, Richardson D, Sammut SJ, Slodkowicz G, Tamuri AU, Vasquez L, Voss K, Watt S, Westbury S, Flicek P, Loos R, Goldman N, Bertone P, Read RJ, Richardson S, Cvejic A, Soranzo N, Ouwehand WH, Stunnenberg HG, Frontini M, Rendon Aet al., 2014, Transcriptional diversity during lineage commitment of human blood progenitors, SCIENCE, Vol: 345, Pages: 1580-+, ISSN: 0036-8075

Journal article

Chambers JC, Abbott J, Zhang W, Turro E, Scott WR, Tan S-T, Afzal U, Afaq S, Loh M, Lehne B, O'Reilly P, Gaulton KJ, Pearson RD, Li X, Lavery A, Vandrovcova J, Wass MN, Miller K, Sehmi J, Oozageer L, Kooner IK, Al-Hussaini A, Mills R, Grewal J, Panoulas V, Lewin AM, Northwood K, Wander GS, Geoghegan F, Li Y, Wang J, Aitman TJ, McCarthy MI, Scott J, Butcher S, Elliott P, Kooner JSet al., 2014, The South Asian Genome, PLOS One, Vol: 9, ISSN: 1932-6203

The genetic sequence variation of people from the Indian subcontinent who comprise one-quarter of the world's population, is not well described. We carried out whole genome sequencing of 168 South Asians, along with whole-exome sequencing of 147 South Asians to provide deeper characterisation of coding regions. We identify 12,962,155 autosomal sequence variants, including 2,946,861 new SNPs and 312,738 novel indels. This catalogue of SNPs and indels amongst South Asians provides the first comprehensive map of genetic variation in this major human population, and reveals evidence for selective pressures on genes involved in skin biology, metabolism, infection and immunity. Our results will accelerate the search for the genetic variants underlying susceptibility to disorders such as type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease which are highly prevalent amongst South Asians.

Journal article

Tan ST, Scott W, Panoulas V, Sehmi J, Zhang W, Scott J, Elliott P, Chambers J, Kooner JSet al., 2014, Coronary heart disease in Indian Asians., Global Cardiology Science & Practice, Vol: 2014, Pages: 13-23, ISSN: 2305-7823

The Indian Asian population accounts for a fifth of all global deaths from coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD deaths on the Indian subcontinent have doubled since 1990, and are predicted to rise a further 50% by 2030. Reasons underlying the increased CHD mortality among Indian Asians remain unknown. Although conventional cardiovascular risk factors contribute to CHD in Indian Asians as in other populations, these do not account for their increased risk. Type-2 diabetes, insulin resistance and related metabolic disturbances are more prevalent amongst Indian Asians than Europeans, and have been proposed as major determinants of higher CHD risk among Indian Asians. However, this view is not supported by prospective data. Genome-wide association studies have not identified differences in allele frequencies or effect sizes in known loci to explain the increased CHD risk in Indian Asians. Limited knowledge of mechanisms underlying higher CHD risk amongst Indian Asians presents a major obstacle to reducing the burden of CHD in this population. Systems biology approaches such as genomics, epigenomics, metabolomics and transcriptomics, provide a non-biased approach for discovery of novel biomarkers and disease pathways underlying CHD. Incorporation of these 'omic' approaches in prospective Indian Asian cohorts such as the London Life Sciences Population Study (LOLIPOP) provide an exciting opportunity for the identification of new risk factors underlying CHD in this high risk population.

Journal article

Al-Hussaini A, Kooner JS, John C, 2013, Novel Metabolic Biomarkers Predict Cardiovascular Mortality, Scientific Sessions and Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American-Heart-Association, Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, ISSN: 0009-7322

Conference paper

Do R, Willer CJ, Schmidt EM, Sengupta S, Gao C, Peloso GM, Gustafsson S, Kanoni S, Ganna A, Chen J, Buchkovich ML, Mora S, Beckmann JS, Bragg-Gresham JL, Chang H-Y, Demirkan A, Den Hertog HM, Donnelly LA, Ehret GB, Esko T, Feitosa MF, Ferreira T, Fischer K, Fontanillas P, Fraser RM, Freitag DF, Gurdasani D, Heikkila K, Hyppoenen E, Isaacs A, Jackson AU, Johansson A, Johnson T, Kaakinen M, Kettunen J, Kleber ME, Li X, Luan J, Lyytikainen L-P, Magnusson PKE, Mangino M, Mihailov E, Montasser ME, Mueller-Nurasyid M, Nolte IM, O'Connell JR, Palmer CD, Perola M, Petersen A-K, Sanna S, Saxena R, Service SK, Shah S, Shungin D, Sidore C, Song C, Strawbridge RJ, Surakka I, Tanaka T, Teslovich TM, Thorleifsson G, Van den Herik EG, Voight BF, Volcik KA, Waite LL, Wong A, Wu Y, Zhang W, Absher D, Asiki G, Barroso I, Been LF, Bolton JL, Bonnycastle LL, Brambilla P, Burnett MS, Cesana G, Dimitriou M, Doney ASF, Doering A, Elliott P, Epstein SE, Eyjolfsson GI, Gigante B, Goodarzi MO, Grallert H, Gravito ML, Groves CJ, Hallmans G, Hartikainen A-L, Hayward C, Hernandez D, Hicks AA, Holm H, Hung Y-J, Illig T, Jones MR, Kaleebu P, Kastelein JJP, Khaw K-T, Kim E, Klopp N, Komulainen P, Kumari M, Langenberg C, Lehtimaki T, Lin S-Y, Lindstrom J, Loos RJF, Mach F, McArdle WL, Meisinger C, Mitchell BD, Mueller G, Nagaraja R, Narisu N, Nieminen TVM, Nsubuga RN, Olafsson I, Ong KK, Palotie A, Papamarkou T, Pomilla C, Pouta A, Rader DJ, Reilly MP, Ridker PM, Rivadeneira F, Rudan I, Ruokonen A, Samani N, Scharnagl H, Seeley J, Silander K, Stancakova A, Stirrups K, Swift AJ, Tiret L, Uitterlinden AG, van Pelt LJ, Vedantam S, Wainwright N, Wijmenga C, Wild SH, Willemsen G, Wilsgaard T, Wilson JF, Young EH, Zhao JH, Adair LS, Arveiler D, Assimes TL, Bandinelli S, Bennett F, Bochud M, Boehm BO, Boomsma DI, Borecki IB, Bornstein SR, Bovet P, Burnier M, Campbell H, Chakravarti A, Chambers JC, Chen Y-DI, Collins FS, Cooper RS, Danesh J, Dedoussis G, de Faire U, Feranil AB, Ferrieres J, Ferrucci L, Freet al., 2013, Common variants associated with plasma triglycerides and risk for coronary artery disease, Nature Genetics, Vol: 45, Pages: 1345-1352, ISSN: 1061-4036

Triglycerides are transported in plasma by specific triglyceride-rich lipoproteins; in epidemiological studies, increased triglyceride levels correlate with higher risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, it is unclear whether this association reflects causal processes. We used 185 common variants recently mapped for plasma lipids (P < 5 × 10−8 for each) to examine the role of triglycerides in risk for CAD. First, we highlight loci associated with both low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride levels, and we show that the direction and magnitude of the associations with both traits are factors in determining CAD risk. Second, we consider loci with only a strong association with triglycerides and show that these loci are also associated with CAD. Finally, in a model accounting for effects on LDL-C and/or high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels, the strength of a polymorphism's effect on triglyceride levels is correlated with the magnitude of its effect on CAD risk. These results suggest that triglyceride-rich lipoproteins causally influence risk for CAD.

Journal article

Willer CJ, Schmidt EM, Sengupta S, Peloso GM, Gustafsson S, Kanoni S, Ganna A, Chen J, Buchkovich ML, Mora S, Beckmann JS, Bragg-Gresham JL, Chang H-Y, Demirkan A, Den Hertog HM, Do R, Donnelly LA, Ehret GB, Esko T, Feitosa MF, Ferreira T, Fischer K, Fontanillas P, Fraser RM, Freitag DF, Gurdasani D, Heikkila K, Hyppoenen E, Isaacs A, Jackson AU, Johansson A, Johnson T, Kaakinen M, Kettunen J, Kleber ME, Li X, Luan J, Lyytikainen L-P, Magnusson PKE, Mangino M, Mihailov E, Montasser ME, Mueller-Nurasyid M, Nolte IM, O'Connell JR, Palmer CD, Perola M, Petersen A-K, Sanna S, Saxena R, Service SK, Shah S, Shungin D, Sidore C, Song C, Strawbridge RJ, Surakka I, Tanaka T, Teslovich TM, Thorleifsson G, Van den Herik EG, Voight BF, Volcik KA, Waite LL, Wong A, Wu Y, Zhang W, Absher D, Asiki G, Barroso I, Been LF, Bolton JL, Bonnycastle LL, Brambilla P, Burnett MS, Cesana G, Dimitriou M, Doney ASF, Doering A, Elliott P, Epstein SE, Eyjolfsson GI, Gigante B, Goodarzi MO, Grallert H, Gravito ML, Groves CJ, Hallmans G, Hartikainen A-L, Hayward C, Hernandez D, Hicks AA, Holm H, Hung Y-J, Illig T, Jones MR, Kaleebu P, Kastelein JJP, Khaw K-T, Kim E, Klopp N, Komulainen P, Kumari M, Langenberg C, Lehtimaki T, Lin S-Y, Lindstrom J, Loos RJF, Mach F, McArdle WL, Meisinger C, Mitchell BD, Mueller G, Nagaraja R, Narisu N, Nieminen TVM, Nsubuga RN, Olafsson I, Ong KK, Palotie A, Papamarkou T, Pomilla C, Pouta A, Rader DJ, Reilly MP, Ridker PM, Rivadeneira F, Rudan I, Ruokonen A, Samani N, Scharnagl H, Seeley J, Silander K, Stancakova A, Stirrups K, Swift AJ, Tiret L, Uitterlinden AG, van Pelt LJ, Vedantam S, Wainwright N, Wijmenga C, Wild SH, Willemsen G, Wilsgaard T, Wilson JF, Young EH, Zhao JH, Adair LS, Arveiler D, Assimes TL, Bandinelli S, Bennett F, Bochud M, Boehm BO, Boomsma DI, Borecki IB, Bornstein SR, Bovet P, Burnier M, Campbell H, Chakravarti A, Chambers JC, Chen Y-DI, Collins FS, Cooper RS, Danesh J, Dedoussis G, de Faire U, Feranil AB, Ferrieres J, Ferrucci L, Freimer NBet al., 2013, Discovery and refinement of loci associated with lipid levels, Nature Genetics, Vol: 45, Pages: 1274-1283, ISSN: 1061-4036

Levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides and total cholesterol are heritable, modifiable risk factors for coronary artery disease. To identify new loci and refine known loci influencing these lipids, we examined 188,577 individuals using genome-wide and custom genotyping arrays. We identify and annotate 157 loci associated with lipid levels at P < 5 × 10−8, including 62 loci not previously associated with lipid levels in humans. Using dense genotyping in individuals of European, East Asian, South Asian and African ancestry, we narrow association signals in 12 loci. We find that loci associated with blood lipid levels are often associated with cardiovascular and metabolic traits, including coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, blood pressure, waist-hip ratio and body mass index. Our results demonstrate the value of using genetic data from individuals of diverse ancestry and provide insights into the biological mechanisms regulating blood lipids to guide future genetic, biological and therapeutic research.

Journal article

O'Seaghdha CM, Wu H, Yang Q, Kapur K, Guessous I, Zuber AM, Koettgen A, Stoudmann C, Teumer A, Kutalik Z, Mangino M, Dehghan A, Zhang W, Eiriksdottir G, Li G, Tanaka T, Portas L, Lopez LM, Hayward C, Lohman K, Matsuda K, Padmanabhan S, Firsov D, Sorice R, Ulivi S, Brockhaus AC, Kleber ME, Mahajan A, Ernst FD, Gudnason V, Launer LJ, Mace A, Boerwinckle E, Arking DE, Tanikawa C, Nakamura Y, Brown MJ, Gaspoz J-M, Theler J-M, Siscovick DS, Psaty BM, Bergmann S, Vollenweider P, Vitart V, Wright AF, Zemunik T, Boban M, Kolcic I, Navarro P, Brown EM, Estrada K, Ding J, Harris TB, Bandinelli S, Hernandez D, Singleton AB, Girotto G, Ruggiero D, d'Adamo AP, Robino A, Meitinger T, Meisinger C, Davies G, Starr JM, Chambers JC, Boehm BO, Winkelmann BR, Huang J, Murgia F, Wild SH, Campbell H, Morris AP, Franco OH, Hofman A, Uitterlinden AG, Rivadeneira F, Voelker U, Hannemann A, Biffar R, Hoffmann W, Shin S-Y, Lescuyer P, Henry H, Schurmann C, Munroe PB, Gasparini P, Pirastu N, Ciullo M, Gieger C, Maerz W, Lind L, Spector TD, Smith AV, Rudan I, Wilson JF, Polasek O, Deary IJ, Pirastu M, Ferrucci L, Liu Y, Kestenbaum B, Kooner JS, Witteman JCM, Nauck M, Kao WHL, Wallaschofski H, Bonny O, Fox CS, Bochud Met al., 2013, Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies six new loci for serum calcium concentrations, PLoS Genetics, Vol: 9, Pages: 1-13, ISSN: 1553-7390

Calcium is vital to the normal functioning of multiple organ systems and its serum concentration is tightly regulated. Apart from CASR, the genes associated with serum calcium are largely unknown. We conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 39,400 individuals from 17 population-based cohorts and investigated the 14 most strongly associated loci in ≤21,679 additional individuals. Seven loci (six new regions) in association with serum calcium were identified and replicated. Rs1570669 near CYP24A1 (P = 9.1E-12), rs10491003 upstream of GATA3 (P = 4.8E-09) and rs7481584 in CARS (P = 1.2E-10) implicate regions involved in Mendelian calcemic disorders: Rs1550532 in DGKD (P = 8.2E-11), also associated with bone density, and rs7336933 near DGKH/KIAA0564 (P = 9.1E-10) are near genes that encode distinct isoforms of diacylglycerol kinase. Rs780094 is in GCKR. We characterized the expression of these genes in gut, kidney, and bone, and demonstrate modulation of gene expression in bone in response to dietary calcium in mice. Our results shed new light on the genetics of calcium homeostasis.

Journal article

Sabater-Lleal M, Huang J, Chasman D, Naitza S, Dehghan A, Johnson AD, Teumer A, Reiner AP, Folkersen L, Basu S, Rudnicka AR, Trompet S, Malarstig A, Baumert J, Bis JC, Guo X, Hottenga JJ, Shin S-Y, Lopez LM, Lahti J, Tanaka T, Yanek LR, Oudot-Mellakh T, Wilson JF, Navarro P, Huffman JE, Zemunik T, Redline S, Mehra R, Pulanic D, Rudan I, Wright AF, Kolcic I, Polasek O, Wild SH, Campbell H, Curb JD, Wallace R, Liu S, Eaton CB, Becker DM, Becker LC, Bandinelli S, Raikkonen K, Widen E, Palotie A, Fornage M, Green D, Gross M, Davies G, Harris SE, Liewald DC, Starr JM, Williams FMK, Grant PJ, Spector TD, Strawbridge RJ, Silveira A, Sennblad B, Rivadeneira F, Uitterlinden AG, Franco OH, Hofman A, van Dongen J, Willemsen G, Boomsma DI, Yao J, Jenny NS, Haritunians T, McKnight B, Lumley T, Taylor KD, Rotter JI, Psaty BM, Peters A, Gieger C, Illig T, Grotevendt A, Homuth G, Voelzke H, Kocher T, Goel A, Franzosi MG, Seedorf U, Clarke R, Steri M, Tarasov KV, Sanna S, Schlessinger D, Stott DJ, Sattar N, Buckley BM, Rumley A, Lowe GD, McArdle WL, Chen M-H, Tofler GH, Song J, Boerwinkle E, Folsom AR, Rose LM, Franco-Cereceda A, Teichert M, Ikram MA, Mosley TH, Bevan S, Dichgans M, Rothwell PM, Sudlow CLM, Hopewell JC, Chambers JC, Saleheen D, Kooner JS, Danesh J, Nelson CP, Erdmann J, Reilly MP, Kathiresan S, Schunkert H, Morange P-E, Ferrucci L, Eriksson JG, Jacobs D, Deary IJ, Soranzo N, Witteman JCM, de Geus EJC, Tracy RP, Hayward C, Koenig W, Cucca F, Jukema JW, Eriksson P, Seshadri S, Markus HS, Watkins H, Samani NJ, Wallaschofski H, Smith NL, Tregouet D, Ridker PM, Tang W, Strachan DP, Hamsten A, O'Donnell CJet al., 2013, Multiethnic Meta-Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Studies in > 100 000 Subjects Identifies 23 FibrinogenAssociated Loci but No Strong Evidence of a Causal Association Between Circulating Fibrinogen and Cardiovascular Disease, CIRCULATION, Vol: 128, Pages: 1310-1324, ISSN: 0009-7322

Journal article

den Hoed M, Eijgelsheim M, Esko T, Brundel BJJM, Peal DS, Evans DM, Nolte IM, Segre AV, Holm H, Handsaker RE, Westra H-J, Johnson T, Isaacs A, Yang J, Lundby A, Zhao JH, Kim YJ, Go MJ, Almgren P, Bochud M, Boucher G, Cornelis MC, Gudbjartsson D, Hadley D, van der Harst P, Hayward C, den Heijer M, Igl W, Jackson AU, Kutalik Z, Luan J, Kemp JP, Kristiansson K, Ladenvall C, Lorentzon M, Montasser ME, Njajou OT, O'Reilly PF, Padmanabhan S, Pourcain BS, Rankinen T, Salo P, Tanaka T, Timpson NJ, Vitart V, Waite L, Wheeler W, Zhang W, Draisma HHM, Feitosa MF, Kerr KF, Lind PA, Mihailov E, Onland-Moret NC, Song C, Weedon MN, Xie W, Yengo L, Absher D, Albert CM, Alonso A, Arking DE, de Bakker PIW, Balkau B, Barlassina C, Benaglio P, Bis JC, Bouatia-Naji N, Brage S, Chanock SJ, Chines PS, Chung M, Darbar D, Dina C, Doerr M, Elliott P, Felix SB, Fischer K, Fuchsberger C, de Geus EJC, Goyette P, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Hartikainen A-L, Havulinna AS, Heckbert SR, Hicks AA, Hofman A, Holewijn S, Hoogstra-Berends F, Hottenga J-J, Jensen MK, Johansson A, Junttila J, Kaeaeb S, Kanon B, Ketkar S, Khaw K-T, Knowles JW, Kooner AS, Kors JA, Kumari M, Milani L, Laiho P, Lakatta EG, Langenberg C, Leusink M, Liu Y, Luben RN, Lunetta KL, Lynch SN, Markus MRP, Marques-Vidal P, Leach IM, McArdle WL, McCarroll SA, Medland SE, Miller KA, Montgomery GW, Morrison AC, Mueller-Nurasyid M, Navarro P, Nelis M, O'Connell JR, O'Donnell CJ, Ong KK, Newman AB, Peters A, Polasek O, Pouta A, Pramstaller PP, Psaty BM, Rao DC, Ring SM, Rossin EJ, Rudan D, Sanna S, Scott RA, Sehmi JS, Sharp S, Shin JT, Singleton AB, Smith AV, Soranzo N, Spector TD, Stewart C, Stringham HM, Tarasov KV, Uitterlinden AG, Vandenput L, Hwang S-J, Whitfield JB, Wijmenga C, Wild SH, Willemsen G, Wilson JF, Witteman JCM, Wong A, Wong Q, Jamshidi Y, Zitting P, Boer JMA, Boomsma DI, Borecki IB, van Duijn CM, Ekelund U, Forouhi NG, Froguel P, Hingorani A, Ingelsson E, Kivimaki M, Kronmal RA, Kuh D, Lind L, Martin NG, Oostra BA, Pedersenet al., 2013, Identification of heart rate-associated loci and their effects on cardiac conduction and rhythm disorders, NATURE GENETICS, Vol: 45, Pages: 621-+, ISSN: 1061-4036

Journal article

Wang X, Chua H-X, Chen P, Ong RT-H, Sim X, Zhang W, Takeuchi F, Liu X, Khor C-C, Tay W-T, Cheng C-Y, Suo C, Liu J, Aung T, Chia K-S, Kooner JS, Chambers JC, Wong T-Y, Tai E-S, Kato N, Teo Y-Yet al., 2013, Comparing methods for performing trans-ethnic meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies, HUMAN MOLECULAR GENETICS, Vol: 22, Pages: 2303-2311, ISSN: 0964-6906

Journal article

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Circulating levels of adiponectin, a hormone produced predominantly by adipocytes, are highly heritable and are inverselyassociated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and other metabolic traits. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wideassociation studies in 39,883 individuals of European ancestry to identify genes associated with metabolic disease. Weidentified 8 novel loci associated with adiponectin levels and confirmed 2 previously reported loci (P = 4.561028–1.2610243). Using a novel method to combine data across ethnicities (N = 4,232 African Americans, N = 1,776 Asians, andN = 29,347 Europeans), we identified two additional novel loci. Expression analyses of 436 human adipocyte samplesrevealed that mRNA levels of 18 genes at candidate regions were associated with adiponectin concentrations afteraccounting for multiple testing (p,361024). We next developed a multi-SNP genotypic risk score to test the associationof adiponectin decreasing risk alleles on metabolic traits and diseases using consortia-level meta-analytic data. This riskscore was associated with increased risk of T2D (p = 4.361023, n = 22,044), increased triglycerides (p = 2.6610214,n = 93,440), increased waist-to-hip ratio (p = 1.861025, n = 77,167), increased glucose two hours post oral glucosetolerance testing (p = 4.461023, n = 15,234), increased fasting insulin (p = 0.015, n = 48,238), but with lower in HDLcholesterolconcentrations (p = 4.5610213, n = 96,748) and decreased BMI (p = 1.461024, n = 121,335). These findingsidentify novel genetic determinants of adiponectin levels, which, taken together, influence risk of T2D and markers ofinsulin resistance.

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Wain LV, Verwoert GC, O'Reilly PF, Shi G, Johnson T, Johnson AD, Bochud M, Rice KM, Henneman P, Smith AV, Ehret GB, Amin N, Larson MG, Mooser V, Hadley D, Doerr M, Bis JC, Aspelund T, Esko T, Janssens ACJW, Zhao JH, Heath S, Laan M, Fu J, Pistis G, Luan J, Arora P, Lucas G, Pirastu N, Pichler I, Jackson AU, Webster RJ, Zhang F, Peden JF, Schmidt H, Tanaka T, Campbell H, Igl W, Milaneschi Y, Hottenga J-J, Vitart V, Chasman DI, Trompet S, Bragg-Gresham JL, Alizadeh BZ, Chambers JC, Guo X, Lehtimaki T, Kuehnel B, Lopez LM, Polasek O, Boban M, Nelson CP, Morrison AC, Pihur V, Ganesh SK, Hofman A, Kundu S, Mattace-Raso FUS, Rivadeneira F, Sijbrands EJG, Uitterlinden AG, Hwang S-J, Vasan RS, Wang TJ, Bergmann S, Vollenweider P, Waeber G, Laitinen J, Pouta A, Zitting P, McArdle WL, Kroemer HK, Voelker U, Voelzke H, Glazer NL, Taylor KD, Harris TB, Alavere H, Haller T, Keis A, Tammesoo M-L, Aulchenko Y, Barroso I, Khaw K-T, Galan P, Hercberg S, Lathrop M, Eyheramendy S, Org E, Sober S, Lu X, Nolte IM, Penninx BW, Corre T, Masciullo C, Sala C, Groop L, Voight BF, Melander O, O'Donnell CJ, Salomaa V, d'Adamo AP, Fabretto A, Faletra F, Ulivi S, Del Greco FM, Facheris M, Collins FS, Bergman RN, Beilby JP, Hung J, Musk AW, Mangino M, Shin S-Y, Soranzo N, Watkins H, Goel A, Hamsten A, Gider P, Loitfelder M, Zeginigg M, Hernandez D, Najjar SS, Navarro P, Wild SH, Corsi AM, Singleton A, de Geus EJC, Willemsen G, Parker AN, Rose LM, Buckley B, Stott D, Orru M, Uda M, van der Klauw MM, Zhang W, Li X, Scott J, Chen Y-DI, Burke GL, Kahonen M, Viikari J, Doering A, Meitinger T, Davies G, Starr JM, Emilsson V, Plump A, Lindeman JH, 't Hoen PAC, Koenig IR, Felix JF, Clarke R, Hopewell JC, Ongen H, Breteler M, Debette S, DeStefano AL, Fornage M, Mitchell GF, Smith NL, Holm H, Stefansson K, Thorleifsson G, Thorsteinsdottir U, Samani NJ, Preuss M, Rudan I, Hayward C, Deary IJ, Wichmann H-E, Raitakari OT, Palmas W, Kooner JS, Stolk RP, Jukema JW, Wright AF, Boomsma DI, Bandinelli S, Gyllensteet al., 2011, Genome-wide association study identifies six new loci influencing pulse pressure and mean arterial pressure, NATURE GENETICS, Vol: 43, Pages: 1005-U122, ISSN: 1061-4036

Numerous genetic loci have been associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in Europeans1,2,3. We now report genome-wide association studies of pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP). In discovery (N = 74,064) and follow-up studies (N = 48,607), we identified at genome-wide significance (P = 2.7 × 10−8 to P = 2.3 × 10−13) four new PP loci (at 4q12 near CHIC2, 7q22.3 near PIK3CG, 8q24.12 in NOV and 11q24.3 near ADAMTS8), two new MAP loci (3p21.31 in MAP4 and 10q25.3 near ADRB1) and one locus associated with both of these traits (2q24.3 near FIGN) that has also recently been associated with SBP in east Asians. For three of the new PP loci, the estimated effect for SBP was opposite of that for DBP, in contrast to the majority of common SBP- and DBP-associated variants, which show concordant effects on both traits. These findings suggest new genetic pathways underlying blood pressure variation, some of which may differentially influence SBP and DBP.

Journal article

Kilpelainen TO, Zillikens MC, Stancakova A, Finucane FM, Ried JS, Langenberg C, Zhang W, Beckmann JS, Luan J, Vandenput L, Styrkarsdottir U, Zhou Y, Smith AV, Zhao J-H, Amin N, Vedantam S, Shin S-Y, Haritunians T, Fu M, Feitosa MF, Kumari M, Halldorsson BV, Tikkanen E, Mangino M, Hayward C, Song C, Arnold AM, Aulchenko YS, Oostra BA, Campbell H, Cupples LA, Davis KE, Doering A, Eiriksdottir G, Estrada K, Manuel Fernandez-Real J, Garcia M, Gieger C, Glazer NL, Guiducci C, Hofman A, Humphries SE, Isomaa B, Jacobs LC, Jula A, Karasik D, Karlsson MK, Khaw K-T, Kim LJ, Kivimaeki M, Klopp N, Kuehnel B, Kuusisto J, Liu Y, Ljunggren O, Lorentzon M, Luben RN, McKnight B, Mellstrom D, Mitchell BD, Mooser V, Maria Moreno J, Mannisto S, O'Connell JR, Pascoe L, Peltonen L, Peral B, Perola M, Psaty BM, Salomaa V, Savage DB, Semple RK, Skaric-Juric T, Sigurdsson G, Song KS, Spector TD, Syvanen A-C, Talmud PJ, Thorleifsson G, Thorsteinsdottir U, Uitterlinden AG, van Duijn CM, Vidal-Puig A, Wild SH, Wright AF, Clegg DJ, Schadt E, Wilson JF, Rudan I, Ripatti S, Borecki IB, Shuldiner AR, Ingelsson E, Jansson J-O, Kaplan RC, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Groop L, Kiel DP, Rivadeneira F, Walker M, Barroso I, Vollenweider P, Waeber G, Chambers JC, Kooner JS, Soranzo N, Hirschhorn JN, Stefansson K, Wichmann H-E, Ohlsson C, O'Rahilly S, Wareham NJ, Speliotes EK, Fox CS, Laakso M, Loos RJFet al., 2011, Genetic variation near IRS1 associates with reduced adiposity and an impaired metabolic profile, NATURE GENETICS, Vol: 43, Pages: 753-U58, ISSN: 1061-4036

Journal article

Sehmi J, Saleheen D, Yeo IY, Zhang W, Das D, Mccarthy MI, Tai ES, Danesh J, Kooner JS, Chambers JCet al., 2011, A genome-wide association study in Indian Asians identifies five novel genetic variants for type-2 diabetes, EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, Vol: 32, Pages: 357-357, ISSN: 0195-668X

Journal article

Das D, Sehmi J, Ahmed N, Kooner A, Miller K, Scott J, Elliot P, Chambers JC, Kooner JSet al., 2011, Comparison of known genetic variants to coronary heart disease risk between Indian Asians and Europeans, EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, Vol: 32, Pages: 652-652, ISSN: 0195-668X

Journal article

Sehmi J, Yeo IY, Salaheen S, Zhang W, Das D, Danesh J, Tai ES, Mccarthy MI, Chambers JC, Kooner JSet al., 2011, Contribution of known genetic variants to increased risk of type-2 diabetes in Indian Asians, EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL, Vol: 32, Pages: 673-673, ISSN: 0195-668X

Journal article

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