Imperial College London

Emeritus ProfessorJeremyNicholson

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Metabolism, Digestion and Reproduction

Emeritus Professor of Biological Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 3195j.nicholson Website




Ms Wendy Torto +44 (0)20 7594 3225




Office no. 665Sir Alexander Fleming BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Williams, GR and Nicholson, JK},
journal = {Journal of Anatomy},
pages = {585--594},
title = {The histology and fine structure of the ureter of the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris)},
volume = {136},
year = {1983}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Light and electron microscopic techniques were employed to study the structure of the ureter of the starling (Sturnus vulgaris). Particular attention was paid to the characterisation of the epithelial cell types. Differences were found in the chemical composition of the mucins found in the ureteric epithelial cells and the medullary collecting ducts, which suggested that they might perform different functions. The epithelial cells were of two main types. The basally situated cells were electron-lucent, apparently relatively undifferentiated, and contained little rough endoplasmic reticulum or mucigen. The cells which were directly adjacent to the lumen were highly specialised for mucus secretion and contained extensive rough endoplasmic reticulum and large numbers of mucigen-containing vacuoles. Cells of intermediate character were also observed and the relationships between the epithelial cell types were discussed. The possibility of a holocrine mode of mucus secretion in the avarian ureteric epithelium was discussed.
AU - Williams,GR
AU - Nicholson,JK
EP - 594
PY - 1983///
SN - 0021-8782
SP - 585
TI - The histology and fine structure of the ureter of the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
T2 - Journal of Anatomy
VL - 136
ER -