James Ware is a Reader in Genomic Medicine at Imperial College London, Group Head at the MRC London Institute of Medical Sciences, and Honorary Consultant Cardiologist at Royal Brompton and Harefield Hospitals. His research group spans the National Heart & Lung Institute, the Royal Brompton Cardiovascular Research Centre , and the MRC London Institute for Medical Sciences, and is supported by an Intermediate Clinical Fellowship from the Wellcome Trust.
James’ overarching research aims are to understand the impact of genetic variation on the heart and circulation, and to use genome information to improve patient care.
Understanding the genetic architecture of cardiomyopathies – we are using genetic & genomic approaches to understand the genetic underpinnings of heritable heart muscle diseases in humans. We are using exome and genome sequencing approaches to find genes that cause Mendelian (single-gene) forms of these diseases, and are also exploring the role of more common genetic and environmental factors that modulate disease risk and severity. These studies both provide diagnostic answers to affected families, and also identify potential new therapeutic targets.
We are also launching a community web portal - the heart hive - to support patient participation in research into heart muscle disease, allowing participants to self-enrol in our research, and to see what other research opportunities are available.
Variant interpretation – all of us carry rare variants that alter important genes. Distinguishing between those that cause disease and those that are innocent bystanders is a key challenge in contemporary clinical genetics. We are developing and applying new methods to address this challenge, and collaborating globally to refine our understanding of variation in genes associated with heart disease.
Precision medicine – we are evaluating the use of genetic and other biomarkers to stratify patients and predict their response to therapy and long-term outcomes. Ultimately, we are working to interpret genome information so that it can be used to optimise treatment choice for our patients.
Titin – we have a particular focus on the Titin gene, which encodes the largest human protein, a key component of muscles throughout the body. Recently identified as the most important cause of inherited dilated cardiomyopathy, we are working to understand the effects of Titin variants on the heart, their mechanisms of action, and their clinical significance.
Software - web resources, software, and other tools developed by the group are available here.
In the clinic, James is a Cardiologist specializing in the diagnosis and management of inherited cardiac conditions, including cardiomyopathies and inherited arrhythmia syndromes. This includes the assessment of families in which there has been a sudden unexplained death, in which case it is important to look for an underlying genetic condition that may also affect surviving relatives. For referral information please follow the links for NHS (UK) or private (UK or international) patients.
Dr Ware graduated from the University of Cambridge in 2000, and pursued general medical training in Cambridge, London and Geneva before appointment to specialist training in Cardiology in 2007. After a PhD at the MRC Clinical Sciences Centre (CSC), funded by a Fellowship from the Wellcome Trust, he was appointed an NIHR Clinical Lecturer in 2012, and undertook post-doctoral research at the MRC CSC, Imperial College, Harvard Medical School, and the Broad Institute. He was awarded a Wellcome Trust Intermediate Clinical Fellowship in 2015 and returned from Boston to start his own research group.
et al., 2019, Quantitative approaches to variant classification increase the yield and precision of genetic testing in Mendelian diseases: the case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Genome Medicine, Vol:11, ISSN:1756-994X
et al., 2019, Withdrawal of pharmacological treatment for heart failure in patients with recovered dilated cardiomyopathy (TRED-HF): an open-label, pilot, randomised trial, The Lancet, Vol:393, ISSN:0140-6736, Pages:61-73
et al., 2018, Genetic Etiology for Alcohol-Induced Cardiac Toxicity, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol:71, ISSN:0735-1097, Pages:2293-2302
Ware JS, Cook SA, 2018, Role of titin in cardiomyopathy: from DNA variants to patient stratification, Nature Reviews Cardiology, Vol:15, ISSN:1759-5002, Pages:241-252
et al., 2017, Defining the genetic architecture of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: re-evaluating the role of non-sarcomeric genes, European Heart Journal, Vol:38, ISSN:0195-668X, Pages:3461-3468
et al., 2017, Using high-resolution variant frequencies to empower clinical genome interpretation, Genetics in Medicine, Vol:19, ISSN:1098-3600, Pages:1151-1158
et al., 2017, Effects of myosin variants on interacting heads motif explain distinct hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy phenotypes, Elife, Vol:6, ISSN:2050-084X
et al., 2017, Reassessment of Mendelian gene pathogenicity using 7,855 cardiomyopathy cases and 60,706 reference samples, Genetics in Medicine, Vol:19, ISSN:1098-3600, Pages:192-203
et al., 2016, Titin truncating variants affect heart function in disease cohorts and the general population, Nature Genetics, Vol:49, ISSN:1546-1718, Pages:46-53
et al., 2016, Analysis of protein-coding genetic variation in 60,706 humans, Nature, Vol:536, ISSN:0028-0836, Pages:285-+
et al., 2016, Shared Genetic Predisposition in Peripartum and Dilated Cardiomyopathies, New England Journal of Medicine, Vol:374, ISSN:0028-4793, Pages:233-241
et al., 2015, De novo mutations in congenital heart disease with neurodevelopmental and other congenital anomalies, Science, Vol:350, ISSN:0036-8075, Pages:1262-1266
et al., 2015, Integrated allelic, transcriptional, and phenomic dissection of the cardiac effects of titin truncations in health and disease, Science Translational Medicine, Vol:7, ISSN:1946-6234
et al., 2011, Endonuclease G is a novel determinant of cardiac hypertrophy and mitochondrial function, Nature, Vol:478, ISSN:0028-0836, Pages:114-118