Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesThe Grantham Institute for Climate Change

Sr Research Fellow (Society led low carbon transformations)



+44 (0)7736 273 157jeff.hardy Website




Grantham InstituteSherfield BuildingSouth Kensington Campus





Dr Jeff Hardy is a Senior Research Fellow at the Grantham Institute - Climate Change and the Environment at Imperial College London, where he researches what the future low carbon energy system might look like, how people will engage with it and what businesses will be operating in it.

Previously he was Head of Sustainable Energy Futures at the GB energy regulator, Ofgem, and Head of Science for Work Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. He’s also worked at the UK Energy Research Centre, the Royal Society of Chemistry, the Green Chemistry Group at the University of York and at Sellafield as research chemist in a nuclear laboratory.

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Braunholtz-Speight T, McLachlan C, Mander S, et al., 2021, The long term future for community energy in Great Britain: a co-created vision of a thriving sector and steps towards realising it, Energy Research and Social Science, Vol:78, ISSN:2214-6296, Pages:1-15

Hall S, Anable J, Hardy J, et al., 2021, Innovative energy business models appeal to specific consumer groups but may exacerbate existing inequalities for the disengaged, Nature Energy, Vol:6, ISSN:2058-7546, Pages:337-338

Hall S, Anable J, Hardy J, et al., 2021, Matching consumer segments to innovative utility business models, Nature Energy, Vol:6, ISSN:2058-7546, Pages:349-361

Rebecca F, Hardy J, 2020, Are we seeing clearly? The need for aligned vision and supporting strategies to deliver net-zero electricity systems, Energy Policy, Vol:147, ISSN:0301-4215

Hardy J, Mazur C, 2020, Enabling conditions for consumer-centric business models in the UK energy market, Frontiers in Energy Research, Vol:8, ISSN:2296-598X, Pages:1-14

Braunholtz-Speight T, Sharmina M, Manderson E, et al., 2020, Price support allows communities to raise low-cost citizen finance for renewable energy projects, Nature Energy, Vol:5, ISSN:2058-7546, Pages:127-128

Braunholtz-Speight T, Sharmina M, Manderson E, et al., 2020, Business models and financial characteristics of community energy in the UK, Nature Energy, Vol:5, ISSN:2058-7546, Pages:169-177

Hall S, Mazur C, Hardy J, et al., 2020, Prioritising business model innovation: What needs to change in the United Kingdom energy system to grow low carbon entrepreneurship?, Energy Research & Social Science, Vol:60, ISSN:2214-6296, Pages:1-11

Mazur C, Hall S, Hardy J, et al., 2019, Technology is not a barrier: A survey of energy system technologies required for innovative electricity business models driving the low carbon energy revolution, Energies, Vol:12, ISSN:1996-1073

Miu LM, Wisniewska N, Mazur C, et al., 2018, A simple assessment of housing retrofit policies for the UK: what should succeed the energy company obligation?, Energies, Vol:11, ISSN:1996-1073

Hardy JJE, Hall S, Sophie-Wegner M, et al., 2017, Valuing energy futures; a comparative analysis of value pools across UK energy system scenarios, Applied Energy, Vol:206, ISSN:0306-2619, Pages:815-828

Budarin V, Clark JH, Hardy JJE, et al., 2006, Starbons: New starch-derived mesoporous carbonaceous materials with tunable properties, Angewandte Chemie - International Edition, Vol:45, ISSN:1433-7851, Pages:3782-3786

Clark JH, Budarin V, Deswarte FEI, et al., 2006, Green chemistry and the biorefinery: A partnership for a sustainable future, Green Chemistry, Vol:8, ISSN:1463-9262, Pages:853-860


Pedro MS, Hardy J, Van Dam K, 2021, Agent-based simulation to assess the impact of electric vehicles on power networks: Swindon Borough Case Study, The 10th International Workshop on Agent-based Mobility, Traffic and Transportation Models, (ABMTRANS), Elsevier, Pages:668-673, ISSN:1877-0509

More Publications