Imperial College London

Dr John S Tregoning

Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Medicine

Senior Lecturer



+44 (0)20 7594 3176john.tregoning Website




456 (Shattock Group)Wright Fleming WingSt Mary's Campus





My group aims to:

1. Develop and test vaccines for respiratory infections, particularly for children.

2. Understand why some individuals get more severe disease following respiratory infection.


In vivo imaging of luciferase in mice

To achieve these aims, we have developed a range of in vivo and in vitro models of infection and vaccination in early life, including RSV, Influenza, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (ntHi).


I did my Post-Doc at Imperial College with Prof Peter Openshaw, working on RSV and for my PhD I worked on the development of a tetanus vaccine expressed in the chloroplasts of transgenic tobacco plants in the labs of Professors Peter Nixon and Gordon Dougan, also at Imperial College. I studied genetics at Downing College, Univeristy of Cambridge.


I blog about academic careers: and have written for Nature, Times Higher Education, The Guardian and NatureJobs.

Contract research

I have experience of working with biotech companies to perform pre-clinical assesment of vaccines to RSV and influenza. This uses our well established infection models and we are open to further collaborations.

Members of Group

Helen Groves, PhD Student working on effect of infection on microbiome

David Busse, PhD Student working on ISG function


Dr Jacqueline McDonald (RA), worked on Vaccine safety

Dr Laura Lambert (RA), worked on RNA vaccines

Dr Ryan Russell (PhD Student), worked on Novel adjuvants

Dr Alex Badamchi Zadeh (PhD Student), co-supervised with Robin Shattock

Dr Griet van Roey (PhD Student), co supervised with Robin Shattock

Dr Matthew Siggins (RA), worked on ntHi vaccines

Dr Adam Walters (RA), worked on DNA vaccine constructs

Dr Simren Gill (PhD and Fellowship), worked on Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Ms Miko Zhong (MPhil), worked on neonatal immune response

Dr Katya Kinnear (PhD and Post Doc), worked on DNA vaccines with Touchlight Genetics

Ms Victoria Gould (RA), worked on IgA response to influenza

Dr Charanjit Singh (RA), worked on Ciliate derived vaccines

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Tregoning JS, Mallia P, 2019, Modulating airway glucose to reduce respiratory infections, Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, Vol:13, ISSN:1747-6348, Pages:121-124

Mallia P, Webber J, Gill SK, et al., 2018, Role of airway glucose in bacterial infections in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Vol:142, ISSN:0091-6749, Pages:815-+

Tregoning J, 2018, How will you judge me if not by impact factor?, Nature, Vol:558, ISSN:0028-0836, Pages:345-345

Groves HT, Cuthbertson L, James P, et al., 2018, Respiratory Disease following Viral Lung Infection Alters the Murine Gut Microbiota, Frontiers in Immunology, Vol:9, ISSN:1664-3224

Vogel AB, Lambert L, Kinnear E, et al., 2018, Self-Amplifying RNA Vaccines Give Equivalent Protection against Influenza to mRNA Vaccines but at Much Lower Doses, Molecular Therapy, Vol:26, ISSN:1525-0016, Pages:446-455

Groves HT, McDonald JU, Langat P, et al., 2018, Mouse Models of Influenza Infection with Circulating Strains to Test Seasonal Vaccine Efficacy, Frontiers in Immunology, Vol:9, ISSN:1664-3224

Tregoning J, 2018, From parade ground to PI., Science, Vol:359, Pages:362-362

McDonald JU, Zhong Z, Groves HT, et al., 2017, Inflammatory responses to influenza vaccination at the extremes of age, Immunology, Vol:151, ISSN:0019-2805, Pages:451-463

Kinnear E, Lambert L, McDonald JU, et al., 2017, Airway T cells protect against RSV infection in the absence of antibody, Mucosal Immunology, Vol:11, ISSN:1933-0219, Pages:249-256

Gould VMW, Francis JN, Anderson KJ, et al., 2017, Nasal IgA provides protection against human influenza challenge in volunteers with low serum influenza antibody titre, Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol:8, ISSN:1664-302X

Tregoning J, 2017, No researcher is too junior to fix science, Nature, Vol:545, ISSN:0028-0836, Pages:7-7

Gill SK, Hui K, Farne H, et al., 2016, Increased airway glucose increases airway bacterial load in hyperglycaemia, Scientific Reports, Vol:6, ISSN:2045-2322

Russell RF, McDonald JU, Lambert L, et al., 2016, Use of the Microparticle Nanoscale Silicon Dioxide as an Adjuvant To Boost Vaccine Immune Responses against Influenza Virus in Neonatal Mice, Journal of Virology, Vol:90, ISSN:0022-538X, Pages:4735-4744

Siggins MK, Gill SK, Langford PR, et al., 2015, PHiD-CV induces anti-Protein D antibodies but does not augment pulmonary clearance of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae in mice, Vaccine, Vol:33, ISSN:0264-410X, Pages:4954-4961

Russell RF, McDonald JU, Ivanova M, et al., 2015, Partial Attenuation of Respiratory Syncytial Virus with a Deletion of a Small Hydrophobic Gene Is Associated with Elevated Interleukin-1 beta Responses, Journal of Virology, Vol:89, ISSN:0022-538X, Pages:8974-8981

Kinnear E, Caproni LJ, Tregoning JS, 2015, A Comparison of Red Fluorescent Proteins to Model DNA Vaccine Expression by Whole Animal In Vivo Imaging, PLOS One, Vol:10, ISSN:1932-6203

Walters AA, Kinnear E, Shattock RJ, et al., 2014, Comparative analysis of enzymatically produced novel linear DNA constructs with plasmids for use as DNA vaccines, Gene Therapy, Vol:21, ISSN:1476-5462, Pages:645-652

Tregoning JS, Wang BL, McDonald JU, et al., 2013, Neonatal antibody responses are attenuated by interferon-gamma produced by NK and T cells during RSV infection, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol:110, ISSN:0027-8424, Pages:5576-5581


Tregoning JS, Kinnear E, 2014, Using Plasmids as DNA Vaccines for Infectious Diseases.

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