Imperial College London

Dr Krista Halttunen

Faculty of Natural SciencesCentre for Environmental Policy

Visiting Researcher







16 Prince's GardensSouth Kensington Campus





Krista Halttunen is a multi-disciplinary sustainability researcher. She is currently a Research Fellow at the Oxford Sustainable Finance Group and a Visiting Researcher at the Centre for Environmental Policy at Imperial College London.

Krista completed her PhD at Imperial in 2023, supervised by Dr Raphael Slade and Dr Iain Staffell. The title of her thesis is "We don't want to be the bad guys": Exploring the future of the global oil industry in a 'well below 2 degrees' world. It uses different modelling and qualitative techniques to map out possible future scenarios for the oil industry in the sustainable energy transition, including outcomes for oil companies, investors and the society as a whole.

Krista's current research interests include topics across the fields of sustainability transitions, sustainable finance, and energy. Krista's commentary has appeared on the BBC and in The TimesClimate Home News(2), (3) and Grist, (2).

Before starting her research career, Krista worked as a management consultant at the Boston Consulting Group and as a policy manager at Ofgem. She holds degrees in Physics and Philosophy (MPhysPhil) from Balliol College, Oxford, and Environmental Technology (MSc) from Imperial. Krista is also a family entrepreneur and a member of the Board of Directors at Halton Group, a global industrial company specialising in indoor air solutions for demanding spaces.



Halttunen K, Slade R, Staffell I, 2023, Diversify or die: strategy options for oil majors in the sustainable energy transition, Energy Research and Social Science, Vol:104, ISSN:2214-6296, Pages:1-12

Tillotson P, Slade R, Staffell I, et al., 2023, Deactivating climate activism? The seven strategies oil and gas majors use to counter rising shareholder action, Energy Research and Social Science, Vol:103, ISSN:2214-6296, Pages:1-14

Halttunen K, Slade R, Staffell I, 2022, “We don't want to be the bad guys”: Oil industry's sensemaking of the sustainability transition paradox, Energy Research and Social Science, Vol:92, ISSN:2214-6296, Pages:102800-102800

Bricout A, Slade R, Staffell I, et al., 2022, From the geopolitics of oil and gas to the geopolitics of the energy transition: Is there a role for European supermajors?, Energy Research and Social Science, Vol:88, ISSN:2214-6296


Halttunen K, Staffell I, Slade R, Climate change and the future of the oil industry: perspectives from the front line of the transition, 12th International Sustainability Transitions Conference. Mainstreaming sustainability transitions: From research towards impact

More Publications