6 results found
AitBihiOuali L, Carbo JM, Graham DJ, 2020, Do changes in air transportation affect productivity? A cross-country panel approach, REGIONAL SCIENCE POLICY AND PRACTICE, Vol: 12, Pages: 493-505, ISSN: 1757-7802
Ait Bihi Ouali L, Graham D, Trompet M, et al., 2020, Gender differences in the perception of safety in public transport, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A: Statistics in Society, Vol: 183, Pages: 737-769, ISSN: 0964-1998
Concerns over women's safety on public transport systems are commonly reported in the media. In this paper we develop statistical models to test for gender differences in the perception of safety and satisfaction on urban metros and buses using large-scale unique customer satisfaction data for 28 world cities over the period 2009 to 2018. Results indicate a significant gender gap in the perception of safety, with women being 10\% more likely than men to feel unsafe in metros (6% for buses). This gender gap is larger for safety than for overall satisfaction (3% in metros and 2.5% in buses), which is consistent with safety being one dimension of overall satisfaction. Results are stable across specifications and robust to inclusion of city-level and time controls. We find heterogeneous responses by sociodemographic characteristics. Data indicates 45% of women feel secure in trains and metro stations (respectively 55% in buses). Thus the gender gap encompasses more differences in transport perception between men and women rather than an intrinsic network fear. Additional models test for the influence of metro characteristics on perceived safety levels and find that that more acts of violence, larger carriages, and emptier vehicles decrease women's feeling of safety.
Ait Bihi Ouali L, 2020, Effects of signalling tax evasion on redistribution and voting preferences: evidence from the panama papers, PLoS One, Vol: 15, Pages: 1-22, ISSN: 1932-6203
This paper provides empirical evidence that individuals substantially revise their stated wealth redistribution preferences after fiscal scandals. The 2016 Panama Papers scandal revealed top-income tax evasion behaviour simultaneously worldwide. The empirical investigation exploits this event as a quasi-natural experiment. I rely on two original datasets, a UK household longitudinal dataset and a survey conducted in 22 European countries. I use a difference-in-differences strategy and find that pro-redistribution statements increased between 2% and 3.3% after the scandal. Responses are heterogeneous and larger for right-wing individuals and low-income individuals. This change in wealth redistribution preferences is likely to have been translated into a slight change in votes. The results suggest an increase in stated voting intentions for the left and a decrease for the right. Complementary estimations reveal that more media coverage and more individuals involved by country increase the magnitude of the response.
Ait Bihi Ouali L, Graham DJ, 2020, The Impact of the MeToo Scandal on Women’s Perceptions of Safety
Ait Bihi Ouali L, Bargain O, Joutard X, 2017, Partial Unemployment Insurance and Hour Decisions, Publisher: IZA
Ait Bihi Ouali L, Joutard X, Havet N, 2016, Pratiques et impacts des activités réduites, Etudes et Recherches du Pole Emploi, Vol: 8, Pages: 140-200
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