Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Professor of Computational Geomechanics



+44 (0)20 7594 6076l.zdravkovic




530Skempton BuildingSouth Kensington Campus





Professor of Computational Geomechanics

Head of Geotechnics

After graduating from the Faculty of Civil Engineering at the University of Belgrade in 1988, Lidija worked for four years as an academic member of staff at the same Faculty and was involved in teaching, research and consulting work concerned with both structural and geotechnical engineering problems. She came to the Department of Civil Engineering at Imperial College in 1992 to undertake PhD studies into soil strength and stiffness anisotropy, utilising the large IC hollow cylinder apparatus.

Since obtaining her PhD in 1996, Lidija has worked on the development and application of numerical methods in geotechnical engineering. This work involves the bespoke finite element code ICFEP and her particular input has been in the development of solution algorithms, constitutive models and boundary conditions for the analysis of unsaturated soils and soil dynamics problems, involving fully coupled hydro-mechanical soil behaviour. Her subsequent research interests have expanded to foundation systems for offshore wind turbines and modelling of temperature effects on soil behaviour, with application of the latter to nuclear waste disposal and exploration of geothermal energy. Lidija has applied numerical tools in the analyses of a wide range of geotechnical problems, both in her research and in consulting activities, the latter involving major recent projects such as Crossrail, Shard of Glass, Heathrow Terminal 5, Rome metro.

Lidija has written over 100 academic papers and has co-authored two books on finite element analysis in geotechnical engineering. She was a member of the Geotechnique Advisory Panel between 2003 and 2006, and has been an Editorial Board member for Computers and Geotechnics since 2010. She is also a UK representative and a core member of the Technical Committee (TC) 103 for numerical analysis, under the auspices of the ISSMGE and has served on the British Geotechnical Association (BGA) Executive Committee from 2010 to 2013. She delivered the Geotechniqe lecture in 2013. 

Areas of Expertise:

geotechnical numerical analysis; soil constitutive modelling; boundary conditions; solution algorithms; advanced soil behaviour;

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Zdravković L, Potts DM, Taborda DMG, 2021, Integrating laboratory and field testing into advanced geotechnical design, Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment, Vol:27, ISSN:2352-3808, Pages:1-21

Zdravkovic L, Taborda D, Potts D, et al., 2020, Finite-element modelling of laterally loaded piles in a stiff glacial clay till at Cowden, Geotechnique, Vol:70, ISSN:0016-8505, Pages:999-1013

Zdravkovic L, Jardine R, Taborda DMG, et al., 2020, Ground characterisation for PISA pile testing and analysis, Geotechnique, Vol:70, ISSN:0016-8505, Pages:945-960

Cui W, Potts DM, Zdravković L, et al., 2018, A coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical finite element formulation for curved beams in two-dimensions, Computers and Geotechnics, Vol:103, ISSN:0266-352X, Pages:103-114

Han BO, Zdravkovic L, Kontoe S, 2018, Analytical and numerical investigation of site response due to vertical ground motion, Geotechnique, Vol:68, ISSN:0016-8505, Pages:467-480

Cui W, Potts DM, Zdravkovic L, et al., 2018, An alternative coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical finite element formulation for fully saturated soils, Computers and Geotechnics, Vol:94, ISSN:0266-352X, Pages:22-30

Sailer E, Taborda DMG, Zdravkovic, 2017, A new approach to estimating temperature fields around a group of vertical ground heat exchangers in two-dimensional analyses, Renewable Energy, Vol:118, ISSN:1879-0682, Pages:579-590

Tsiampousi A, Zdravkovic L, Potts DM, 2017, Numerical study of the effect of soil–atmosphere interaction on the stability and serviceability of cut slopes in London clay, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol:54, ISSN:1208-6010, Pages:405-418

Han B, Zdravkovic L, Kontoe S, 2016, Numerical and analytical investigation of compressional wave propagation in saturated soils, Computers and Geotechnics, Vol:75, ISSN:0266-352X, Pages:93-102

Pelecanos L, Kontoe S, Zdravkovic L, 2016, Dam–reservoir interaction effects on the elastic dynamic response of concrete and earth dams, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Vol:82, ISSN:0267-7261, Pages:138-141

Taborda DMG, Potts DM, Zdravkovic L, 2016, On the assessment of energy dissipated through hysteresis in finite element analysis, Computers and Geotechnics, Vol:71, ISSN:0266-352X, Pages:180-194

Freitas TMB, Potts DM, Zdravkovic L, 2015, Numerical study on the response of two footings at Bothkennar research site, Geotechnique, Vol:65, ISSN:1021-8637, Pages:155-168

Potts DM, Zdravkovic L, 2012, Accounting for partial material factors in numerical analysis, Geotechnique

Kontoe S, Zdravkovic L, Menkiti CO, et al., 2012, Seismic response and interaction of complex soil retaining systems, Computers and Geotechnics, Vol:39, Pages:17-26

Schuetz R, Potts DM, Zdravkovic L, 2011, Advanced constitutive modelling of shotcrete: Model formulation and calibration, Computers and Geotechnics, Vol:38, ISSN:0266-352X, Pages:834-845

Potts VJ, Zdravkovic L, 2010, Finite-element study of arching behaviour in reinforced fills, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Ground improvement, Vol:163, ISSN:1755-0750, Pages:217-229

Monroy R, Zdravkovic L, Ridley A, 2010, Evolution of microstructure in compacted London Clay during wetting and loading, Geotechnique, Vol:60, ISSN:0016-8505, Pages:105-119

Zolghadr Jahromi H, Izzuddin BA, Zdravkovic L, 2009, A domain decomposition approach for coupled modelling of nonlinear soil–structure interaction, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol:198, ISSN:1425-1655, Pages:2738-2749

Kontoe, S., Zdravkovic, et al., 2008, The Domain Reduction Method for dynamic coupled consolidation problems in geotechnical engineering, International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, Vol:32, Pages:659-680

Monroy R, Ridley A, Dineen K, et al., 2007, The suitability of the osmotic technique for the long-term testing of partly saturated soils, Geotechnical Testing Journal, Vol:30, ISSN:0149-6115, Pages:220-226

Zdravkovic L, Potts DM, St John HD, 2005, Modelling of a 3D excavation in finite element analysis, Geotechnique, Vol:55, ISSN:0016-8505, Pages:497-513

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