Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Chair in Biostatistics



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BibTex format

author = {Nomura, S and Blangiardo, M and Tsubokura, M and Ozaki, A and Morita, T and Hodgson, S},
pages = {468--471},
title = {Post-nuclear disaster evacuation and chronic health in Adults in Fukushima, Japan: A long-term retrospective analysis},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - © 2016 CURRAN-CONFERENCE. All rights reserved. Objective: Japan's 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant incident required the evacuation of over a million people, creating a large displaced population with potentially increased vulnerability in terms of chronic health conditions. We assessed the long-term impact of evacuation on diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension. Participants: We considered participants in annual public health check-ups from 2008 to 2014, administrated by Minamisoma City and Soma City, located about 10-50 km from the Fukushima nuclear plant. Methods: Disease risks, measured in terms of pre- and post-incident relative risks, were examined and compared between evacuees and non-/temporary-evacuees. We also constructed logistic regression models to assess the impact of evacuation on the disease risks adjusted for covariates. Results: Data from a total of 6, 406 individuals aged 40-74 who participated in the check-ups both at baseline (2008-2010) and in one or more post-incident years were analyzed. Regardless of evacuation, significant post-incident increases in risk were observed for diabetes and hyperlipidemia (Relative Risk: 1.27 to 1.60 and 1.12 to 1.30, respectively, depending on evacuation status and post-incident year). After adjusted covariates, the increase in hyperlipidemia was significantly greater among evacuees than among non-/temporary-evacuees (Odds Ratio: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.06-1.32, p<0.01). Conclusions: The novelty of this study is that evacuation following the Fukushima disaster was found to be associated with a small increase in long term hyperlipidemia risk in adults. Our findings help identify discussion points on disaster planning, including preparedness, response and recovery measures applicable to future disasters requiring mass evacuation.
AU - Nomura,S
AU - Blangiardo,M
AU - Tsubokura,M
AU - Ozaki,A
AU - Morita,T
AU - Hodgson,S
EP - 471
PY - 2016///
SP - 468
TI - Post-nuclear disaster evacuation and chronic health in Adults in Fukushima, Japan: A long-term retrospective analysis
ER -