Imperial College London

ProfessorMartaBlangiardo

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Chair in Biostatistics
 
 
 
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Contact

 

m.blangiardo Website

 
 
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Location

 

528Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Halonen:2015:eurheartj/ehv216,
author = {Halonen, JI and Hansell, AL and Gulliver, J and Morley, D and Blangiardo, M and Fecht, D and Toledano, MB and Beevers, S and Anderson, HR and Kelly, F and Tonne, C},
doi = {eurheartj/ehv216},
journal = {European Heart Journal},
pages = {2653--2661},
title = {Road traffic noise is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and all-cause mortality in London},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehv216},
volume = {36},
year = {2015}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - AimsRoad traffic noise has been associated with hypertension but evidence for the long-term effects on hospital admissions and mortality is limited. We examined the effects of long-term exposure to road traffic noise on hospital admissions and mortality in the general population.Methods and resultsThe study population consisted of 8.6 million inhabitants of London, one of Europe's largest cities. We assessed small-area-level associations of day- (7:00–22:59) and nighttime (23:00–06:59) road traffic noise with cardiovascular hospital admissions and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in all adults (≥25 years) and elderly (≥75 years) through Poisson regression models. We adjusted models for age, sex, area-level socioeconomic deprivation, ethnicity, smoking, air pollution, and neighbourhood spatial structure. Median daytime exposure to road traffic noise was 55.6 dB. Daytime road traffic noise increased the risk of hospital admission for stroke with relative risk (RR) 1.05 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02–1.09] in adults, and 1.09 (95% CI: 1.04–1.14) in the elderly in areas >60 vs. <55 dB. Nighttime noise was associated with stroke admissions only among the elderly. Daytime noise was significantly associated with all-cause mortality in adults [RR 1.04 (95% CI: 1.00–1.07) in areas >60 vs. <55 dB]. Positive but non-significant associations were seen with mortality for cardiovascular and ischaemic heart disease, and stroke. Results were similar for the elderly.ConclusionsLong-term exposure to road traffic noise was associated with small increased risks of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in the general population, particularly for stroke in the elderly.
AU - Halonen,JI
AU - Hansell,AL
AU - Gulliver,J
AU - Morley,D
AU - Blangiardo,M
AU - Fecht,D
AU - Toledano,MB
AU - Beevers,S
AU - Anderson,HR
AU - Kelly,F
AU - Tonne,C
DO - eurheartj/ehv216
EP - 2661
PY - 2015///
SN - 0195-668X
SP - 2653
TI - Road traffic noise is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and all-cause mortality in London
T2 - European Heart Journal
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehv216
UR - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26104392
UR - https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/article/36/39/2653/2398234
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/33986
VL - 36
ER -