615 results found
Axson E, Bottle R, Cowie M, et al., 2021, The relationship between heart failure and the risk of acute exacerbation of COPD, Thorax, Vol: 76, Pages: 807-814, ISSN: 0040-6376
Rationale: Heart failure (HF) management in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often delayed or suboptimal.Objectives: To examine the effect of HF and HF medication use on moderate-to-severe COPD exacerbations.Methods and Measurements: Retrospective cohort studies from 2006-2016 using nationally-representative English primary care electronic healthcare records linked to national hospital and mortality data. COPD patients with diagnosed and possible HF were identified. Possible HF defined as continuous loop diuretic use in the absence of a non-cardiac indication. Incident exposure to HF medications was defined as ≥2 prescriptions within 90 days with no gaps >90 days during ≤6 months of continuous use; prevalent exposure as 6+ months continuous use. HF medications investigated were angiotensin receptor blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, beta-blockers, loop diuretics, and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. Cox regression, stratified on sex and age; further adjusted for patient characteristics, was used to determine the association of HF on exacerbation risk.Main Results: 86,795 COPD patients were categorized as; no evidence of HF (n=60,047); possible HF (n=8,476); newly diagnosed HF (n=2,066). Newly diagnosed HF (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR): 1.45, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30, 1.62) and possible HF (aHR: 1.65, 95%CI: 1.58, 1.72) similarly increased exacerbation risk. Incident and prevalent use of all HF medications were associated with increased exacerbation risk. Prevalent use was associated with reduced exacerbation risk compared with incident use.Conclusions: Earlier opportunities to improve diagnosis and management of HF in the COPD population are missed. Managing HF may reduce exacerbation risk in the longer term.
Halliday B, Vazir A, Owen R, et al., 2021, Heart rate as a marker of relapse during withdrawal of therapy in recovered dilated cardiomyopathy, JACC: Heart Failure, Vol: 9, Pages: 509-517, ISSN: 2213-1779
Objective: To determine the relationship between heart rate and relapse amongst patients in the TRED-HF trial. Background: Understanding markers and mechanisms of relapse amongst patients with recovered dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) might enable personalised management.Methods: The relationship between serial heart rate measurements and relapse was examined amongst patients TRED-HF, a randomised trial which examined the safety and feasibility of withdrawing heart failure therapy amongst 51 patients with recovered DCM over 6 months. In total, 25 patients were randomised to therapy withdrawal and 26 to continue therapy, of whom 25 subsequently began therapy withdrawal in a single arm crossover phase.Results: The mean heart rate (standard deviation) for those who had therapy withdrawn and did not relapse was 64.6bpm (10.7) at baseline and 74.7bpm (10.4) at follow-up compared to 68.3bpm (11.3) and 86.1bpm (11.8) for those who relapsed. After adjusting for baseline heart rate, patients who had therapy withdrawn and relapsed had a 10.4bpm (95% confidence intervals [CIs] 4.0-16.8) greater rise in heart rate compared to patients who had therapy withdrawn and did not relapse (p=0.002). After adjusting for age, log NT-pro-BNP and LVEF, heart rate (per 10bpm - hazard ratio: 1.65, 95%CI 1.10-2.57, p=0.01) and change in heart rate from baseline (per 10bpm - hazard ratio: 1.70, 95%CI 1.12-2.57, p=0.01) were associated with relapse. The results remained qualitatively the same after adjusting for beta-blocker dose.Conclusion: For patients with DCM and improved LVEF, the rise in heart rate after withdrawing treatment identifies patients who are more likely to relapse. Whether the increase in heart rate is a marker or mediator of relapse requires investigation.
Savarese G, Bodegard J, Norhammar A, et al., 2021, Heart failure drug titration, discontinuation, mortality and heart failure hospitalization risk: a multinational observational study (US, UK and Sweden), EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE, ISSN: 1388-9842
Voors AA, Mulder H, Reyes E, et al., 2021, Renal function and the effects of vericiguat in patients with worsening heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: insights from the VICTORIA (Vericiguat Global Study in Subjects with HFrEF) trial, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE, ISSN: 1388-9842
Bottle R, Faitna P, Aylin P, et al., 2021, Five-year outcomes following left ventricular assist device implantation in England, Open Heart, Vol: 8, Pages: 1-6, ISSN: 2053-3624
Objective Implant rates of mechanical circulatory supports such as left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) have steadily increased in the last decade. We assessed the utility of administrative data to provide information on hospital use and outcomes.Methods Using 2 years of national hospital administrative data for England linked to the death register, we identified all patients with an LVAD and extracted hospital activity for 5 years before and after the LVAD implantation date.Results In the two index years April 2011 to March 2013, 157 patients had an LVAD implanted. The mean age was 50.9 (SD 15.4), and 78.3% were men. After 5 years, 92 (58.6%) had died; the recorded cause of death was noncardiovascular in 67.4%. 42 (26.8%) patients received a heart±lung transplantation. Compared with the 12 months before implantation, the 12 months after but not including the month of implantation saw falls in total inpatient and day case admissions, a fall in admissions for heart failure (HF), a rise in non-HF admissions, a fall in emergency department visits not ending in admission and a rise in outpatient appointments (all per patient at risk). Postimplantation complications were common in the subsequent 5 years: 26.1% had a stroke, 23.6% had a device infection and 13.4% had a new LVAD implanted.Conclusions Despite patients’ young age, their mortality is high and their hospital use and complications are common in the 5 years following LVAD implantation. Administrative data provide important information on resource use in this patient group.
Elliott P, Cowie MR, Franke J, et al., 2021, Development, validation, and implementation of biomarker testing in cardiovascular medicine state-of-the-art: proceedings of the European Society of Cardiology-Cardiovascular Round Table, CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH, Vol: 117, Pages: 1248-1256, ISSN: 0008-6363
Bottle A, Faitna P, Aylin P, et al., 2021, Five-year survival and use of hospital services following ICD and CRT implantation: comparing real-world data with RCTs, ESC HEART FAILURE, ISSN: 2055-5822
Mullens W, Martens P, Witte K, et al., 2021, Why mechanical dyssynchrony remains relevant to cardiac resynchronization therapy: Reply, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE, Vol: 23, Pages: 844-845, ISSN: 1388-9842
Cowie MR, Lam CSP, 2021, Remote monitoring and digital health tools in CVD management, NATURE REVIEWS CARDIOLOGY, ISSN: 1759-5002
Halliday B, Owen R, Gregson J, et al., 2021, Myocardial remodelling after withdrawing therapy for heart failure in patients with recovered dilated cardiomyopathy: insights from TRED-HF, European Journal of Heart Failure, Vol: 23, Pages: 293-301, ISSN: 1388-9842
Aims: To characterize adverse ventricular remodelling after withdrawing therapy in recovered dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Methods and results: TRED-HF was a randomized controlled trial with a follow-on single-arm cross-over phase that examined the safety and feasibility of therapy withdrawal in patients with recovered DCM over 6 months. The primary endpoint was relapse of heart failure defined by (i) a reduction in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction >10% and to <50%, (ii) >10% increase in LV end-diastolic volume and to above the normal range, (iii) a twofold rise in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and to >400 ng/L, or (iv) evidence of heart failure. LV mass, LV and right ventricular (RV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) and extracellular volume were measured using cardiovascular magnetic resonance at baseline and follow-up (6 months or relapse) for 48 patients. LV cell and extracellular matrix masses were derived. The effect of withdrawing therapy, stratified by relapse and genotype, was investigated in the randomized and follow-on phases. In the randomized comparison, withdrawing therapy led to an increase in mean LV mass [5.4 g/m2; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3–9.5] and cell mass (4.2 g/m2; 95% CI 0.5–8.0) and a reduction in LV (3.5; 95% CI 1.6–5.5) and RV (2.4; 95% CI 0.1–4.7) GLS. In a non-randomized comparison of all patients (n = 47) who had therapy withdrawn in either phase, there was an increase in LV mass (6.2 g/m2; 95% CI 3.6–8.9; P = 0.0001), cell mass (4.0 g/m2; 95% CI 1.8–6.2; P = 0.0007) and matrix mass (1.7 g/m2; 95% CI 0.7–2.6; P = 0.001) and a reduction in LV GLS (2.7; 95% CI 1.5–4.0; P = 0.0001). Amongst those who had therapy withdrawn and did not relapse, similar changes were observed (n = 28; LV mass: 5.1 g/m2, 95% CI 1.5–8.8, P = 0.007; cell mass: 3.7 g/m2, 95% CI 0.3–7.0, P = 0.03; matrix mass: 1.7 g/m2, 95% CI 0.4–3.0, P = 0.02; LV GLS: 1.7, 95% CI
Singhal A, Cowie MR, 2021, Heart failure in men, TRENDS IN UROLOGY & MENS HEALTH, Vol: 12, Pages: 15-20, ISSN: 2044-3730
Wong KY, Davies B, Adeleke Y, et al., 2021, Hospital admissions for stroke and bleeding in Hounslow following a quality improvement initiative, Open Heart, Vol: 8, ISSN: 2053-3624
Objective Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia. Undiagnosed and poorly managed AF increases risk of stroke. The Hounslow AF quality improvement (QI) initiative was associated with improved quality of care for patients with AF through increased detection of AF and appropriate anticoagulation. This study aimed to evaluate whether there has been a change in stroke and bleeding rates in the Hounslow population following the QI initiative.Methods Using hospital admissions data from January 2011 to August 2018, interrupted time series analysis was performed to investigate the changes in standardised rates of admission with stroke and bleeding, following the start of the QI initiative in October 2014.Results There was a 17% decrease in the rate of admission with stroke as primary diagnosis (incidence rate ratio (IRR) 0.83; 95% CI 0.712 to 0.963; p<0.014). There was an even larger yet not statistically significant decrease in admission with stroke as primary diagnosis and AF as secondary diagnosis (IRR 0.75; 95% CI 0.550 to 1.025; p<0.071). No significant changes were observed in bleeding admissions. For each outcome, an additional regression model including both the level change and an interaction term for slope change was created. In all cases, the slope change was small and not statistically significant.Conclusion Reduction in stroke admissions may be associated with the AF QI initiative. However, the immediate level change and non-significant slope change suggests a lack of effect of the intervention over time and that the decrease observed may be attributable to other events.
Whitelaw S, Pellegrini DM, Mamas MA, et al., 2021, Barriers and facilitators of the uptake of digital health technology in cardiovascular care: a systematic scoping review., Eur Heart J Digit Health, Vol: 2, Pages: 62-74
Digital health technology (DHT) has the potential to revolutionize healthcare delivery but its uptake has been low in clinical and research settings. The factors that contribute to the limited adoption of DHT, particularly in cardiovascular settings, are unclear. The objective of this review was to determine the barriers and facilitators of DHT uptake from the perspective of patients, clinicians, and researchers. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases for studies published from inception to May 2020 that reported barriers and/or facilitators of DHT adoption in cardiovascular care. We extracted data on study design, setting, cardiovascular condition, and type of DHT. We conducted a thematic analysis to identify barriers and facilitators of DHT uptake. The search identified 3075 unique studies, of which 29 studies met eligibility criteria. Studies employed: qualitative methods (n = 13), which included interviews and focus groups; quantitative methods (n = 5), which included surveys; or a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods (n = 11). Twenty-five studies reported patient-level barriers, most common of which were difficult-to-use technology (n=7) and a poor internet connection (n=7). Six studies reported clinician-level barriers, which included increased workload (n=4) and a lack of integration with electronic medical records (n=3).Twenty-four studies reported patient-level facilitators, which included improved communication with clinicians (n=10) and personalized technology (n=6). Four studies reported clinician-level facilitators, which included approval and organizational support from cardiology departments and/or hospitals (n=3) and technologies that improved efficiency (n=3). No studies reported researcher-level barriers or facilitators. In summary, internet access, user-friendliness, organizational support, workflow efficiency, and data integration were reported as important factors in the uptake of DHT by patients and clinicians. These f
Singhal A, Cowie MR, 2021, Digital Health: Implications for Heart Failure Management., Card Fail Rev, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2057-7540
Digital health encompasses the use of information and communications technology and the use of advanced computing sciences in healthcare. This review covers the application of digital health in heart failure patients, focusing on teleconsultation, remote monitoring and apps and wearables, looking at how these technologies can be used to support care and improve outcomes. Interest in and use of these technologies, particularly teleconsultation, have been accelerated by the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Remote monitoring of heart failure patients, to identify those patients at high risk of hospitalisation and to support clinical stability, has been studied with mixed results. Remote monitoring of pulmonary artery pressure has a consistent effect on reducing hospitalisation rates for patients with moderately severe symptoms and multiparameter monitoring shows promise for the future. Wearable devices and apps are increasingly used by patients for health and lifestyle support. Some wearable technologies have shown promise in AF detection, and others may be useful in supporting self-care and guiding prognosis, but more evidence is required to guide their optimal use. Support for patients and clinicians wishing to use these technologies is important, along with consideration of data validity and privacy and appropriate recording of decision-making.
Ho MH, Huang D, Ho C-W, et al., 2021, Body volume is the major determinant of worsening renal function in acutely decompensated heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction., Postgrad Med J
AIMS: Little is known about the relative importance of body volume and haemodynamic parameters in the development of worsening of renal function in acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF). To study the relationship between haemodynamic parameters, body water content and worsening of renal function in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) hospitalised for ADHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective observational study involved 51 consecutive patients with HFrEF (age: 73±14 years, male: 60%, left ventricular ejection fraction: 33.3%±9.9%) hospitalised for ADHF. Echocardiographic-determined haemodynamic parameters and body volume determined using a bioelectric impedance analyser were serially obtained. All patients received intravenous furosemide 160 mg/day for 3 days. There was a mean weight loss of 3.95±2.82 kg (p<0.01), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) reduced from 1380±901 pg/mL to 797±738 pg/mL (p<0.01). Nonetheless serum creatinine (SCr) increased from 134±46 μmol/L to 151±53 μmol/L (p<0.01), and 35% of patients developed worsening of renal function. The change in SCr was positively correlated with age (r=0.34, p=0.017); and negatively with the ratio of extracellular water to total body water, a parameter of body volume status (r=-0.58, p<0.001); E:E' ratio (r=-0.36, p=0.01); right ventricular systolic pressure (r=-0.40, p=0.009); and BNP (r=-0.40, p=0.004). Counterintuitively, no correlation was observed between SCr and cardiac output, or total peripheral vascular resistance. Regression analysis revealed that normal body volume and lower BNP independently predicted worsening of renal function. CONCLUSIONS: Normal body volume and lower serum BNP on admission were associated with worsening of renal function in patients with HFrEF hospitalised for ADHF.
Cowie MR, 2021, Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors: where and when?, FUTURE CARDIOLOGY, Vol: 17, Pages: 403-406, ISSN: 1479-6678
Cowie MR, Schoepe J, Wagenpfeil S, et al., 2021, Patient factors associated with titration of medical therapy in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: data from the QUALIFY international registry, ESC HEART FAILURE, Vol: 8, Pages: 861-871, ISSN: 2055-5822
Mullens W, Auricchio A, Martens P, et al., 2021, Optimized Implementation of cardiac resynchronization therapy - a call for action for referral and optimization of care., Europace
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is one of the most effective therapies for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and leads to improved quality of life, reductions in heartfailure hospitalization rates and reduces all-cause mortality. Nevertheless, up to two-thirds ofeligible patients are not referred for CRT. Furthermore, post implantation follow-up is oftenfragmented and suboptimal, hampering the potential maximal treatment effect. This jointposition statement from three ESC Associations, HFA, EHRA and EACVI focuses onoptimized implementation of CRT. We offer theoretical and practical strategies to achievemore comprehensive CRT referral and post-procedural care by focusing on four actionabledomains; (I) overcoming CRT under-utilization, (II) better understanding of pre-implantcharacteristics, (III) abandoning the term 'non-response' and replacing this by the concept ofdisease modification, and (IV) implementing a dedicated post-implant CRT care pathway.
Chen Y, Postmus D, Cowie MR, et al., 2021, Using joint modelling to assess the association between a time-varying biomarker and a survival outcome: an illustrative example in respiratory medicine, EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL, Vol: 57, ISSN: 0903-1936
McCambridge J, Keane C, Walshe M, et al., 2020, The prehospital patient pathway and experience of care with acute heart failure: a comparison of two health care systems, ESC HEART FAILURE, Vol: 8, Pages: 1076-1084, ISSN: 2055-5822
Zannad F, Cowie MR, 2020, VERTIS-CV More Evidence That Sodium Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibition Brings Rapid and Sustained Heart Failure Benefit, CIRCULATION, Vol: 142, Pages: 2216-2218, ISSN: 0009-7322
Mullens W, Auricchio A, Martens P, et al., 2020, Optimized implementation of cardiac resynchronization therapy: a call for action for referral and optimization of care A joint position statement from the Heart Failure Association (HFA), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) of the European Society of Cardiology, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE, Vol: 22, Pages: 2349-2369, ISSN: 1388-9842
Halliday B, Vazir A, Owen R, et al., 2020, Heart rate as a marker of relapse during withdrawal of heart failure therapy in patients with recovered dilated cardiomyopathy: an analysis from TRED-HF, Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS, Pages: 1057-1057, ISSN: 0195-668X
Nielsen JC, Kautzner J, Casado-Arroyo R, et al., 2020, Remote monitoring of cardiac implanted electronic devices: legal requirements and ethical principles - ESC Regulatory Affairs Committee/EHRA joint task force report, EUROPACE, Vol: 22, Pages: 1742-+, ISSN: 1099-5129
Cowie MR, 2020, DAPA-HF: does dapagliflozin provide "bang for your buck" as a treatment for HFrEF?, European Journal of Heart Failure, Vol: 22, Pages: 2157-2159, ISSN: 1388-9842
Cowie MR, Lamy A, Levy P, et al., 2020, Health economic evaluation of rivaroxaban in the treatment of patients with chronic coronary artery disease or peripheral artery disease, Cardiovascular Research, Vol: 116, Pages: 1918-1924, ISSN: 0008-6363
AIMS: In the COMPASS trial, rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily (bid) plus acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) 100 mg once daily (od) performed better than ASA 100 mg od alone in reducing the rate of cardiovascular disease, stroke, or myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and peripheral artery disease (PAD). A Markov model was developed to assess the cost-effectiveness of rivaroxaban plus ASA vs. ASA alone over a lifetime horizon, from the UK National Health System perspective. METHODS AND RESULTS: The base case analysis assumed that patients entered the model in the event-free health state, with the possibility to experience ≤2 events, transitioning every three-month cycle, through acute and post-acute health states of MI, ischaemic stroke (IS), or intracranial haemorrhage (ICH), and death. Costs, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), life years-all discounted at 3.5%-and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were calculated. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted, as well as scenario analyses. In the model, patients on rivaroxaban plus ASA lived for an average of 14.0 years with no IS/MI/ICH, and gained 9.7 QALYs at a cost of £13 947, while those receiving ASA alone lived for an average of 12.7 years and gained 9.3 QALYs at a cost of £8126. The ICER was £16 360 per QALY. This treatment was cost-effective in 98% of 5000 iterations at a willingness-to-pay threshold of £30 000 per QALY. CONCLUSION: This Markov model suggests that rivaroxaban 2.5 mg bid plus ASA is a cost-effective alternative to ASA alone in patients with chronic CAD or PAD.
Yadegarfar ME, Gale CP, Dondo TB, et al., 2020, Association of treatments for acute myocardial infarction and survival for seven common comorbidity states: a nationwide cohort study, BMC Medicine, Vol: 18, Pages: 1-12, ISSN: 1741-7015
BackgroundComorbidity is common and has a substantial negative impact on the prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Whilst receipt of guideline-indicated treatment for AMI is associated with improved prognosis, the extent to which comorbidities influence treatment provision its efficacy is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the association between treatment provision for AMI and survival for seven common comorbidities.MethodsWe used data of 693,388 AMI patients recorded in the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP), 2003–2013. We investigated the association between comorbidities and receipt of optimal care for AMI (receipt of all eligible guideline-indicated treatments), and the effect of receipt of optimal care for comorbid AMI patients on long-term survival using flexible parametric survival models.ResultsA total of 412,809 [59.5%] patients with AMI had at least one comorbidity, including hypertension (302,388 [48.7%]), diabetes (122,228 [19.4%]), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, 89,221 [14.9%]), cerebrovascular disease (51,883 [8.6%]), chronic heart failure (33,813 [5.6%]), chronic renal failure (31,029 [5.0%]) and peripheral vascular disease (27,627 [4.6%]).Receipt of optimal care was associated with greatest survival benefit for patients without comorbidities (HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.51–0.56) followed by patients with hypertension (HR 0.60, 95% CI 0.58–0.62), diabetes (HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.80–0.87), peripheral vascular disease (HR 0.85, 95% CI 0.79–0.91), renal failure (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.84–0.94) and COPD (HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.87–0.94). For patients with heart failure and cerebrovascular disease, optimal care for AMI was not associated with improved survival.ConclusionsOverall, guideline-indicated care was associated with improved long-term survival. However, this was not the case in AMI patients with concomitant heart failure or cerebrovascular disease. There is therefore a need fo
Kim D, Hayhoe B, Aylin P, et al., 2020, Health service use by patients with heart failure living in a community setting: a cross-sectional analysis in North West London, BRITISH JOURNAL OF GENERAL PRACTICE, Vol: 70, Pages: E563-E572, ISSN: 0960-1643
Zakeri R, Morgan JM, Phillips P, et al., 2020, Prevalence and prognostic significance of device-detected subclinical atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, Vol: 312, Pages: 64-70, ISSN: 0167-5273
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