Imperial College London

DrMatthewGenge

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Senior Lecturer in Earth and Planetary Science
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 6499m.genge

 
 
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Location

 

1.45Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Summary

Research Interests

Research interests focus on meteoritics and planetary science and terrestrial igneous petrology.

  • The nature of micrometeorites and meteorites
  • The formation of planetary systems
  • Impact processes and rocks
  • The origins of life on Earth
  • Astrobiology and Mars
  • The nature of metal-bearing basalts
  • Carbonatite magmatism

Planetary research is conducted as part of IARC 

Biography

  • Senior Lecturer, Imperial College London 2002-present
  • PDRA, Meteorites Division, Natural History Museum  1994-2002
  • PhD, Geological Sciences, University College London 1989-1993
  • BSc, Geology, RSM, Imperial College, 1987-1989

Recent Measures of Esteem

  • 2009 Imperial College Teaching Fellowship for Innovation.
  • 2009 Imperial College Teaching Excellence Award
  • 2009 Faculty of Engineering Award for Teaching Excellence
  • 2007 Invited lecture at Meteoroids, Barcelona
  • 2006 US Antarctic Service Medal
  • 2006 Asteroid named in honour of Matt Genge by the International Astronomical Union
  • 2004 First UK member of the NASA CAPTEM Committee of Cosmic Dust
  • 2004 NASA Stardust mission preliminary investigation team
  • 2003 Dorothy Hodgkin Award, British Association for Science for excellence in science communication

Positions

  • Member of the cosmic dust subcommittee of NASA CAPTEM.
  • Advisor to the UK Government''s Near Earth Objects Information Centre.
  • Member of the NASA STARDUST mission preliminary examination team.
  • Webmaster of the Meteoritical Society.

Invited Lectures and Presentations

Invited Lecture, Meteoroids 2007, Barcelona, Spain

Other publications

Articles 2001-Present


"Koronis dust in Antarctic ice." (2008) M J Genge, Geology, 36, 687-690.

"The classification of micrometeorites." (2008) M J Genge, C Engrand, M Gounelle and S Taylor. Meteorit. and Planetary Sci. 43, 497-515.

"Micrometeorites and their implications for meteors." (2008) M J Genge. Earth, Moon and Planets. 102, 345-351.

"Igneous rims on micrometeorites." (2006) M J Genge. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 70, 2603-2621. PDF igneous rims

"Cryptoendolithic alteration of Antarctic sandstones: Pioneers or opportunists?" (2005) R L Blackhurst, M J Genge, A T Kearsley, and M M Grady. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 110, 1 - 11. PDF cryptoendoliths

"Chondrules in Antarctic Micrometeorites."  (2005) M J Genge, A. Gileski and M M Grady. Meteorit. and Planetary Sci., 40, 225-238. PDF chondrules

"Possible in situ formation of meteoritic nanodiamonds in the early Solar System." (2002) Z R Dai, J P Bradley, D J Joswiak, D E Brownlee, H G M Hill and M J Genge. Nature, 418, 157 - 159. PDF nanodiamonds

"Do meteoroids of sedimentary origin survive terrestrial atmospheric entry? The ESA artificial meteorite experiment STONE." (2002) A Brack, P Baglioni, G Borruat, F Brandstätter, R Demets, H G M Edwards, M J Genge, G Kurat, M F Miller, E M Newton, C T Pillinger, C A Roten, E Wäsch. Planetary and Space Science, 50, 763-772. PDF stone

"Salt-bearing fumarole deposits in the summit crater of Oldoinyo Lengai, Northern Tanzania: interactions between natrocarbonatite lava and meteoric water."  (2001) M J Genge, M Balme, and A P Jones.  J. Volcan. Geotherm. Res. 106, 111-122. PDF lengai

Pre 2001 Articles


"Chondrule formation by the ablation of small planetesimals." (2000) M J Genge.  Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 1143-1150. PDF ablation

"The fusion crusts of stony meteorites: Implications for the atmospheric reprocessing of extraterrestrial materials." (1999) M J Genge and M M Grady. Meteoritics and Planetary Science. 34, 341-356. PDF fusion crusts

"Unequilibrated assemblages of sulphide metal and oxide in the fusion crusts of the enstatite chondrite meteorites." (1999) M J Genge, Grady, M M.  Min. Mag. 63, 473-488.

"The material properties of asteroids and comets: Implications for planetary defense strategies." (1999) M J Genge.  J. British Interplanet. Soc. 52, 95-110.

"Melted micrometeorites from Antarctic ice with evidence for the separation of immiscible Fe-Ni-S liquids during entry heating." (1998) M J Genge, Grady, M M.  Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 33, no. 2, pages 425-434. PDF metal

"The textures and compositions of fine-grained Antarctic micrometeorites - Implications for comparisons with meteorites." (1997) M J Genge, Grady, M M, Hutchison, R.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 61,, p. 5149-. PDF fgMMs

"Evidence in a Glassy Cosmic Spherule from Antarctica for Grazing Incidence Encounters with the Earth's Atmosphere." (1996) M J Genge, Grady, M M, Hutchison, R.  Meteoritics, vol. 31, pages 627-632. PDF grazing incidence

"Molecular dynamics simulations of CaCO3 melts to mantle pressures and temperatures: implications for carbonatite magmas." (1995) M J Genge, D Price, P Jones.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 131, Issue 3-4, p. 225-238. PDF MD

"An infrared and Raman study of carbonate glasses: Implications for the structure of carbonate magmas." (1995) M J Genge, P Jones, D Price.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 59, 927-937. PDF infrared

Extended Abstracts


"Ordinary chondrite micrometeorites from the Koronis asteroids".
 (2006) M J Genge. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 2006, League City, Texas, abstract no.1759.

"Dust-sized meteorite ablation debris among micrometeorites."   (2006) M J Genge and Preston L J. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40, supplement,abstract no 5176.

"Multiple chondrule populations amongst micrometeorites."   (2005) M J Genge. 36th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1306.

"Microbial D/H Fractionation in Extraterrestrial Materials: Application to Micrometeorites and Mars."   (2004) R L Blackhurst, M J Genge & M M Grady, 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1584.

Igneous Rims on Micrometeorites and the Sizes of Chondrules in Main Belt Asteroids." (2004) M J Genge. 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1102.

"Flight Orientated Micrometeorites." (2003) M J Genge & K E Bowden. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 38, Supplement, abstract no.5107

"Primary Variations in Micrometeorites with Entry Velocity." (2003) M J Genge. 34th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 17-21, 2003, League City, Texas, abstract no.1151

"TEM Study of Antarctic Micrometeorites: A Preliminary Report" (2002) M. Gounelle, B Devouard, C Engrand, M J Genge, A Toppani & H Leroux. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37, Supplement, p.A55.

Hydrated Chondrule Fragments Amongst Micrometeorites" (2002) M Genge. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37, Supplement, p.A51

"Nano-Diamonds in Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs), Micrometeorites, and Meteorites." (2002) J P Bradley, Z R Dai, D J Joswiak, D E Brownlee, H G M Hill, & M J Genge.  Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37, Supplement, p.A21

"Nano-Diamonds in Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs), Micrometeorites, and Meteorites."   (2002) Dai, Z. R.; Bradley, J. P.; Joswiak, D. J.; Brownlee, D. E. & Genge, M. J. 33rd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11-15, 2002, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1321.

"The Distribution of Asteroids: Evidence from Antarctic Micrometeorites."   (2002) M J Genge & M M Grady 33rd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11-15, 2002, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1010.

"Thermal gradients in micrometeoroids during atmospheric entry."  (2002) M J Genge & M M Grady. Dust in the Solar System and Other Planetary Systems, IAU Colloquium 181 . Edited by S.F. Green, I.P. Williams, J.A.M. McDonnell and N. McBride. Oxford: Pergamon, 2002, 414 p. COSPAR colloquia series, Vol. 15. ISBN 0080441947., p.15

"The Abundance and Distribution of Chondrules in the Main Asteroid Belt: Evidence from Micrometeorites." (2001) M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 36, Supplement, p.A63.

"The Petrology of Fine-grained Micrometeorites: Evidence for the Diversity of Primitive Asteroids."(2001) M J Genge,&# 160; J P Bradley, C Engrand, M Gounelle, R P Harvey, & M M Grady. 32nd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 12-16, 2001, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1546.

"The Parent Bodies of Thermally Altered Fine-Grained Micrometeorites: Comparisons with CI and CM Fusion Crusts." (2000) M J Genge, C Engrand & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 35, Supplement, p.A59.

"Chondrules in the Parent Asteroids of Micrometeorites." (2000) M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 35, Supplement, p.A58.

"The Distribution of Meteorite Finds in the Namibian Desert and Recovery of a Highly Shocked Meteorite Pairing Group."   S S Russell, M E Zolensky, P A Bland, M J Genge, G Cressey, M M Grady 60;&  R Hutchi son. 31st Annual Lunar a n d Planetary Science Conference, March 13-17, 2000, Houston, Texas, abstract no. 1743.

"The Thermal Evolution of Micrometeoroids During Atmospheric Entry."  (2000) M J Genge & M M Grady. 31st Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 13-17, 2000, Houston, Texas, abstract no. 1361.

"Chromium-bearing Spinel Group Minerals in Micrometeorites." (1999) M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 34, Supplement, p.A41.

"Measurement of Back-Scattered Electron Coefficient: A Novel Technique to Investigate Matrix in Unmelted Antarctic Micrometeorites."   (1999) A T Kearsley, G A Graham, M J Genge, M M Grady & I P Wright. 30th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-29, 1999, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1620.

"Thermal Heteorogeneity in Micrometeoroids During Entry Heating." (1999)  M J Genge & M M Grady. 30th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-29, 1999, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1578.

"The Ablation of Small Planetesimals: Yet Another Probable Chondrule Formation Mechanism."(1998)  M J Genge. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 33, p. A56.

"A petrological-chemical classification Scheme for Coarse-Grained Micrometeorites." (1998)  M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 33, p. A56.

"The Fusion Crusts of the Stony Meteorites: Implications for Cosmic and Meteorite Ablation Spherules." (1998)  M J Genge & M M Grady. 29th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 16-20, 1 998 , Houston, TX, abstract no. 1808.

The Textures and Abundances of Chondrules in the Kakangari Chondrite." (1998)  M J Genge & M M Grady. 29th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 16-20, 1998, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1670.

"Parent Body Aqueous Alteration of Kamacite in the Kakangari Chondrite."   (1998) Genge, M. J.; Clark, R. J. H.; Firth, S.; Batchelder, M.; Grady, M. M. 29th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 16-20, 1998, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1665.

Free-silica in a non-chondritic micrometeorite from Antarctic ice." (1997)  M J Genge, M M Grady & R. Hutchison. 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, p. 405.

"The Fusion Crusts of Carbonaceous Chondrites: Implications for Melted Micrometeorites." (1997)  M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 32, page A45.

"Atmospheric Alteration in Fine-Grained Antarctic Micrometeorites."   (1997)  M J Genge & M M Grady. Lunar and Planetary Science, volume 27, page 399.

"Parent Body Associations of Fine-Grained Antarctic Micrometorites."   (1996)  M J Genge, M M Grady & R. Hutchison. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 31, page A48

Atmospheric Alteration of Coarse-Grained Antarctic Micrometeorites." (1996)  M J Genge, M M Grady & R. Hutchison.Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 31, page A49.

Public Understanding of Science Publications

Author of 27 feature articles within the UK national papers and New Scientist. Recent articles include:

  • The sound of shooting stars. The Guardian, October 23 2003
  • Nature’s stopwatch. The Guardian, March 27 2003
  • Rock of ages. The Guardian, January 09 2003
  • Where there’s muck there’s grass. The Guardian, December 19 2002
  • Illumination is the key. The Guardian, November 14 2002
  • Quaking at the knees. The Guardian, September 19 2002

Publications

Journals

Genge MJ, The material properties of asteroids and comets: Implications for planetary defence strategies, Jbis-journal of the British Interplanetary Society, ISSN:0007-084X

Genge MJ, 2017, Vesicle dynamics during the atmospheric entry heating of cosmic spherules, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Vol:52, ISSN:1086-9379, Pages:443-457

Genge MJ, 2017, The entry heating and abundances of basaltic micrometeorites, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Vol:52, ISSN:1086-9379, Pages:1000-1013

Conference

Genge MJ, Russell SS, A MICROCHONDRULE-BEARING MICROMETEORITE., 80th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society 2017

Shah J, Muxworthy AR, Almeida T, et al., Electron Holography of Chondrule Dusty Olivine (poster), Meteorites and Solar System formation workshop

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