Imperial College London

DrMatthewGenge

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Senior Lecturer in Earth and Planetary Science
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 6499m.genge

 
 
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Location

 

1.45Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Summary

Research Interests

Research interests focus on meteoritics and planetary science and terrestrial igneous petrology.

  • The nature of micrometeorites and meteorites
  • The formation of planetary systems
  • Impact processes and rocks
  • The origins of life on Earth
  • Astrobiology and Mars
  • The nature of metal-bearing basalts
  • Carbonatite magmatism

Planetary research is conducted as part of IARC 

Biography

  • Senior Lecturer, Imperial College London 2002-present
  • PDRA, Meteorites Division, Natural History Museum  1994-2002
  • PhD, Geological Sciences, University College London 1989-1993
  • BSc, Geology, RSM, Imperial College, 1987-1989

Recent Measures of Esteem

  • 2009 Imperial College Teaching Fellowship for Innovation.
  • 2009 Imperial College Teaching Excellence Award
  • 2009 Faculty of Engineering Award for Teaching Excellence
  • 2007 Invited lecture at Meteoroids, Barcelona
  • 2006 US Antarctic Service Medal
  • 2006 Asteroid named in honour of Matt Genge by the International Astronomical Union
  • 2004 First UK member of the NASA CAPTEM Committee of Cosmic Dust
  • 2004 NASA Stardust mission preliminary investigation team
  • 2003 Dorothy Hodgkin Award, British Association for Science for excellence in science communication

Positions

  • Member of the cosmic dust subcommittee of NASA CAPTEM.
  • Advisor to the UK Government''s Near Earth Objects Information Centre.
  • Member of the NASA STARDUST mission preliminary examination team.
  • Webmaster of the Meteoritical Society.

Invited Lectures and Presentations

Invited Lecture, Meteoroids 2007, Barcelona, Spain

Other publications

Articles 2001-Present


"Koronis dust in Antarctic ice." (2008) M J Genge, Geology, 36, 687-690.

"The classification of micrometeorites." (2008) M J Genge, C Engrand, M Gounelle and S Taylor. Meteorit. and Planetary Sci. 43, 497-515.

"Micrometeorites and their implications for meteors." (2008) M J Genge. Earth, Moon and Planets. 102, 345-351.

"Igneous rims on micrometeorites." (2006) M J Genge. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 70, 2603-2621. PDF igneous rims

"Cryptoendolithic alteration of Antarctic sandstones: Pioneers or opportunists?" (2005) R L Blackhurst, M J Genge, A T Kearsley, and M M Grady. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 110, 1 - 11. PDF cryptoendoliths

"Chondrules in Antarctic Micrometeorites."  (2005) M J Genge, A. Gileski and M M Grady. Meteorit. and Planetary Sci., 40, 225-238. PDF chondrules

"Possible in situ formation of meteoritic nanodiamonds in the early Solar System." (2002) Z R Dai, J P Bradley, D J Joswiak, D E Brownlee, H G M Hill and M J Genge. Nature, 418, 157 - 159. PDF nanodiamonds

"Do meteoroids of sedimentary origin survive terrestrial atmospheric entry? The ESA artificial meteorite experiment STONE." (2002) A Brack, P Baglioni, G Borruat, F Brandstätter, R Demets, H G M Edwards, M J Genge, G Kurat, M F Miller, E M Newton, C T Pillinger, C A Roten, E Wäsch. Planetary and Space Science, 50, 763-772. PDF stone

"Salt-bearing fumarole deposits in the summit crater of Oldoinyo Lengai, Northern Tanzania: interactions between natrocarbonatite lava and meteoric water."  (2001) M J Genge, M Balme, and A P Jones.  J. Volcan. Geotherm. Res. 106, 111-122. PDF lengai

Pre 2001 Articles


"Chondrule formation by the ablation of small planetesimals." (2000) M J Genge.  Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 1143-1150. PDF ablation

"The fusion crusts of stony meteorites: Implications for the atmospheric reprocessing of extraterrestrial materials." (1999) M J Genge and M M Grady. Meteoritics and Planetary Science. 34, 341-356. PDF fusion crusts

"Unequilibrated assemblages of sulphide metal and oxide in the fusion crusts of the enstatite chondrite meteorites." (1999) M J Genge, Grady, M M.  Min. Mag. 63, 473-488.

"The material properties of asteroids and comets: Implications for planetary defense strategies." (1999) M J Genge.  J. British Interplanet. Soc. 52, 95-110.

"Melted micrometeorites from Antarctic ice with evidence for the separation of immiscible Fe-Ni-S liquids during entry heating." (1998) M J Genge, Grady, M M.  Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 33, no. 2, pages 425-434. PDF metal

"The textures and compositions of fine-grained Antarctic micrometeorites - Implications for comparisons with meteorites." (1997) M J Genge, Grady, M M, Hutchison, R.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 61,, p. 5149-. PDF fgMMs

"Evidence in a Glassy Cosmic Spherule from Antarctica for Grazing Incidence Encounters with the Earth's Atmosphere." (1996) M J Genge, Grady, M M, Hutchison, R.  Meteoritics, vol. 31, pages 627-632. PDF grazing incidence

"Molecular dynamics simulations of CaCO3 melts to mantle pressures and temperatures: implications for carbonatite magmas." (1995) M J Genge, D Price, P Jones.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 131, Issue 3-4, p. 225-238. PDF MD

"An infrared and Raman study of carbonate glasses: Implications for the structure of carbonate magmas." (1995) M J Genge, P Jones, D Price.  Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta., 59, 927-937. PDF infrared

Extended Abstracts


"Ordinary chondrite micrometeorites from the Koronis asteroids".
 (2006) M J Genge. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 2006, League City, Texas, abstract no.1759.

"Dust-sized meteorite ablation debris among micrometeorites."   (2006) M J Genge and Preston L J. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40, supplement,abstract no 5176.

"Multiple chondrule populations amongst micrometeorites."   (2005) M J Genge. 36th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1306.

"Microbial D/H Fractionation in Extraterrestrial Materials: Application to Micrometeorites and Mars."   (2004) R L Blackhurst, M J Genge & M M Grady, 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1584.

Igneous Rims on Micrometeorites and the Sizes of Chondrules in Main Belt Asteroids." (2004) M J Genge. 35th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-19, 2004, League City, Texas, abstract no.1102.

"Flight Orientated Micrometeorites." (2003) M J Genge & K E Bowden. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 38, Supplement, abstract no.5107

"Primary Variations in Micrometeorites with Entry Velocity." (2003) M J Genge. 34th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 17-21, 2003, League City, Texas, abstract no.1151

"TEM Study of Antarctic Micrometeorites: A Preliminary Report" (2002) M. Gounelle, B Devouard, C Engrand, M J Genge, A Toppani & H Leroux. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37, Supplement, p.A55.

Hydrated Chondrule Fragments Amongst Micrometeorites" (2002) M Genge. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37, Supplement, p.A51

"Nano-Diamonds in Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs), Micrometeorites, and Meteorites." (2002) J P Bradley, Z R Dai, D J Joswiak, D E Brownlee, H G M Hill, & M J Genge.  Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37, Supplement, p.A21

"Nano-Diamonds in Interplanetary Dust Particles (IDPs), Micrometeorites, and Meteorites."   (2002) Dai, Z. R.; Bradley, J. P.; Joswiak, D. J.; Brownlee, D. E. & Genge, M. J. 33rd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11-15, 2002, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1321.

"The Distribution of Asteroids: Evidence from Antarctic Micrometeorites."   (2002) M J Genge & M M Grady 33rd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 11-15, 2002, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1010.

"Thermal gradients in micrometeoroids during atmospheric entry."  (2002) M J Genge & M M Grady. Dust in the Solar System and Other Planetary Systems, IAU Colloquium 181 . Edited by S.F. Green, I.P. Williams, J.A.M. McDonnell and N. McBride. Oxford: Pergamon, 2002, 414 p. COSPAR colloquia series, Vol. 15. ISBN 0080441947., p.15

"The Abundance and Distribution of Chondrules in the Main Asteroid Belt: Evidence from Micrometeorites." (2001) M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 36, Supplement, p.A63.

"The Petrology of Fine-grained Micrometeorites: Evidence for the Diversity of Primitive Asteroids."(2001) M J Genge,&# 160; J P Bradley, C Engrand, M Gounelle, R P Harvey, & M M Grady. 32nd Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 12-16, 2001, Houston, Texas, abstract no.1546.

"The Parent Bodies of Thermally Altered Fine-Grained Micrometeorites: Comparisons with CI and CM Fusion Crusts." (2000) M J Genge, C Engrand & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 35, Supplement, p.A59.

"Chondrules in the Parent Asteroids of Micrometeorites." (2000) M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 35, Supplement, p.A58.

"The Distribution of Meteorite Finds in the Namibian Desert and Recovery of a Highly Shocked Meteorite Pairing Group."   S S Russell, M E Zolensky, P A Bland, M J Genge, G Cressey, M M Grady 60;&  R Hutchi son. 31st Annual Lunar a n d Planetary Science Conference, March 13-17, 2000, Houston, Texas, abstract no. 1743.

"The Thermal Evolution of Micrometeoroids During Atmospheric Entry."  (2000) M J Genge & M M Grady. 31st Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 13-17, 2000, Houston, Texas, abstract no. 1361.

"Chromium-bearing Spinel Group Minerals in Micrometeorites." (1999) M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 34, Supplement, p.A41.

"Measurement of Back-Scattered Electron Coefficient: A Novel Technique to Investigate Matrix in Unmelted Antarctic Micrometeorites."   (1999) A T Kearsley, G A Graham, M J Genge, M M Grady & I P Wright. 30th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-29, 1999, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1620.

"Thermal Heteorogeneity in Micrometeoroids During Entry Heating." (1999)  M J Genge & M M Grady. 30th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 15-29, 1999, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1578.

"The Ablation of Small Planetesimals: Yet Another Probable Chondrule Formation Mechanism."(1998)  M J Genge. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 33, p. A56.

"A petrological-chemical classification Scheme for Coarse-Grained Micrometeorites." (1998)  M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 33, p. A56.

"The Fusion Crusts of the Stony Meteorites: Implications for Cosmic and Meteorite Ablation Spherules." (1998)  M J Genge & M M Grady. 29th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 16-20, 1 998 , Houston, TX, abstract no. 1808.

The Textures and Abundances of Chondrules in the Kakangari Chondrite." (1998)  M J Genge & M M Grady. 29th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 16-20, 1998, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1670.

"Parent Body Aqueous Alteration of Kamacite in the Kakangari Chondrite."   (1998) Genge, M. J.; Clark, R. J. H.; Firth, S.; Batchelder, M.; Grady, M. M. 29th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 16-20, 1998, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1665.

Free-silica in a non-chondritic micrometeorite from Antarctic ice." (1997)  M J Genge, M M Grady & R. Hutchison. 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, p. 405.

"The Fusion Crusts of Carbonaceous Chondrites: Implications for Melted Micrometeorites." (1997)  M J Genge & M M Grady. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 32, page A45.

"Atmospheric Alteration in Fine-Grained Antarctic Micrometeorites."   (1997)  M J Genge & M M Grady. Lunar and Planetary Science, volume 27, page 399.

"Parent Body Associations of Fine-Grained Antarctic Micrometorites."   (1996)  M J Genge, M M Grady & R. Hutchison. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 31, page A48

Atmospheric Alteration of Coarse-Grained Antarctic Micrometeorites." (1996)  M J Genge, M M Grady & R. Hutchison.Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 31, page A49.

Public Understanding of Science Publications

Author of 27 feature articles within the UK national papers and New Scientist. Recent articles include:

  • The sound of shooting stars. The Guardian, October 23 2003
  • Nature’s stopwatch. The Guardian, March 27 2003
  • Rock of ages. The Guardian, January 09 2003
  • Where there’s muck there’s grass. The Guardian, December 19 2002
  • Illumination is the key. The Guardian, November 14 2002
  • Quaking at the knees. The Guardian, September 19 2002

Publications

Journals

Genge MJ, The entry heating and abundances of basaltic micrometeorites, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, ISSN:1086-9379

Suttle MD, Genge MJ, Folco L, et al., The Thermal Decomposition of Fine-grained Micrometeorites, Observations from Mid-IR Spectroscopy, Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, ISSN:1872-9533

Genge MJ, 2017, Vesicle dynamics during the atmospheric entry heating of cosmic spherules, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Vol:52, ISSN:1086-9379, Pages:443-457

Genge MJ, 2017, An increased abundance of micrometeorites on Earth owing to vesicular parachutes, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol:44, ISSN:0094-8276, Pages:1679-1686

Genge MJ, Larsen J, Van Ginneken M, et al., 2017, An urban collection of modern-day large micrometeorites: Evidence for variations in the extraterrestrial dust flux through the Quaternary, Geology, Vol:45, ISSN:0091-7613, Pages:119-122

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