Imperial College London

Dr Matthew Hannon

Faculty of Natural SciencesCentre for Environmental Policy

Visiting Researcher
 
 
 
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Contact

 

m.hannon

 
 
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Location

 

16 Prince's GardensSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

53 results found

Middlemiss L, Davis M, Brown D, Bookbinder R, Cairns I, Mininni GM, Brisbois MC, Hannon M, Owen A, Hall Set al., 2024, Developing a relational approach to energy demand: A methodological and conceptual guide, Energy Research and Social Science, Vol: 110, ISSN: 2214-6296

In a recent review of research on the role of social relations in shaping energy demand, authors documented increasing interest in relational approaches to energy [1]. Relational approaches to energy conceive of human behaviour as produced and reproduced by social relations and interactions, placing relationships at the centre of inquiry, as well as understanding these relationships in the context of infrastructure and the built environment. In this paper, we build on a relational approach in new economic sociology, and on our research project about the social relations of energy retrofit, to offer a methodological and conceptual guide to those working on energy demand topics. We detail the ontological and epistemological starting points of our relational approach, and articulate how research can be designed to capture the role of social relations in shaping decision-making on energy, as well as to offer innovative insights for policy-makers and practitioners. We use our experience in a research project on energy retrofit as a case study, reflecting on the practical aspects of this research approach to provide suggestions for research design for those interested in doing similar work. This includes defining key concepts and the way they interact in a conceptual framework for a relational approach to energy. We also offer some conceptually driven research questions as a starting point for energy research projects. We finish by discussing the potential for further application of these ideas in research, policy and practice.

Journal article

Braunholtz-Speight T, Sharmina M, Pappas D, Webb J, Fuentes-González F, Hannon Met al., 2024, Smart power to the people: Business models for engaging domestic energy users in smart local energy systems in Britain, Energy Research and Social Science, Vol: 110, ISSN: 2214-6296

Smart Local Energy Systems (SLES) are proposed as a method of decarbonising energy systems that uses demand management by energy users to integrate intermittent renewables. SLES therefore require the increasingly active participation of energy users in the operation of energy systems. We spoke to operators and developers of existing local energy systems in Britain today, to understand their business models, and how they interact with users. We find that users are seen as critical to the effective operation of local energy systems. Operators support users to play this role, either through providing advice, or through minimising the amount of adapting to new technologies and techniques users are required to do. Often these users are physically connected to the local energy system, and cannot easily switch to a different system. As widespread deployment of SLES will require the participation of domestic users who currently can easily switch suppliers, better user engagement is a key challenge for SLES. We ran two workshops with local energy system stakeholders to develop business models to address this challenge. We present two outline business models designed to provide increased consumer protection and support to SLES users. We draw on the literature on smart energy users to analyse existing systems and our outline novel business models, discussing the conceptualisation of users that underpins them, their governance and potential conflicts of interest, and who they create value for. We end with suggestions for policy to maximise the potential of these business models to provide socially equitable access to SLES.

Journal article

Owen A, Middlemiss L, Brown D, Davis M, Hall S, Bookbinder R, Brisbois MC, Cairns I, Hannon M, Mininni Get al., 2023, Who applies for energy grants?, ENERGY RESEARCH & SOCIAL SCIENCE, Vol: 101, ISSN: 2214-6296

Journal article

Hannon M, Cairns I, Braunholtz-Speight T, Hardy J, McLachlan C, Mander S, Sharmina Met al., 2023, Carrots, sticks and sermons: Policies to unlock community energy finance in the United Kingdom, ENERGY RESEARCH & SOCIAL SCIENCE, Vol: 100, ISSN: 2214-6296

Journal article

Cairns I, Hannon M, Braunholtz-Speight T, McLachlan C, Mander S, Hardy J, Sharmina M, Manderson Eet al., 2023, Financing grassroots innovation diffusion pathways: the case of UK community energy, ENVIRONMENTAL INNOVATION AND SOCIETAL TRANSITIONS, Vol: 46, ISSN: 2210-4224

Journal article

Pappas D, Braunholtz-Speight T, Hannon M, Webb J, Fuentes Gonz├ílez F, Sharmina Met al., 2023, Business models for smart local energy systems—A triple layered perspective, Frontiers in Sustainable Energy Policy, Vol: 1

<jats:p>Smart and local energy systems (SLES) offer an alternative to large-scale energy provision and a boost to the transition towards a low-carbon economy. However, the Business Model Canvas (BMC), an increasingly used framework for analyzing SLES, does not adequately describe the multiple value streams that can characterize the business models of numerous SLES projects. In this research, we modify and use the triple-layered BMC to analyze 18 SLES projects selected globally. The decarbonisation, digitalization and democratization associated with SLES, means that the value proposition extends beyond straightforward economic value and towards environmental and social value, and we find a wide reporting gap of environmental and social elements. We argue that the triple-layered BMC, which incorporates the environmental and social layers into its analysis, better reflects real-world business model complexity. We provide a common framework to SLES stakeholders for identifying and adding environmental and social value to their business models.</jats:p>

Journal article

MacKenzie NG, Knox S, Hannon M, 2022, Fast breeder reactor technology and the entrepreneurial state in the UK, BUSINESS HISTORY, Vol: 64, Pages: 1494-1509, ISSN: 0007-6791

Journal article

Gonzalez FF, Webb J, Sharmina M, Hannon M, Braunholtz-Speight T, Pappas Det al., 2022, Local energy businesses in the United Kingdom: Clusters and localism determinants based on financial ratios, ENERGY, Vol: 239, ISSN: 0360-5442

Journal article

Knox S, Hannon M, Stewart F, Ford Ret al., 2022, The (in)justices of smart local energy systems: A systematic review, integrated framework, and future research agenda, ENERGY RESEARCH & SOCIAL SCIENCE, Vol: 83, ISSN: 2214-6296

Journal article

Braunholtz-Speight T, McLachlan C, Mander S, Hannon M, Hardy J, Cairns I, Sharmina M, Manderson Eet al., 2021, The long term future for community energy in Great Britain: a co-created vision of a thriving sector and steps towards realising it, Energy Research and Social Science, Vol: 78, Pages: 1-15, ISSN: 2214-6296

Explorations of the longer-term potential for community energy to contribute to the energy transition can shape policy and practice today. However, much community energy research in Great Britain is currently, and understandably, focussed on short-term responses to the crisis in the sector induced by recent shifts in policy support. Therefore, we held a series of visioning and backcasting workshops with community energy practitioners and other stakeholders, to co-create a vision of a long term future where there is a thriving community energy sector.This paper presents the results of those workshops. Using the concept of business models to interrogate how community energy could be structured in the future, we find that the sector could diversify from its current focus on renewable electricity generation and energy efficiency, into new areas of the energy system: demand-side flexibility, mobility and heat. We also see potential for a Community Energy Confederation to help bridge the gap between the strengths of local organising, and the opportunities offered by larger scale activities. We identify the importance of actions by government – both at national and local levels – to realising this vision, in combination with the efforts of the community energy sector itself. Our research highlights the need for change in the institutional and spatial character of community energy; the sector’s pragmatic attitude to the technological aspects of the energy transition; and its focus on community energy’s role in delivering social and environmental co-benefits, in line with the concept of a just transition.

Journal article

Gonzalez FF, Webb J, Sharmina M, Hannon M, Pappas D, Tingey Met al., 2021, Characterising a local energy business sector in the United Kingdom: Participants, revenue sources, and estimates of localism and smartness, ENERGY, Vol: 223, ISSN: 0360-5442

Journal article

Braunholtz-Speight T, Sharmina M, Manderson E, Hannon M, Hardy J, Mander Set al., 2020, Business models and financial characteristics of community energy in the UK, Nature Energy, Vol: 5, Pages: 169-177, ISSN: 2058-7546

Community energy projects take a decentralised and participatory approach to low-carbon energy. We present a quantitative analysis of business models, financing mechanisms and financial performance of UK community energy projects, based on a new survey. We find that business models depend on technology, project size, and fine-tuning of operations to local contexts. While larger projects rely more on loans, community shares are the most common and cheapest financial instrument in the sector. Community energy has pioneered low-cost citizen finance for renewables, but its future is threatened by reductions, and instability, in policy support. Over 90% of the projects in our sample make a financial surplus during our single-year snapshot, but this falls to just 20% if we remove income from price guarantee mechanisms, such as the Feed-in Tariff. Renewed support and/or business model innovations are therefore needed for the sector to realise its potential contribution to the low-carbon energy transition.

Journal article

Braunholtz-Speight T, Sharmina M, Manderson E, McLachlan C, Hannon M, Hardy J, Mander Set al., 2020, Price support allows communities to raise low-cost citizen finance for renewable energy projects, NATURE ENERGY, Vol: 5, Pages: 127-128, ISSN: 2058-7546

Journal article

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Energy Innovation for the Twenty-First Century: Accelerating the Energy Revolution, Publisher: Edward Elgar, ISBN: 978 1 78811 261 1

This book addresses the question: how effective are countries in promoting the innovation needed to facilitate an energy transition? At the heart of the book is a set of empirical case studies covering supply and demand side technologies at different levels of maturity in a variety of countries. The case studies are set within an analytical framework encompassing the functions of technological innovation systems and innovation metrics. The book concludes with lessons and recommendations for effective policy intervention.

Book

Skea J, Gazis E, Rhodes A, van Diemen R, Hannon Met al., 2019, Energy Innovation for the Twenty-First Century, Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

Book

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Energy innovation, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 112-145, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Building integrated photovoltaics, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 282-321, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Energy Innovation for the Twenty-First Century Accelerating the Energy Revolution Introduction, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 2-20, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Lessons for effective energy innovation, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 396-425, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Wave energy, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 240-281, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Heat pumps, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 179-213, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Shale gas, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 322-358, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Wind energy, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 214-239, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Science and technology innovation, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 81-111, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Energy policy, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 48-80, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, The changing role of energy in society, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 21-46, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Smart grids, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 359-394, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Skea J, van Diemen R, Hannon M, Gazis E, Rhodes Aet al., 2019, Understanding and measuring energy innovation, ENERGY INNOVATION FOR THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY: ACCELERATING THE ENERGY REVOLUTION, Publisher: EDWARD ELGAR PUBLISHING LTD, Pages: 147-178, ISBN: 978-1-78811-260-4

Book chapter

Frame D, Hannon M, Bell K, McArthur Set al., 2018, Innovation in regulated electricity distribution networks: A review of the effectiveness of Great Britain's Low Carbon Networks Fund, ENERGY POLICY, Vol: 118, Pages: 121-132, ISSN: 0301-4215

Journal article

Restuccia D, Clodoveo ML, Corbo F, Loizzo MRet al., 2018, De-stoning technology for improving olive oil nutritional and sensory features: The right idea at the wrong time., Food Res Int, Vol: 106, Pages: 636-646

De-stoning technology has been introduced in the olive oil sector more than twenty years ago. It has not gained momentum because, sometimes, innovative ideas are not accepted since they are suggested at the wrong time or under the wrong circumstances. Virgin olive oil (VOO) is one of the most popular functional foods, mainly due to its antioxidant properties. These features, as well as other nutritional characteristics are generally enhanced by the de-stoning process. However, despite the improvement of the nutritional value, in the past the de-stoned oil didn't achieve marketing success mainly in relation to technological limitations (i.e. low oil yield). Only in recent years healthy properties became an element able to influence consumers' behavior, overcoming the limit of low oil yields and attracting the attention of olive oil producers. An analysis of the advantages, in terms of product quality and process sustainability, is given in this review. Here, for the first time, the fragmented results reported in literature are critically analyzed underlining the contradictions reported by different authors showing the main reasons for the unlucky fate of this technology in the industrial sector. In the final section the challenges, that future research must focus on, are presented, including emerging technologies in VOO processing. Literature data, for the first time discussed here exhaustively, show that de-stoning technology is a mechanical strategy useful to increase the nutritional and the sensory quality of the product. Moreover, it reduces the depletion of natural resources obtaining a selective crushing of the drupe by removing the stones from the olive paste so increasing the sustainability and efficiency of VOO extraction plants.

Journal article

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