Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




401BMolecular Sciences Research HubWhite City Campus





Milo Shaffer is Professor of Materials Chemistry at Imperial College London, and was co-Director of the London Centre for Nanotechnology (2010-2020). He has extensive experience of carbon and inorganic nanomaterials synthesis, modification, characterisation, and application, particularly for nanocomposite and hierarchical systems, for both structural and electrochemical applications. Notable recent work includes new, patented methods for the dispersion, surface functionalisation and characterisation of carbon nanomaterials, and new approaches to the synthesis of functionalised oxide nanoparticles in situ. In general, exploitation of nanomaterials is limited by difficulties in synthesis and processing, and research focuses on these problems.

Milo has been involved in a number of large programs, including HiPerDuct and a number of projects on structural power. He currently leads the programme grant NextCOMP, and the Graphene Flagship initiative at Imperial. Milo has previously spent time working as a materials technology consultant in the areas of new technology development and exploitation, and has filed over thirty patents, a number of which have been licensed commercially. He co-founded the spin-out company Solena Materials, developing new protein-based fibres. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed papers with a total of over 33000 citations, h-Index 84. He was awarded the Royal Society of Chemistry Meldola medal in 2005, a prestigious EPSRC Leadership Fellowship in 2008, and the RSC Corday-Morgan Prize in 2014. He previously served on the RSC Materials Chemistry Division Council, and now sits on the EPSRC Strategic Advisory Team for Engineering, and the editorial boards of Nanocomposites and International Materials Reviews. He joined Imperial in 2003 from the University of Cambridge.

The research group focuses on Nanostructured Hierarchical Assemblies and Composites (or "NanoHAC"); further details can be found here.


Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Li Y, Shaffer MSP, 2023, Confocal microscopy for in situ multi-modal characterization and patterning of laser-reduced graphene oxide, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol:33, ISSN:1616-301X, Pages:1-13

Senokos E, Anthony DB, Rubio N, et al., 2023, Robust single‐walled carbon nanotube‐infiltrated carbon fiber electrodes for structural supercapacitors: from reductive dissolution to high performance devices, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol:33, ISSN:1616-301X, Pages:1-11

Govada L, Rubio N, Saridakis E, et al., 2022, Graphene-based nucleants for protein crystallization, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol:32, ISSN:1616-301X

Shaffer MSP, Clancy A, Skipper N, et al., 2018, Charged carbon nanomaterials: the redox chemistries of fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphenes, Chemical Reviews, Vol:118, ISSN:1520-6890, Pages:7363-7408

De Luca F, Clancy A, Rubio Carrero N, et al., 2018, Increasing carbon fiber composite strength with a nanostructured“brick-and-mortar” interphase, Materials Horizons, Vol:5, ISSN:2051-6355, Pages:668-674

Hart M, White ER, Chen J, et al., 2017, Encapsulation and polymerization of white phosphorus inside single-wall carbon nanotubes, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol:56, ISSN:1521-3757, Pages:8144-8148

Pike SD, White ER, Regoutz A, et al., 2017, Reversible Redox Cycling of Well-Defined, Ultrasmall Cu/Cu2O Nanoparticles, ACS Nano, Vol:11, ISSN:1936-0851, Pages:2714-2723

Pike S, White E, Shaffer M, et al., 2016, Simple Phosphinate Ligands Access New Zinc Clusters Identified in the Synthesis of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles, Nature Communications, Vol:7, ISSN:2041-1723

More Publications