Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website

 
 
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Assistant

 

Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845

 
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Location

 

M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

262 results found

Chavez-Valdez A, Shaffer MSP, Boccaccini AR, 2013, Applications of Graphene Electrophoretic Deposition. A Review, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, Vol: 117, Pages: 1502-1515, ISSN: 1520-6106

Journal article

Hodge SA, Fogden S, Howard CA, Skipper NT, Shaffer MSPet al., 2013, Electrochemical Processing of Discrete Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Anions, ACS NANO, Vol: 7, Pages: 1769-1778, ISSN: 1936-0851

Journal article

Subhani T, Shaffer MSP, Boccaccini AR, 2013, Carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced glass and glass-ceramic matrix composites, Ceramic Nanocomposites, Pages: 208-256, ISBN: 9780857093387

In this chapter, glass and glass-ceramic matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are discussed with an emphasis on their production, properties, microstructures and applications. Composite manufacturing routes require both CNT/matrix powder preparation techniques and their densification by suitable sintering processes. Physical, mechanical, functional and technological properties of the composites are evaluated, including density, hardness, elastic modulus, fracture strength and toughness, electrical and thermal conductivity, wear and friction resistance, and thermal shock, cycling and ageing resistance. Microstructural features are typically characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Based on the characteristics obtained, potential applications of the composites are considered, together with a discussion of the unresolved manufacturing challenges and desirable, but still unattained, properties. © 2013. Woodhead Publishing Limited All rights reserved.

Book chapter

Chen S, Goode AE, Sweeney S, Theodorou IG, Thorley AJ, Ruenraroengsak P, Chang Y, Gow A, Schwander S, Skepper J, Zhang JJ, Shaffer MS, Chung KF, Tetley TD, Ryan MP, Porter AEet al., 2013, Sulfidation of silver nanowires inside human alveolar epithelial cells: a potential detoxification mechanism, NANOSCALE, Vol: 5, Pages: 9839-9847, ISSN: 2040-3364

Journal article

Brown NJ, Weiner J, Hellgardt K, Shaffer MSP, Williams CKet al., 2013, Phosphinate stabilised ZnO and Cu colloidal nanocatalysts for CO2 hydrogenation to methanol, CHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS, Vol: 49, Pages: 11074-11076, ISSN: 1359-7345

Journal article

Shirshova N, Bismarck A, Carreyette S, Fontana QPV, Greenhalgh ES, Jacobsson P, Johansson P, Marczewski MJ, Kalinka G, Kucernak ARJ, Scheers J, Shaffer MSP, Steinke JHG, Wienrich Met al., 2013, Structural supercapacitor electrolytes based on bicontinuous ionic liquid-epoxy resin systems, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, Vol: 1, Pages: 15300-15309, ISSN: 2050-7488

Journal article

Shirshova N, Qian H, Shaffer MSP, Steinke JHG, Greenhalgh ES, Curtis PT, Kucernak A, Bismarck Aet al., 2013, Structural composite supercapacitors, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Vol: 46, Pages: 96-107, ISSN: 1359-835X

This paper presents the development of multifunctional materials that perform a structural role whilst simultaneously storing electrical energy as a supercapacitor. Two structural carbon fibre woven electrodeswere separated by a woven glass fibre layer, and infused with a multifunctional polymer electrolyte. Following characterisation of electrochemical and compressive performance, working structural supercapacitor prototypes were demonstrated. Since the relative mechanical and electrical demands are application specific, an optimisation methodology is proposed. Multifunctional composites were achieved, which had compressive moduli of up to 39 GPa and capacitances of up to 52 mF g 1.

Journal article

Garcia-Gallastegui A, Iruretagoyena D, Gouvea V, Mokhtar M, Asiri AM, Basahel SN, Al-Thabaiti SA, Alyoubi AO, Chadwick D, Shaffer MSPet al., 2012, Graphene Oxide as Support for Layered Double Hydroxides: Enhancing the CO2 Adsorption Capacity, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, Vol: 24, Pages: 4531-4539, ISSN: 0897-4756

Journal article

Cho J, Boccaccini AR, Shaffer MSP, 2012, The influence of reagent stoichiometry on the yield and aspect ratio of acid-oxidised injection CVD-grown multi-walled carbon nanotubes, CARBON, Vol: 50, Pages: 3967-3976, ISSN: 0008-6223

Journal article

Menzel R, Bismarck A, Shaffer MSP, 2012, Deconvolution of the structural and chemical surface properties of carbon nanotubes by inverse gas chromatography, CARBON, Vol: 50, Pages: 3416-3421, ISSN: 0008-6223

Journal article

Orchard KL, Shaffer MSP, Williams CK, 2012, Organometallic Route to Surface-Modified ZnO Nanoparticles Suitable for In Situ Nanocomposite Synthesis: Bound Carboxylate Stoichiometry Controls Particle Size or Surface Coverage, CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, Vol: 24, Pages: 2443-2448, ISSN: 0897-4756

Journal article

Milner EM, Skipper NT, Howard CA, Shaffer MSP, Buckley DJ, Rahnejat KA, Cullen PL, Heenan RK, Lindner P, Schweins Ret al., 2012, Structure and Morphology of Charged Graphene Platelets in Solution by Small-Angle Neutron Scattering, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Vol: 134, Pages: 8302-8305, ISSN: 0002-7863

Journal article

Garcia-Gallastegui A, Iruretagoyena D, Mokhtar M, Asiri M A, Basahel S N, Al-Thabaiti S A, Alyoubi A O, Chadwick D, Shaffer MSPet al., 2012, Layered Double Hydroxide supported on Multi-wall Carbon Nanotubes: preparation and CO2 sorption characteristics, J. Mater. Chem., Vol: 22

Journal article

Cunningham G, Lotya M, Cucinotta CS, Sanvito S, Bergin SD, Menzel R, Shaffer MSP, Coleman JNet al., 2012, Solvent Exfoliation of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides: Dispersibility of Exfoliated Nanosheets Varies Only Weakly between Compounds, ACS NANO, Vol: 6, Pages: 3468-3480, ISSN: 1936-0851

Journal article

Celaya Sanfiz A, Garcia-Gallastegui A, Iruretagoyena D, Mokhtar M, Asiri M A, Basahel S N, Al-Thabaiti S A, Alyoubi A O, Chadwick D, Shaffer MSPet al., 2012, Self condensation of acetone over Mg-Al layered double hydroxide supported on multi-walled carbon nanotube catalysts

Journal article

McGilvery CM, Goode AE, Shaffer MSP, McComb DWet al., 2012, Contamination of holey/lacey carbon films in STEM, MICRON, Vol: 43, Pages: 450-455, ISSN: 0968-4328

Journal article

Bismarck A, Carreyette S, Fontana QPV, Greenhalgh ES, Jacobsson P, Johansson P, Marczewski MJ, Kalinka G, Kucernak A, Shaffer MS, Shirshova N, Steinke JHG, Wienrich Met al., 2012, Multifunctional epoxy resin for structural supercapacitors, ECCM 2012 - Composites at Venice, Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Composite Materials

Polymer-based electrolytes based on commercially available epoxy resins were prepared through the addition of a liquid electrolyte, a solution of a lithium salt in an ionic liquid. The polymer monoliths were characterized using impedance spectroscopy, 3-point bending test, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and nitrogen adsorption (BET). The balance of ionic conductivity and flexural modulus is crucially dependent on the relative proportions of epoxy resin to electrolyte. Also the effect of the liquid electrolyte on curing kinetics and processing was assessed by complex viscosity measurements and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Only one out of the three resins investigated exhibited a significant acceleration effect.

Journal article

Qian H, Diao HL, Houllé M, Amadou J, Shirshova N, Greenhalgh ES, Shaffer MSP, Bismarck Aet al., 2012, Carbon fibre modifications for composite structural power devices, ECCM 2012 - Composites at Venice, Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Composite Materials

This research project focuses on the development of new multifunctional composite materials, which allow energy storage functionality to be imbued upon low weight structural components. A crucial requirement for efficient structural energy storage composites is the development of structural carbon fibre electrode materials that possess high electrochemical surface area and stability whilst supporting high mechanical loads. In the present work, a variety of carbon fibre modifications were investigated, including chemical activation, carbon nanotube (CNT) sizing and CNT-grafting. The effects of these different modification methods on the fibre surface microstructure, electrochemical, and mechanical performance were studied and compared. In the most promising cases, up to a hundred-fold improvement in electrical storage capacity was achieved. Furthermore, single fibre tensile tests demonstrated that the intrinsically excellent mechanical properties of the carbon fibre were retained after the modifications.

Journal article

Menzel R, Cottam BF, Ziemian SC, Shaffer MSPet al., 2012, Two-stage, non-hydrolytic synthesis for improved control of TiO2 nanorod formation, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, Vol: 22, Pages: 12172-12178, ISSN: 0959-9428

Journal article

Hodge SA, Bayazit MK, Coleman KS, Shaffer MSPet al., 2012, Unweaving the rainbow: a review of the relationship between single-walled carbon nanotube molecular structures and their chemical reactivity, CHEMICAL SOCIETY REVIEWS, Vol: 41, Pages: 4409-4429, ISSN: 0306-0012

Journal article

Fogden S, Howard CA, Heenan RK, Skipper NT, Shaffer MSPet al., 2012, Scalable Method for the Reductive Dissolution, Purification, and Separation of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes, ACS NANO, Vol: 6, Pages: 54-62, ISSN: 1936-0851

Journal article

Shaffer M, Fogden S, Skipper N, Howard Cet al., 2011, METHOD FOR SEPARATING NANOMATERIALS, US2011308968 (A1)

Patent

Shaffer M, Howard C, Skipper N, Fogden Set al., 2011, METHOD FOR DISPERSING AND SEPARATING NANOTUBES, US2011287258

Patent

Bismarck A, Shaffer M, Menzel R, Tran M, Menner Aet al., 2011, Process for the production of a functionalised carbon nanomaterial, US2011245384

Patent

Koziol KKK, Boncel S, Shaffer MSP, Windle AHet al., 2011, Aligned carbon nanotube-polystyrene composites prepared by in situ polymerisation of stacked layers, COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 71, Pages: 1606-1611, ISSN: 0266-3538

Journal article

Boncel S, Koziol KKK, Walczak KZ, Windle AH, Shaffer MSPet al., 2011, Infiltration of highly aligned carbon nanotube arrays with molten polystyrene, MATERIALS LETTERS, Vol: 65, Pages: 2299-2303, ISSN: 0167-577X

Journal article

Cho J, Inam F, Reece MJ, Chlup Z, Dlouhy I, Shaffer MSP, Boccaccini ARet al., 2011, Carbon nanotubes: do they toughen brittle matrices?, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, Vol: 46, Pages: 4770-4779, ISSN: 0022-2461

Journal article

Orchard KL, Harris JE, White AJP, Shaffer MSP, Williams CKet al., 2011, Solvent Dependence of the Structure of Ethylzinc Acetate and Its Application in CO2/Epoxide Copolymerization, ORGANOMETALLICS, Vol: 30, Pages: 2223-2229, ISSN: 0276-7333

Journal article

Bismarck A, Julasak J, Mantalaris A, Pommet M, Shaffer Met al., 2011, MATERIAL COMPRISING MICROBIALLY SYNTHESIZED CELLULOSE ASSOCIATED WITH A SUPPORT LIKE A POLYMER AND/OR FIBRE, US2011021701

Patent

Mourad MCD, Mokhtar M, Tucker MG, Barney ER, Smith RI, Alyoubi AO, Basahel SN, Shaffer MSP, Skipper NTet al., 2011, Activation and local structural stability during the thermal decomposition of Mg/Al-hydrotalcite by total neutron scattering, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, Vol: 21, Pages: 15479-15485, ISSN: 0959-9428

Journal article

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