Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Lee, WJ and Paineau, E and Anthony, DB and Gao, Y and Leese, HS and Rouzière, S and Launois, P and Shaffer, MSP},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.9b09873},
journal = {ACS Nano},
pages = {5570--5580},
title = {Inorganic nanotube mesophases enable strong self-healing fibers},
url = {},
volume = {14},
year = {2020}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The assembly of one-dimensional nanomaterials into macroscopic fibers can improve mechanical as well as multifunctional performance. Double walled aluminogermanate imogolite nanotubes are geo-inspired analogs of carbon nanotubes, synthesized at low temperature, with complementary properties. Here, continuous imogolite based fibers are wet spun within a polyvinyl alcohol matrix. The lyotropic liquid crystallinity of the system produces highly aligned fibers with tensile stiffness and strength up to 24.1 GPa (14.1 N tex¹) and 0.8 GPa (0.46 N tex¹), respectively. Significant enhancements over the pure polymer control are quantitatively attributed to both matrix refinement and direct nanoscale reinforcement, by fitting an analytical model. Most intriguingly, imogolite-based fibers show a high degree of healability via evaporation induced self assembly, recovering up to 44%, and 19% of the original fiber tensile stiffness and strength, respectively. This recovery at high absolute strength highlights a general strategy for the development of high-performance healable fibers relevant to composite structures and other applications.
AU - Lee,WJ
AU - Paineau,E
AU - Anthony,DB
AU - Gao,Y
AU - Leese,HS
AU - Rouzière,S
AU - Launois,P
AU - Shaffer,MSP
DO - 10.1021/acsnano.9b09873
EP - 5580
PY - 2020///
SN - 1936-0851
SP - 5570
TI - Inorganic nanotube mesophases enable strong self-healing fibers
T2 - ACS Nano
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 14
ER -