Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Qian, H and Bismarck, A and Greenhalgh, ES and Shaffer, MSP},
journal = {Composites Part A},
pages = {1107--1114},
title = {Carbon nanotube grafted carbon fibres: A study of wetting and fibre fragmentation},
url = {},
volume = {41},
year = {2010}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were grafted on IM7 carbon fibres using a chemical vapour deposition method.The overall grafting process resulted in a threefold increase of the BET surface area compared to the original primary carbon fibres (0.57 m2/g). At the same time, there was a degradation of fibre tensile strength by around 15% (depending on gauge length), due to the dissolution of iron catalyst into the carbon;the modulus was not significantly affected. The wetting behaviour between fibres and poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) was directly quantified using contact angle measurements for drop-on-fibre systems and indicated good wettability. Single fibre fragmentation tests were conducted on hierarchical fibre/PMMA model composites, demonstrating a significant (26%) improvement of the apparent interfacial shear strength (IFSS) over the baseline composites. The result is associated with improved stress transfer between the carbon fibres and surrounding matrix, through the grafted CNT layer. The improved IFSS was found to correlate directly with a reduced contact angle between fibre and matrix.
AU - Qian,H
AU - Bismarck,A
AU - Greenhalgh,ES
AU - Shaffer,MSP
EP - 1114
PY - 2010///
SP - 1107
TI - Carbon nanotube grafted carbon fibres: A study of wetting and fibre fragmentation
T2 - Composites Part A
UR -
VL - 41
ER -