Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Hu, S and Laker, ZPL and Leese, HS and Rubio, N and De, Marco M and Au, H and Skilbeck, MS and Wilson, NR and Shaffer, MSP},
doi = {10.1039/c6sc05603b},
journal = {Chemical Science},
pages = {6149--6154},
title = {Thermochemical functionalisation of graphenes with minimal framework damage},
url = {},
volume = {8},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Graphene and graphene nanoplatelets can be functionalised via a gas-phase thermochemical method; the approach is versatile, readily scalable, and avoids the introduction of additional defects by exploiting existing sites. Direct TEM imaging confirmed covalent modification of single layer graphene, without damaging the connectivity of the lattice, as supported by Raman spectrometry and AFM nano-indentation measurements of mechanical stiffness. The grafting methodology can also be applied to commercially-available bulk graphene nanoplatelets, as illustrated by the preparation of anionic, cationic, and non-ionic derivatives. Successful bulk functionalisation is evidenced by TGA, Raman, and XPS, as well as in dramatic changes in aqueous dispersability. Thermochemical functionalisation thus provides a facile approach to modify both graphene monolayers, and a wide range of graphene-related nanocarbons, using variants of simple CVD equipment.
AU - Hu,S
AU - Laker,ZPL
AU - Leese,HS
AU - Rubio,N
AU - De,Marco M
AU - Au,H
AU - Skilbeck,MS
AU - Wilson,NR
AU - Shaffer,MSP
DO - 10.1039/c6sc05603b
EP - 6154
PY - 2017///
SN - 2041-6520
SP - 6149
TI - Thermochemical functionalisation of graphenes with minimal framework damage
T2 - Chemical Science
UR -
UR -
VL - 8
ER -