Imperial College London

Prof Milo Shaffer

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Chemistry

Professor of Materials Chemistry



+44 (0)20 7594 5825m.shaffer Website




Mr John Murrell +44 (0)20 7594 2845




M221Royal College of ScienceSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {De, Luca F and Clancy, A and Rubio, Carrero N and Anthony, DB and De, Luca H and Shaffer, M and Bismarck, A},
doi = {10.1039/C7MH00917H},
journal = {Materials Horizons},
pages = {668--674},
title = {Increasing carbon fiber composite strength with a nanostructured“brick-and-mortar” interphase},
url = {},
volume = {5},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Conventional fiber-reinforced composites suffer from the formation of critical clusters of correlated fiber breaks, leading to sudden composite failure in tension. To mitigate this problem, an optimized “brick-and-mortar” nanostructured interphase was developed, in order to absorb energy at fiber breaks and alleviate local stress concentrations whilst maintaining effective load transfer. The coating was designed to exploit crack bifurcation and platelet interlocking mechanisms known in natural nacre. However, the architecture was scaled down by an order of magnitude to allow a highly ordered conformal coating to be deposited around conventional structural carbon fibers, whilst retaining the characteristic phase proportions and aspect ratios of the natural system. Drawing on this bioinspiration, a Layer-by-Layer assembly method was used to coat multiple fibers simultaneously, providing an efficient and potentially scalable route for production. Single fiber pull out and fragmentation tests showed improved interfacial characteristics for energy absorption and plasticity. Impregnated fiber tow model composites demonstrated increases in absolute tensile strength (+15%) and strain-to-failure (+30%), as compared to composites containing conventionally sized fibers.
AU - De,Luca F
AU - Clancy,A
AU - Rubio,Carrero N
AU - Anthony,DB
AU - De,Luca H
AU - Shaffer,M
AU - Bismarck,A
DO - 10.1039/C7MH00917H
EP - 674
PY - 2018///
SN - 2051-6355
SP - 668
TI - Increasing carbon fiber composite strength with a nanostructured“brick-and-mortar” interphase
T2 - Materials Horizons
UR -
UR -
VL - 5
ER -