Imperial College London

ProfessorMartinSiegert

Faculty of Natural SciencesThe Grantham Institute for Climate Change

Co-Director,Grantham Institute forClimate Change&Environment
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 9666m.siegert Website

 
 
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Assistant

 

Ms Gosia Gayer +44 (0)20 7594 9666

 
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Location

 

Grantham Directors OfficeSherfield BuildingSouth Kensington Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Vance:2016:10.5194/cp-12-595-2016,
author = {Vance, T and Roberts, J and Moy, A and Curran, M and Tozer, A and Gallant, A and Abram, T and van, Ommen T and Young, D and Blankenship, D and Siegert, MJ},
doi = {10.5194/cp-12-595-2016},
journal = {Climate of the Past},
pages = {595--610},
title = {Optimal site selection for a high-resolution ice core record in East Antarctica},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-595-2016},
volume = {12},
year = {2016}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Ice cores provide some of the best-dated and most comprehensive proxy records, as they yield a vast and growing array of proxy indicators. Selecting a site for ice core drilling is nonetheless challenging, as the assessment of potential new sites needs to consider a variety of factors. Here, we demonstrate a systematic approach to site selection for a new East Antarctic high-resolution ice core record. Specifically, seven criteria are considered: (1) 2000-year-old ice at 300m depth; (2) above 1000m elevation; (3) a minimum accumulation rate of 250mm years−1 IE (ice equivalent); (4) minimal surface reworking to preserve the deposited climate signal; (5) a site with minimal displacement or elevation change in ice at 300m depth; (6) a strong teleconnection to midlatitude climate; and (7) an appropriately complementary relationship to the existing Law Dome record (a high-resolution record in East Antarctica). Once assessment of these physical characteristics identified promising regions, logistical considerations (for site access and ice core retrieval) were briefly considered. We use Antarctic surface mass balance syntheses, along with ground-truthing of satellite data by airborne radar surveys to produce all-of-Antarctica maps of surface roughness, age at specified depth, elevation and displacement change, and surface air temperature correlations to pinpoint promising locations. We also use the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast ERA 20th Century reanalysis (ERA-20C) to ensure that a site complementary to the Law Dome record is selected. We find three promising sites in the Indian Ocean sector of East Antarctica in the coastal zone from Enderby Land to the Ingrid Christensen Coast (50–100°E). Although we focus on East Antarctica for a new ice core site, the methodology is more generally applicable, and we include key parameters for all of Antarctica which may be useful for ice core site selection elsewhere and/or for other purposes.
AU - Vance,T
AU - Roberts,J
AU - Moy,A
AU - Curran,M
AU - Tozer,A
AU - Gallant,A
AU - Abram,T
AU - van,Ommen T
AU - Young,D
AU - Blankenship,D
AU - Siegert,MJ
DO - 10.5194/cp-12-595-2016
EP - 610
PY - 2016///
SN - 1814-9332
SP - 595
TI - Optimal site selection for a high-resolution ice core record in East Antarctica
T2 - Climate of the Past
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/cp-12-595-2016
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/31403
VL - 12
ER -