Imperial College London

Professor Michael Templeton

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Professor of Public Health Engineering



+44 (0)20 7594 6099m.templeton




Miss Judith Barritt +44 (0)20 7594 5967




303Skempton BuildingSouth Kensington Campus





Michael R. Templeton is Professor of Public Health Engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Imperial College London and the Oxfam and Water For People / Royal Academy of Engineering Research Chair in Global Sanitation Technology. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Civil Engineers and has served on strategic advisory groups and technical review panels for the World Health Organization, UK Research and Innovation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and the Swedish Research Council. He has conducted research and co-authored publications with partners in a number of countries, including Ethiopia, Tanzania, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Sénégal, Bénin, India, and Nepal. He is also Co-Chair of Imperial College London's Global Development Hub.  He holds a bachelor's degree with honours in engineering science and a PhD in civil-environmental engineering, both from the University of Toronto.

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Vande Velde F, Levecke B, Gabriël S, et al., 2023, Sustaining effective latrine cleaning in schools to protect child health in low-income settings, Nature Water, Vol:1, Pages:907-914

Sione L, Gibson W, Beckett P, et al., 2023, Taking Tiger Worm Toilets to scale: opportunities and challenges, Frontiers in Environmental Science, Vol:11, ISSN:2296-665X

Sione L, Bastable A, Ampilan A, et al., 2023, Lessons learned from a Tiger Worm Toilet implementation project in Sierra Leone, Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, Vol:13, ISSN:2043-9083, Pages:604-609

Koulouri ME, Templeton MR, Fowler GD, 2023, Source separation of human excreta: effect on resource recovery via pyrolysis, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol:338, ISSN:0301-4797, Pages:1-10

Hylton E, Noad L, Templeton MR, et al., 2022, The rate of vermi-compost accumulation within ‘Tiger Toilets’ in India, Environmental Technology, Vol:43, ISSN:0959-3330, Pages:376-385

Krueger BC, Fowler GD, Templeton MR, et al., 2021, Faecal sludge pyrolysis: understanding the relationships between organic composition and thermal decomposition, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol:298, ISSN:0301-4797, Pages:1-13

Krueger BC, Fowler GD, Templeton MR, 2021, Critical analytical parameters for faecal sludge characterisation informing the application of thermal treatment processes, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol:280, ISSN:0301-4797

Krueger BC, Fowler GD, Templeton MR, et al., 2020, Resource recovery and biochar characteristics from full-scale faecal sludge treatment and co-treatment with agricultural waste, Water Research, Vol:169:115253, ISSN:0043-1354

Dewhurst RN, Furlong C, Tripathi S, et al., 2019, Evaluating the viability of establishing container-based sanitation in low-income settlements, Waterlines, Vol:38, ISSN:1756-3488, Pages:154-169

Angoua ELE, Dongo K, Templeton MR, et al., 2018, Barriers to access improved water and sanitation in poor peri-urban settlements of Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire, PLOS One, Vol:13(8):e0202928, ISSN:1932-6203

Hammoud AS, Leung J, Tripathi S, et al., 2018, The impact of latrine contents and emptying practices on nitrogen contamination of well water in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, Aims Environmental Science, Vol:5, ISSN:2372-0352, Pages:143-153

Bond T, Tse Q, Chambon C, et al., 2018, The feasibility of char and bio-oil production from pyrolysis of pit latrine sludge, Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology, Vol:4, ISSN:2053-1400, Pages:253-264

Grimes JET, Tadesse G, Gardiner IA, et al., 2017, Sanitation, hookworm, anemia, stunting, and wasting in primary school children in southern Ethiopia: baseline results from a study in 30 schools, PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Vol:11:e0005948, ISSN:1935-2727

Grimes JET, Tadesse G, Mekete K, et al., 2016, School water, sanitation, and hygiene, soil-transmitted helminths, and schistosomes: national mapping in Ethiopia, PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Vol:10:e0004515, ISSN:1935-2735

Templeton MR, 2015, Pitfalls and progress: a perspective on achieving sustainable sanitation for all, Environmental Science: Water Research and Technology, Vol:1, ISSN:2053-1400, Pages:17-21

Furlong C, Gibson WT, Templeton MR, et al., 2015, The development of an onsite sanitation system based on vermifiltration: the 'Tiger Toilet', Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, Vol:5, ISSN:2043-9083, Pages:608-613

Grimes JET, Templeton MR, 2015, Geostatistical modelling of schistosomiasis prevalence, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Vol:15, ISSN:1474-4457, Pages:869-870

Templeton MR, Hammoud AS, Butler AP, et al., 2015, Nitrate pollution of groundwater by pit latrines in developing countries, Aims Environmental Science, Vol:2, Pages:302-313

Todman LC, van Eekert MHA, Templeton MR, et al., 2015, Modelling the fill rate of pit latrines in Ifakara, Tanzania, Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, Vol:5, Pages:100-106

Furlong C, Templeton MR, Gibson WT, 2014, Processing of human faeces by wet vermifiltration for improved on-site sanitation, Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, Vol:4, Pages:231-239

Howitt P, Darzi A, Yang G-Z, et al., 2012, Technologies for global health, The Lancet, Vol:380, ISSN:0140-6736, Pages:507-535

Bond T, Templeton MR, 2011, History and future of domestic biogas plants in the developing world, Energy for Sustainable Development, Vol:15, ISSN:0973-0826, Pages:347-354

Papafilippou N, Templeton MR, Ali M, 2011, Is there a role for external technical support in the community-led total sanitation (CLTS) approach?, International Development Planning Review, Vol:33, Pages:81-94

Thye YP, Templeton MR, Ali M, 2011, A critical review of technologies for pit latrine emptying in developing countries, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, Vol:41, Pages:1793-1819

More Publications